Document (#1569)

Author
Holenstein, E.
Title
Klassifikation in natürlichen Sprachen
Source
Klassifikation und Ordnung. Tagungsband 12. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Klassifikation, Darmstadt 17.-19.3.1988. Hrsg.: R. Wille
Imprint
Frankfurt : Indeks
Year
1989
Pages
S.97-118
Series
Studien zur Klassifikation; Bd.19
Abstract
Dem Menschen sind in Abhängigkeit von seinem Erkenntnisapparat gewisse Eigenschaften von Gegenständen leichter zugänglich als andere, und gewisse Eigenschaften setzen dabei andere voraus. So machen sich in natürliche entstandenen Klassifikationen universal Schranken bemerkbar, die nicht logisch begründbar, wohl aber psychologisch (und mutmaßlich neurobiologisch) erklärbar sind. Viele dieser Schranken haben eine implikative Struktur. Eine zweite auffallende Eigenschaft natürlicher Klassenbildung ist ihre Orientierung nicht an einem geschlossenen Bündel definitorischer Eigenschaften, sondern an prototypischen Vertretern von Klassen. Prototypen und an Prototypen orientierte Klassifikationen sind ihrerseits durch eine Reihe universal feststellbarer Eigenschaften ausgezeichnet
Theme
Begriffstheorie

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