Document (#20189)

Author
Summey, T.P.
Title
Techno reference : impact of electronic reference resources on traditional reference services
Source
Reference librarian. 1998, no.59, S.103-111
Year
1998
Abstract
Concerns which have emerged with the proliferation of electronic resources include the possible infatuation of library users with electronic resources over their print counterparts, the explosion of information resources, and providing reference services in an electronic society. Investigates the impact of this growth in electronic resources on traditional reference services and on how library customers are served by librarians. Along with answering the above concerns, presents information from a survey concerning the impact of electronic resources
Footnote
Part of an issue devoted to the philosophical ideas underlying reference services
Theme
Informationsdienstleistungen

Similar documents (content)

  1. Stanley, D.; Lyandres, N.: ¬The electronic revolution and the evolving role of the academic reference librarian (1998) 0.35
    0.34655404 = sum of:
      0.34655404 = product of:
        1.237693 = sum of:
          0.034165114 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 4679) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.034165114 = score(doc=4679,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06927307 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2830795 = boost
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.49319476 = fieldWeight in 4679, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4679)
          0.13934362 = weight(abstract_txt:proliferation in 4679) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13934362 = score(doc=4679,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1768346 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4495726 = boost
                7.204466 = idf(docFreq=87, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.7879884 = fieldWeight in 4679, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.204466 = idf(docFreq=87, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4679)
          0.11621502 = weight(abstract_txt:services in 4679) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11621502 = score(doc=4679,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1793554 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5285654 = boost
                4.1890426 = idf(docFreq=1794, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.6479594 = fieldWeight in 4679, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.1890426 = idf(docFreq=1794, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4679)
          0.109177716 = weight(abstract_txt:impact in 4679) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.109177716 = score(doc=4679,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21675657 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7797332 = boost
                4.605149 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.50368816 = fieldWeight in 4679, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.605149 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4679)
          0.3688749 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 4679) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3688749 = score(doc=4679,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.3383986 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.483897 = boost
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              1.0900604 = fieldWeight in 4679, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4679)
          0.1690099 = weight(abstract_txt:resources in 4679) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1690099 = score(doc=4679,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.36545536 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.104452 = boost
                4.228241 = idf(docFreq=1725, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.46246386 = fieldWeight in 4679, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.228241 = idf(docFreq=1725, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4679)
          0.30090663 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 4679) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30090663 = score(doc=4679,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.37222627 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.151521 = boost
                4.26723 = idf(docFreq=1659, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.80839705 = fieldWeight in 4679, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.26723 = idf(docFreq=1659, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4679)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Machovec, G.S.: Key elements in using technology for library support in distance education (1997) 0.28
    0.27647403 = sum of:
      0.27647403 = product of:
        0.9874072 = sum of:
          0.06682319 = weight(abstract_txt:growth in 4017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06682319 = score(doc=4017,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.108341284 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1346276 = boost
                5.6391697 = idf(docFreq=420, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.6167842 = fieldWeight in 4017, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6391697 = idf(docFreq=420, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4017)
          0.024158387 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 4017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024158387 = score(doc=4017,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06927307 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2830795 = boost
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.34874138 = fieldWeight in 4017, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4017)
          0.07532211 = weight(abstract_txt:traditional in 4017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07532211 = score(doc=4017,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14784302 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8744409 = boost
                4.658044 = idf(docFreq=1122, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.50947356 = fieldWeight in 4017, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.658044 = idf(docFreq=1122, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4017)
          0.11621502 = weight(abstract_txt:services in 4017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11621502 = score(doc=4017,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1793554 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5285654 = boost
                4.1890426 = idf(docFreq=1794, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.6479594 = fieldWeight in 4017, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.1890426 = idf(docFreq=1794, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4017)
          0.16496585 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 4017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16496585 = score(doc=4017,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3383986 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.483897 = boost
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.48748976 = fieldWeight in 4017, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4017)
          0.23901607 = weight(abstract_txt:resources in 4017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23901607 = score(doc=4017,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.36545536 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.104452 = boost
                4.228241 = idf(docFreq=1725, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.65402263 = fieldWeight in 4017, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.228241 = idf(docFreq=1725, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4017)
          0.30090663 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 4017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30090663 = score(doc=4017,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.37222627 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.151521 = boost
                4.26723 = idf(docFreq=1659, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.80839705 = fieldWeight in 4017, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.26723 = idf(docFreq=1659, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4017)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Schloman, B.F.: Managing reference services in an electronic environment (1993) 0.21
    0.21086358 = sum of:
      0.21086358 = product of:
        0.7530842 = sum of:
          0.050105028 = weight(abstract_txt:along in 5624) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050105028 = score(doc=5624,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11190481 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1531365 = boost
                5.73116 = idf(docFreq=383, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.44774687 = fieldWeight in 5624, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.73116 = idf(docFreq=383, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5624)
          0.02988825 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 5624) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02988825 = score(doc=5624,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.06927307 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2830795 = boost
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.43145555 = fieldWeight in 5624, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5624)
          0.02521289 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 5624) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02521289 = score(doc=5624,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.06432257 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5142537 = boost
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.3919758 = fieldWeight in 5624, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.508645 = idf(docFreq=9634, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5624)
          0.11739491 = weight(abstract_txt:services in 5624) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11739491 = score(doc=5624,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.1793554 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5285654 = boost
                4.1890426 = idf(docFreq=1794, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.6545379 = fieldWeight in 5624, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.1890426 = idf(docFreq=1794, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5624)
          0.23566553 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 5624) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23566553 = score(doc=5624,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.3383986 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.483897 = boost
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.696414 = fieldWeight in 5624, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5624)
          0.17072578 = weight(abstract_txt:resources in 5624) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17072578 = score(doc=5624,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.36545536 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.104452 = boost
                4.228241 = idf(docFreq=1725, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.46715903 = fieldWeight in 5624, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.228241 = idf(docFreq=1725, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5624)
          0.12409181 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 5624) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12409181 = score(doc=5624,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.37222627 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.151521 = boost
                4.26723 = idf(docFreq=1659, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.33337736 = fieldWeight in 5624, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.26723 = idf(docFreq=1659, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5624)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  4. Cortez, E.; Rice, R.: ¬An investigation into the role of public libraries with online reference service (1994) 0.21
    0.21044183 = sum of:
      0.21044183 = product of:
        0.751578 = sum of:
          0.071515664 = weight(abstract_txt:investigates in 2577) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.071515664 = score(doc=2577,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12562454 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2217816 = boost
                6.072331 = idf(docFreq=272, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.56928104 = fieldWeight in 2577, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.072331 = idf(docFreq=272, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2577)
          0.020707186 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 2577) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020707186 = score(doc=2577,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06927307 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2830795 = boost
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.29892117 = fieldWeight in 2577, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2577)
          0.06456181 = weight(abstract_txt:traditional in 2577) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06456181 = score(doc=2577,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14784302 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8744409 = boost
                4.658044 = idf(docFreq=1122, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.4366916 = fieldWeight in 2577, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.658044 = idf(docFreq=1122, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2577)
          0.09961288 = weight(abstract_txt:services in 2577) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09961288 = score(doc=2577,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1793554 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5285654 = boost
                4.1890426 = idf(docFreq=1794, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.5553938 = fieldWeight in 2577, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.1890426 = idf(docFreq=1794, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2577)
          0.14139931 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 2577) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14139931 = score(doc=2577,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3383986 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.483897 = boost
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.41784838 = fieldWeight in 2577, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2577)
          0.20487094 = weight(abstract_txt:resources in 2577) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20487094 = score(doc=2577,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.36545536 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.104452 = boost
                4.228241 = idf(docFreq=1725, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.56059086 = fieldWeight in 2577, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.228241 = idf(docFreq=1725, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2577)
          0.14891016 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 2577) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14891016 = score(doc=2577,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.37222627 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.151521 = boost
                4.26723 = idf(docFreq=1659, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.40005282 = fieldWeight in 2577, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.26723 = idf(docFreq=1659, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2577)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  5. Ford, B.J.; Jacobs, S.J.: Academic libraries (1997) 0.20
    0.2028483 = sum of:
      0.2028483 = product of:
        0.7244582 = sum of:
          0.06750161 = weight(abstract_txt:growth in 378) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06750161 = score(doc=378,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.108341284 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1346276 = boost
                5.6391697 = idf(docFreq=420, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.6230461 = fieldWeight in 378, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.6391697 = idf(docFreq=420, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=378)
          0.052498896 = weight(abstract_txt:print in 378) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.052498896 = score(doc=378,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11544133 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.171216 = boost
                5.8210163 = idf(docFreq=350, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.4547669 = fieldWeight in 378, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8210163 = idf(docFreq=350, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=378)
          0.04226837 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 378) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04226837 = score(doc=378,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.06927307 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2830795 = boost
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.6101703 = fieldWeight in 378, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                3.1884925 = idf(docFreq=4881, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=378)
          0.058697455 = weight(abstract_txt:services in 378) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.058697455 = score(doc=378,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1793554 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5285654 = boost
                4.1890426 = idf(docFreq=1794, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.32726896 = fieldWeight in 378, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.1890426 = idf(docFreq=1794, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=378)
          0.117832765 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 378) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.117832765 = score(doc=378,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3383986 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.483897 = boost
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.348207 = fieldWeight in 378, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=378)
          0.17072578 = weight(abstract_txt:resources in 378) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17072578 = score(doc=378,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.36545536 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.104452 = boost
                4.228241 = idf(docFreq=1725, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.46715903 = fieldWeight in 378, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.228241 = idf(docFreq=1725, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=378)
          0.2149333 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 378) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2149333 = score(doc=378,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.37222627 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.151521 = boost
                4.26723 = idf(docFreq=1659, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016932672 = queryNorm
              0.5774265 = fieldWeight in 378, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.26723 = idf(docFreq=1659, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=378)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)