Document (#21685)

Author
Alexander, M.
Title
Digitising books, manuscripts and scholarly materials : preparation, handling, scanning, recognition, compression, storage formats
Source
Information management and technology. 31(1998) no.2, S.77-81
Year
1998
Abstract
The British Library's Initiatives for Access programme (1993-) aims to identify the impact and value of digital and networking technologies on the Library's collections and services. Describes the projects: the Electronic Beowulf, digitisation of ageing microfilm, digital photographic images, and use of the Excalibur retrieval software. Examines the ways in which the issues of preparation, scanning, and storage have been tackled, and problems raised by use of recognition technologies and compression
Theme
Elektronisches Publizieren

Similar documents (author)

  1. Alexander, M.: Automatic indexing of document images using Excalibur EFS (1995) 5.57
    5.568259 = sum of:
      5.568259 = weight(author_txt:alexander in 1977) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.568259 = fieldWeight in 1977, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1977)
    
  2. Alexander, M.: Retrieving digital data with fuzzy matching (1996) 5.57
    5.568259 = sum of:
      5.568259 = weight(author_txt:alexander in 28) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.568259 = fieldWeight in 28, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=28)
    
  3. Alexander, M.: Retrieving digital data with fuzzy matching (1997) 5.57
    5.568259 = sum of:
      5.568259 = weight(author_txt:alexander in 149) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.568259 = fieldWeight in 149, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=149)
    
  4. Alexander, J.: Customs and excise process 2.5 million documents (1997) 5.57
    5.568259 = sum of:
      5.568259 = weight(author_txt:alexander in 3425) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.568259 = fieldWeight in 3425, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3425)
    
  5. Alexander, K.: Kompendium der visuellen Information und Kommunikation (2007) 5.57
    5.568259 = sum of:
      5.568259 = weight(author_txt:alexander in 2645) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.568259 = fieldWeight in 2645, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2645)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Initiatives for access (1994) 0.42
    0.42208153 = sum of:
      0.42208153 = product of:
        1.0552038 = sum of:
          0.0485559 = weight(abstract_txt:programme in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0485559 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.105487466 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0866104 = boost
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.46030018 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.04948614 = weight(abstract_txt:british in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04948614 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1068305 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0935057 = boost
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.4632211 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.061039746 = weight(abstract_txt:initiatives in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.061039746 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12287061 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1727284 = boost
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.4967807 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.03908523 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03908523 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1150071 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6045408 = boost
                4.3500876 = idf(docFreq=1527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.3398506 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3500876 = idf(docFreq=1527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.1613123 = weight(abstract_txt:digitisation in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1613123 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23486476 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6213709 = boost
                8.791431 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.6868306 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.791431 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.16788305 = weight(abstract_txt:microfilm in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16788305 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24120007 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6430931 = boost
                8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.69603235 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.09476881 = weight(abstract_txt:storage in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09476881 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2075677 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1556008 = boost
                5.8440723 = idf(docFreq=342, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.45656815 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8440723 = idf(docFreq=342, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.14927094 = weight(abstract_txt:library's in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14927094 = score(doc=3903,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.22302645 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2344294 = boost
                6.057785 = idf(docFreq=276, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.669297 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.057785 = idf(docFreq=276, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.10951649 = weight(abstract_txt:recognition in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10951649 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22857876 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2620718 = boost
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.47911927 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
          0.17428513 = weight(abstract_txt:scanning in 3903) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17428513 = score(doc=3903,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.31157055 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6409893 = boost
                7.160014 = idf(docFreq=91, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.5593761 = fieldWeight in 3903, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.160014 = idf(docFreq=91, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3903)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)
    
  2. Alexander, M.: Retrieving digital data with fuzzy matching (1996) 0.22
    0.21687217 = sum of:
      0.21687217 = product of:
        0.9036341 = sum of:
          0.07493132 = weight(abstract_txt:images in 28) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07493132 = score(doc=28,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08934148 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.422221 = idf(docFreq=522, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.83870703 = fieldWeight in 28, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.422221 = idf(docFreq=522, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=28)
          0.0692806 = weight(abstract_txt:british in 28) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0692806 = score(doc=28,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1068305 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0935057 = boost
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.64850956 = fieldWeight in 28, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=28)
          0.325652 = weight(abstract_txt:excalibur in 28) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.325652 = score(doc=28,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23792863 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6319122 = boost
                8.848589 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              1.3686962 = fieldWeight in 28, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.848589 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=28)
          0.13267633 = weight(abstract_txt:storage in 28) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13267633 = score(doc=28,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2075677 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1556008 = boost
                5.8440723 = idf(docFreq=342, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.63919544 = fieldWeight in 28, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8440723 = idf(docFreq=342, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=28)
          0.14777069 = weight(abstract_txt:library's in 28) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14777069 = score(doc=28,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22302645 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2344294 = boost
                6.057785 = idf(docFreq=276, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.66257024 = fieldWeight in 28, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.057785 = idf(docFreq=276, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=28)
          0.15332308 = weight(abstract_txt:recognition in 28) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15332308 = score(doc=28,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22857876 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2620718 = boost
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.67076695 = fieldWeight in 28, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=28)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Alexander, M.: Retrieving digital data with fuzzy matching (1997) 0.20
    0.19656478 = sum of:
      0.19656478 = product of:
        0.70201707 = sum of:
          0.082402095 = weight(abstract_txt:programme in 149) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.082402095 = score(doc=149,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.105487466 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0866104 = boost
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.7811553 = fieldWeight in 149, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=149)
          0.059383374 = weight(abstract_txt:british in 149) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.059383374 = score(doc=149,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1068305 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0935057 = boost
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.55586535 = fieldWeight in 149, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=149)
          0.07052895 = weight(abstract_txt:1993 in 149) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07052895 = score(doc=149,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11981107 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1580356 = boost
                6.279125 = idf(docFreq=221, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.588668 = fieldWeight in 149, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.279125 = idf(docFreq=221, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=149)
          0.07324769 = weight(abstract_txt:initiatives in 149) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07324769 = score(doc=149,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12287061 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1727284 = boost
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.5961368 = fieldWeight in 149, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=149)
          0.06632984 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 149) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06632984 = score(doc=149,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1150071 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6045408 = boost
                4.3500876 = idf(docFreq=1527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.57674557 = fieldWeight in 149, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.3500876 = idf(docFreq=1527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=149)
          0.2791303 = weight(abstract_txt:excalibur in 149) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2791303 = score(doc=149,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23792863 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6319122 = boost
                8.848589 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              1.1731682 = fieldWeight in 149, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.848589 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=149)
          0.07099482 = weight(abstract_txt:technologies in 149) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07099482 = score(doc=149,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1516165 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8423057 = boost
                4.994694 = idf(docFreq=801, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.4682526 = fieldWeight in 149, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.994694 = idf(docFreq=801, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=149)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  4. Initiatives for access (1993) 0.16
    0.16047041 = sum of:
      0.16047041 = product of:
        0.6686267 = sum of:
          0.082402095 = weight(abstract_txt:programme in 1654) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.082402095 = score(doc=1654,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.105487466 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0866104 = boost
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.7811553 = fieldWeight in 1654, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.8918424 = idf(docFreq=326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1654)
          0.10285501 = weight(abstract_txt:british in 1654) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10285501 = score(doc=1654,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.1068305 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0935057 = boost
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.962787 = fieldWeight in 1654, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.92923 = idf(docFreq=314, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1654)
          0.10358788 = weight(abstract_txt:initiatives in 1654) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10358788 = score(doc=1654,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12287061 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1727284 = boost
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.8430648 = fieldWeight in 1654, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.358793 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1654)
          0.046902277 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 1654) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.046902277 = score(doc=1654,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1150071 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6045408 = boost
                4.3500876 = idf(docFreq=1527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.4078207 = fieldWeight in 1654, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3500876 = idf(docFreq=1527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1654)
          0.20145966 = weight(abstract_txt:microfilm in 1654) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20145966 = score(doc=1654,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24120007 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6430931 = boost
                8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.8352388 = fieldWeight in 1654, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.909214 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1654)
          0.1314198 = weight(abstract_txt:recognition in 1654) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1314198 = score(doc=1654,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22857876 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2620718 = boost
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.5749431 = fieldWeight in 1654, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.1327267 = idf(docFreq=256, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1654)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Hendley, T.: Document image processing : going beyond the black-and-white barrier (1995) 0.15
    0.14950348 = sum of:
      0.14950348 = product of:
        0.7475174 = sum of:
          0.06555126 = weight(abstract_txt:images in 2500) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06555126 = score(doc=2500,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.08934148 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.422221 = idf(docFreq=522, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.73371583 = fieldWeight in 2500, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.422221 = idf(docFreq=522, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2500)
          0.19298036 = weight(abstract_txt:photographic in 2500) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19298036 = score(doc=2500,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.21007366 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5334134 = boost
                8.314507 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.91863185 = fieldWeight in 2500, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.314507 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2500)
          0.03908523 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 2500) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03908523 = score(doc=2500,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1150071 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6045408 = boost
                4.3500876 = idf(docFreq=1527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.3398506 = fieldWeight in 2500, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3500876 = idf(docFreq=1527, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2500)
          0.24647638 = weight(abstract_txt:scanning in 2500) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24647638 = score(doc=2500,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.31157055 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6409893 = boost
                7.160014 = idf(docFreq=91, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.79107726 = fieldWeight in 2500, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.160014 = idf(docFreq=91, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2500)
          0.20342416 = weight(abstract_txt:compression in 2500) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20342416 = score(doc=2500,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34539646 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7806568 = boost
                7.538668 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016476914 = queryNorm
              0.58895844 = fieldWeight in 2500, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.538668 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2500)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)