Document (#16361)

Author
Keller, F.
Title
How do humans deal with ungrammatical input? : Experimental evidence and computational modelling
Source
Natural language processing and speech technology: Results of the 3rd KONVENS Conference, Bielefeld, October 1996. Ed.: D. Gibbon
Imprint
Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter
Year
1996
Pages
S.27-34
Theme
Sprachretrieval

Similar documents (author)

  1. Keller, A.: Elektronische Zeitschriften in Bibliotheken : Ein Erfahrungsbericht aus der ETH-Bibliothek (1997) 5.26
    5.2648163 = sum of:
      5.2648163 = weight(author_txt:keller in 661) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.2648163 = fieldWeight in 661, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.423706 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=661)
    
  2. Keller, R.M.: ¬A bookmarking service for organizing and sharing URLs (1997) 5.26
    5.2648163 = sum of:
      5.2648163 = weight(author_txt:keller in 3719) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.2648163 = fieldWeight in 3719, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.423706 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3719)
    
  3. Keller, A.: Elektronische Zeitschriften : Eine Publikationsform mit Zukunft? (2000) 5.26
    5.2648163 = sum of:
      5.2648163 = weight(author_txt:keller in 5710) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.2648163 = fieldWeight in 5710, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.423706 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=5710)
    
  4. Keller, A.: Retrospektive Digitalisierung von Zeitschriften (2000) 5.26
    5.2648163 = sum of:
      5.2648163 = weight(author_txt:keller in 5832) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.2648163 = fieldWeight in 5832, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.423706 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=5832)
    
  5. Keller, A.: Bibliotheksservice-Zentrum Baden-Württemberg (BSZ) (2001) 5.26
    5.2648163 = sum of:
      5.2648163 = weight(author_txt:keller in 661) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.2648163 = fieldWeight in 661, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.423706 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=661)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Broughton, V.: ¬The respective roles of intellectual creativity and automation in representing diversity : human and machine generated bias (2019) 0.32
    0.3238786 = sum of:
      0.3238786 = product of:
        0.6477572 = sum of:
          0.009629332 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 2014) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.009629332 = score(doc=2014,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.061415352 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.15679032 = fieldWeight in 2014, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2014)
          0.16132566 = weight(abstract_txt:computational in 2014) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16132566 = score(doc=2014,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.40211332 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5587966 = boost
                6.4191127 = idf(docFreq=192, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.40119454 = fieldWeight in 2014, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4191127 = idf(docFreq=192, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2014)
          0.17739677 = weight(abstract_txt:modelling in 2014) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17739677 = score(doc=2014,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.42839393 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.64109 = boost
                6.625557 = idf(docFreq=156, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.4140973 = fieldWeight in 2014, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.625557 = idf(docFreq=156, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2014)
          0.29940537 = weight(abstract_txt:humans in 2014) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.29940537 = score(doc=2014,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.48199502 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8014495 = boost
                7.0278425 = idf(docFreq=104, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.6211794 = fieldWeight in 2014, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.0278425 = idf(docFreq=104, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2014)
        0.5 = coord(4/8)
    
  2. Atherton, J.: Computer-aided learning and experimental learning (1996) 0.32
    0.3158238 = sum of:
      0.3158238 = product of:
        0.6316476 = sum of:
          0.025017738 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 1809) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025017738 = score(doc=1809,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.061415352 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.40735316 = fieldWeight in 1809, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1809)
          0.14508188 = weight(abstract_txt:experimental in 1809) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14508188 = score(doc=1809,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28590873 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1576214 = boost
                5.4127064 = idf(docFreq=527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.5074412 = fieldWeight in 1809, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4127064 = idf(docFreq=527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1809)
          0.19545281 = weight(abstract_txt:deal in 1809) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19545281 = score(doc=1809,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34874922 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3829677 = boost
                5.97802 = idf(docFreq=299, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.5604394 = fieldWeight in 1809, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.97802 = idf(docFreq=299, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1809)
          0.26609516 = weight(abstract_txt:modelling in 1809) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.26609516 = score(doc=1809,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.42839393 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.64109 = boost
                6.625557 = idf(docFreq=156, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.62114596 = fieldWeight in 1809, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.625557 = idf(docFreq=156, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1809)
        0.5 = coord(4/8)
    
  3. Kajanan, S.; Bao, Y.; Datta, A.; VanderMeer, D.; Dutta, K.: Efficient automatic search query formulation using phrase-level analysis (2014) 0.29
    0.2871472 = sum of:
      0.2871472 = product of:
        0.45943552 = sum of:
          0.007221999 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 3262) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.007221999 = score(doc=3262,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.061415352 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.11759274 = fieldWeight in 3262, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3262)
          0.07223793 = weight(abstract_txt:evidence in 3262) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07223793 = score(doc=3262,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.285112 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.154613 = boost
                5.4051595 = idf(docFreq=531, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.25336686 = fieldWeight in 3262, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4051595 = idf(docFreq=531, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3262)
          0.07254094 = weight(abstract_txt:experimental in 3262) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07254094 = score(doc=3262,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28590873 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1576214 = boost
                5.4127064 = idf(docFreq=527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.2537206 = fieldWeight in 3262, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4127064 = idf(docFreq=527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3262)
          0.14865096 = weight(abstract_txt:input in 3262) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14865096 = score(doc=3262,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.3661062 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.441547 = boost
                6.1249747 = idf(docFreq=258, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.40603232 = fieldWeight in 3262, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.1249747 = idf(docFreq=258, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3262)
          0.15878367 = weight(abstract_txt:humans in 3262) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15878367 = score(doc=3262,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.48199502 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8014495 = boost
                7.0278425 = idf(docFreq=104, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.3294301 = fieldWeight in 3262, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.0278425 = idf(docFreq=104, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3262)
        0.625 = coord(5/8)
    
  4. Ferrández, O.; Izquierdo, R.; Ferrández, S.; Vicedo González, J.L.: Addressing ontology-based question answering with collections of user queries (2009) 0.29
    0.2859234 = sum of:
      0.2859234 = product of:
        0.5718468 = sum of:
          0.012036665 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 1210) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012036665 = score(doc=1210,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.061415352 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.1959879 = fieldWeight in 1210, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1210)
          0.16287734 = weight(abstract_txt:deal in 1210) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16287734 = score(doc=1210,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34874922 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3829677 = boost
                5.97802 = idf(docFreq=299, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.46703282 = fieldWeight in 1210, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.97802 = idf(docFreq=299, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1210)
          0.17518683 = weight(abstract_txt:input in 1210) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17518683 = score(doc=1210,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3661062 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.441547 = boost
                6.1249747 = idf(docFreq=258, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.47851366 = fieldWeight in 1210, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.1249747 = idf(docFreq=258, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1210)
          0.22174597 = weight(abstract_txt:modelling in 1210) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22174597 = score(doc=1210,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.42839393 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.64109 = boost
                6.625557 = idf(docFreq=156, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.51762164 = fieldWeight in 1210, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.625557 = idf(docFreq=156, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1210)
        0.5 = coord(4/8)
    
  5. Opdahl, A.L.; Sindre, G.: Facet modelling : an approach to flexible and integrated conceptual modelling (1997) 0.25
    0.2515324 = sum of:
      0.2515324 = product of:
        0.67075306 = sum of:
          0.012036665 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 2699) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012036665 = score(doc=2699,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.061415352 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.1959879 = fieldWeight in 2699, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2699)
          0.16287734 = weight(abstract_txt:deal in 2699) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16287734 = score(doc=2699,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34874922 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3829677 = boost
                5.97802 = idf(docFreq=299, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              0.46703282 = fieldWeight in 2699, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.97802 = idf(docFreq=299, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2699)
          0.49583906 = weight(abstract_txt:modelling in 2699) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.49583906 = score(doc=2699,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.42839393 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.64109 = boost
                6.625557 = idf(docFreq=156, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024481483 = queryNorm
              1.1574372 = fieldWeight in 2699, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                6.625557 = idf(docFreq=156, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2699)
        0.375 = coord(3/8)