Document (#18655)

Title
Initiatives for access
Source
Select newsletter. 1993, no.11, S.6
Year
1993
Abstract
The British Library aims to use digital and network technology to achieve quick and easy access to the collections. The bridge between the strategy and its implementation is founded on the Initiatives for Access programme. Describes the primary Initiatives for Access programme currently under development: the British Library OPAC on JANET; the Patent Jukebox; the Electronic Beowulf; Portico; image digitization for document supply; digitization on the Treasures of the British Library; evaluation of neural networks for optical character recognition; and digitization of popular microfilm
Location
GB

Similar documents (content)

  1. Initiatives for access (1994) 0.72
    0.72220826 = sum of:
      0.72220826 = product of:
        1.3888621 = sum of:
          0.038318623 = weight(abstract_txt:opac in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.038318623 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.0887772 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.5248237 = idf(docFreq=471, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.43162686 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.5248237 = idf(docFreq=471, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.052410156 = weight(abstract_txt:recognition in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.052410156 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10938854 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1100312 = boost
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.47911927 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.06272801 = weight(abstract_txt:character in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06272801 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12331119 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1785568 = boost
                6.5113187 = idf(docFreq=175, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.5086968 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5113187 = idf(docFreq=175, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.07528406 = weight(abstract_txt:patent in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07528406 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13926122 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2524614 = boost
                6.9196286 = idf(docFreq=116, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.540596 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.9196286 = idf(docFreq=116, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.07671861 = weight(abstract_txt:neural in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07671861 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14102475 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2603668 = boost
                6.963304 = idf(docFreq=111, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.54400814 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.963304 = idf(docFreq=111, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.12765011 = weight(abstract_txt:optical in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12765011 = score(doc=3903,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15716855 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3305528 = boost
                7.3510695 = idf(docFreq=75, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.81218606 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.3510695 = idf(docFreq=75, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.12067952 = weight(abstract_txt:janet in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12067952 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19074386 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4657995 = boost
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.6326784 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.16068406 = weight(abstract_txt:microfilm in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16068406 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23085718 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6125789 = boost
                8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.69603235 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.2198109 = weight(abstract_txt:jukebox in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2198109 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28448606 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7901102 = boost
                9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.77265966 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.09294755 = weight(abstract_txt:programme in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09294755 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20192812 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1328616 = boost
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.46030018 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.04427135 = weight(abstract_txt:access in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04427135 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15516604 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6440983 = boost
                3.6520443 = idf(docFreq=3070, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.28531596 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6520443 = idf(docFreq=3070, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.14209239 = weight(abstract_txt:british in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14209239 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.30674854 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2195945 = boost
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.4632211 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.1752669 = weight(abstract_txt:initiatives in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1752669 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.35280538 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4528482 = boost
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.4967807 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
        0.52 = coord(13/25)
    
  2. Purday, J.: ¬The British Library's initiatives for access (1994) 0.46
    0.457559 = sum of:
      0.457559 = product of:
        1.2709972 = sum of:
          0.045982346 = weight(abstract_txt:opac in 392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.045982346 = score(doc=392,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.0887772 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.5248237 = idf(docFreq=471, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.5179522 = fieldWeight in 392, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.5248237 = idf(docFreq=471, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=392)
          0.09831279 = weight(abstract_txt:supply in 392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09831279 = score(doc=392,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14733775 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2882682 = boost
                7.1174545 = idf(docFreq=95, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.66726136 = fieldWeight in 392, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.1174545 = idf(docFreq=95, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=392)
          0.14481543 = weight(abstract_txt:janet in 392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14481543 = score(doc=392,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19074386 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4657995 = boost
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.7592141 = fieldWeight in 392, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=392)
          0.045927625 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.045927625 = score(doc=392,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.08870675 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7313634 = boost
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.5177467 = fieldWeight in 392, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=392)
          0.11153707 = weight(abstract_txt:programme in 392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11153707 = score(doc=392,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20192812 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1328616 = boost
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.55236024 = fieldWeight in 392, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=392)
          0.05312562 = weight(abstract_txt:access in 392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05312562 = score(doc=392,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15516604 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6440983 = boost
                3.6520443 = idf(docFreq=3070, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.34237915 = fieldWeight in 392, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6520443 = idf(docFreq=3070, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=392)
          0.2411388 = weight(abstract_txt:british in 392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2411388 = score(doc=392,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.30674854 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2195945 = boost
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.7861123 = fieldWeight in 392, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=392)
          0.21032026 = weight(abstract_txt:initiatives in 392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21032026 = score(doc=392,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.35280538 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4528482 = boost
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.5961368 = fieldWeight in 392, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=392)
          0.31983718 = weight(abstract_txt:digitization in 392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.31983718 = score(doc=392,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.46655238 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9706364 = boost
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.6855333 = fieldWeight in 392, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=392)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  3. Ashton, J.: ¬The British Library Network OPAC (1994) 0.24
    0.24247864 = sum of:
      0.24247864 = product of:
        1.2123932 = sum of:
          0.061309796 = weight(abstract_txt:opac in 869) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.061309796 = score(doc=869,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.0887772 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.5248237 = idf(docFreq=471, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.69060296 = fieldWeight in 869, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.5248237 = idf(docFreq=471, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=869)
          0.12268836 = weight(abstract_txt:access in 869) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12268836 = score(doc=869,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.15516604 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6440983 = boost
                3.6520443 = idf(docFreq=3070, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.7906908 = fieldWeight in 869, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.6520443 = idf(docFreq=3070, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=869)
          0.3215184 = weight(abstract_txt:british in 869) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3215184 = score(doc=869,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.30674854 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2195945 = boost
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              1.0481497 = fieldWeight in 869, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=869)
          0.28042704 = weight(abstract_txt:initiatives in 869) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.28042704 = score(doc=869,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.35280538 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4528482 = boost
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.7948491 = fieldWeight in 869, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=869)
          0.42644957 = weight(abstract_txt:digitization in 869) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.42644957 = score(doc=869,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.46655238 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9706364 = boost
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.9140444 = fieldWeight in 869, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=869)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Broadhurst, R.: ¬The digitisation of library material (1993) 0.24
    0.2400782 = sum of:
      0.2400782 = product of:
        1.2003909 = sum of:
          0.08385625 = weight(abstract_txt:recognition in 6253) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08385625 = score(doc=6253,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10938854 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1100312 = boost
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.76659083 = fieldWeight in 6253, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=6253)
          0.10036481 = weight(abstract_txt:character in 6253) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10036481 = score(doc=6253,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12331119 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1785568 = boost
                6.5113187 = idf(docFreq=175, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.81391484 = fieldWeight in 6253, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5113187 = idf(docFreq=175, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=6253)
          0.14441961 = weight(abstract_txt:optical in 6253) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14441961 = score(doc=6253,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15716855 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3305528 = boost
                7.3510695 = idf(docFreq=75, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.9188837 = fieldWeight in 6253, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3510695 = idf(docFreq=75, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=6253)
          0.44530073 = weight(abstract_txt:microfilm in 6253) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.44530073 = score(doc=6253,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.23085718 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6125789 = boost
                8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              1.9289014 = fieldWeight in 6253, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=6253)
          0.42644957 = weight(abstract_txt:digitization in 6253) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.42644957 = score(doc=6253,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.46655238 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9706364 = boost
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.9140444 = fieldWeight in 6253, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=6253)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  5. Alexander, M.: Digitising books, manuscripts and scholarly materials : preparation, handling, scanning, recognition, compression, storage formats (1998) 0.22
    0.22433794 = sum of:
      0.22433794 = product of:
        0.93474144 = sum of:
          0.07337422 = weight(abstract_txt:recognition in 4684) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07337422 = score(doc=4684,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10938854 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1100312 = boost
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.67076695 = fieldWeight in 4684, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4684)
          0.22495769 = weight(abstract_txt:microfilm in 4684) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22495769 = score(doc=4684,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23085718 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6125789 = boost
                8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.9744453 = fieldWeight in 4684, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4684)
          0.13012658 = weight(abstract_txt:programme in 4684) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13012658 = score(doc=4684,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20192812 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1328616 = boost
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.64442027 = fieldWeight in 4684, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4684)
          0.06197989 = weight(abstract_txt:access in 4684) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06197989 = score(doc=4684,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15516604 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6440983 = boost
                3.6520443 = idf(docFreq=3070, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.39944234 = fieldWeight in 4684, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6520443 = idf(docFreq=3070, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4684)
          0.19892935 = weight(abstract_txt:british in 4684) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19892935 = score(doc=4684,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.30674854 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2195945 = boost
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.64850956 = fieldWeight in 4684, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4684)
          0.24537367 = weight(abstract_txt:initiatives in 4684) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24537367 = score(doc=4684,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.35280538 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4528482 = boost
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016068785 = queryNorm
              0.695493 = fieldWeight in 4684, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4684)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)