Document (#13143)

Author
Gopestake, A.
Title
Acquisition of lexical translation relations from MRDS
Source
Machine translation. 9(1994/95) nos.3/4, S.183-219
Year
1994/95
Abstract
Presents a methodology for extracting information about lexical translation equivalences from the machine readable versions of conventional dictionaries (MRDs), and describes a series of experiments on semi automatic construction of a linked multilingual lexical knowledge base for English, Dutch and Spanish. Discusses the advantage and limitations of using MRDs that this has revealed, and some strategies developed to cover gaps where direct translation can be found
Theme
Computerlinguistik
Multilinguale Probleme

Similar documents (content)

  1. Dorr, B.J.: Large-scale dictionary construction for foreign language tutoring and interlingual machine translation (1997) 0.24
    0.23740093 = sum of:
      0.23740093 = product of:
        0.98917055 = sum of:
          0.067690775 = weight(abstract_txt:construction in 5245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.067690775 = score(doc=5245,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11162462 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4886365 = idf(docFreq=485, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.6064144 = fieldWeight in 5245, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.4886365 = idf(docFreq=485, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5245)
          0.07097131 = weight(abstract_txt:acquisition in 5245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07097131 = score(doc=5245,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14514616 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1403096 = boost
                6.2587447 = idf(docFreq=224, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.48896444 = fieldWeight in 5245, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.2587447 = idf(docFreq=224, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5245)
          0.08251169 = weight(abstract_txt:semi in 5245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08251169 = score(doc=5245,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16048238 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.19904 = boost
                6.5810947 = idf(docFreq=162, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.514148 = fieldWeight in 5245, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5810947 = idf(docFreq=162, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5245)
          0.22117889 = weight(abstract_txt:dictionaries in 5245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22117889 = score(doc=5245,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.195086 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3220049 = boost
                7.2560043 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              1.1337507 = fieldWeight in 5245, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                7.2560043 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5245)
          0.20434077 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 5245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20434077 = score(doc=5245,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.42366973 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3743827 = boost
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.4823115 = fieldWeight in 5245, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5245)
          0.3424771 = weight(abstract_txt:lexical in 5245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3424771 = score(doc=5245,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.4744624 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.5709314 = boost
                6.5331817 = idf(docFreq=170, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.7218214 = fieldWeight in 5245, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.5331817 = idf(docFreq=170, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5245)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  2. Sabourin, C.F. (Bearb.): Computational lexicology and lexicography : bibliography (1994) 0.18
    0.17865083 = sum of:
      0.17865083 = product of:
        1.4887569 = sum of:
          0.15529162 = weight(abstract_txt:readable in 871) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15529162 = score(doc=871,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15410936 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1749909 = boost
                6.449098 = idf(docFreq=185, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              1.0076716 = fieldWeight in 871, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.449098 = idf(docFreq=185, maxDocs=43254)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=871)
          0.494571 = weight(abstract_txt:dictionaries in 871) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.494571 = score(doc=871,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.195086 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3220049 = boost
                7.2560043 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              2.5351434 = fieldWeight in 871, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                7.2560043 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=43254)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=871)
          0.8388942 = weight(abstract_txt:lexical in 871) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.8388942 = score(doc=871,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.4744624 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.5709314 = boost
                6.5331817 = idf(docFreq=170, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              1.7680942 = fieldWeight in 871, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.5331817 = idf(docFreq=170, maxDocs=43254)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=871)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)
    
  3. Kim, S.; Ko, Y.; Oard, D.W.: Combining lexical and statistical translation evidence for cross-language information retrieval (2015) 0.17
    0.16629621 = sum of:
      0.16629621 = product of:
        0.83148104 = sum of:
          0.02226564 = weight(abstract_txt:from in 3071) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02226564 = score(doc=3071,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.057297252 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0132157 = boost
                2.7805862 = idf(docFreq=7289, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.38859874 = fieldWeight in 3071, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.7805862 = idf(docFreq=7289, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3071)
          0.040609177 = weight(abstract_txt:english in 3071) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040609177 = score(doc=3071,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1160842 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0197802 = boost
                5.597203 = idf(docFreq=435, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.34982517 = fieldWeight in 3071, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.597203 = idf(docFreq=435, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3071)
          0.06211665 = weight(abstract_txt:readable in 3071) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06211665 = score(doc=3071,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15410936 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1749909 = boost
                6.449098 = idf(docFreq=185, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.40306863 = fieldWeight in 3071, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.449098 = idf(docFreq=185, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3071)
          0.43250787 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 3071) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.43250787 = score(doc=3071,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.42366973 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3743827 = boost
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              1.0208609 = fieldWeight in 3071, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3071)
          0.2739817 = weight(abstract_txt:lexical in 3071) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2739817 = score(doc=3071,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.4744624 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.5709314 = boost
                6.5331817 = idf(docFreq=170, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.57745713 = fieldWeight in 3071, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.5331817 = idf(docFreq=170, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3071)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Bergler, S.: Generative lexicon principles for machine translation : a case for meta-lexical structure (1994/95) 0.16
    0.1566831 = sum of:
      0.1566831 = product of:
        0.97926944 = sum of:
          0.05743753 = weight(abstract_txt:construction in 5141) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05743753 = score(doc=5141,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11162462 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4886365 = idf(docFreq=485, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.5145597 = fieldWeight in 5141, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4886365 = idf(docFreq=485, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=5141)
          0.08614507 = weight(abstract_txt:english in 5141) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08614507 = score(doc=5141,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1160842 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0197802 = boost
                5.597203 = idf(docFreq=435, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.74209124 = fieldWeight in 5141, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.597203 = idf(docFreq=435, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=5141)
          0.42471427 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 5141) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.42471427 = score(doc=5141,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.42366973 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3743827 = boost
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              1.0024655 = fieldWeight in 5141, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=5141)
          0.41097254 = weight(abstract_txt:lexical in 5141) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.41097254 = score(doc=5141,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.4744624 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.5709314 = boost
                6.5331817 = idf(docFreq=170, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.86618567 = fieldWeight in 5141, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.5331817 = idf(docFreq=170, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=5141)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  5. Larkey, L.S.; Connell, M.E.: Structured queries, language modelling, and relevance modelling in cross-language information retrieval (2005) 0.15
    0.15427165 = sum of:
      0.15427165 = product of:
        0.64279854 = sum of:
          0.017246889 = weight(abstract_txt:from in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017246889 = score(doc=3023,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.057297252 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0132157 = boost
                2.7805862 = idf(docFreq=7289, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.30100727 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.7805862 = idf(docFreq=7289, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.050407663 = weight(abstract_txt:advantage in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050407663 = score(doc=3023,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13407713 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0959667 = boost
                6.0153627 = idf(docFreq=286, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.37596017 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.0153627 = idf(docFreq=286, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.081162915 = weight(abstract_txt:conventional in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.081162915 = score(doc=3023,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14619038 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.144404 = boost
                6.2812176 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.55518645 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.2812176 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.07856426 = weight(abstract_txt:spanish in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07856426 = score(doc=3023,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1802355 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2706916 = boost
                6.9743648 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.4358978 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.9743648 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.088471554 = weight(abstract_txt:dictionaries in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.088471554 = score(doc=3023,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.195086 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3220049 = boost
                7.2560043 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.45350027 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.2560043 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.32694525 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.32694525 = score(doc=3023,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.42366973 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3743827 = boost
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020337405 = queryNorm
              0.77169836 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)