Document (#25029)

Author
Ballesteros, L.A.
Title
Cross-language retrieval via transitive relation
Source
Advances in information retrieval: Recent research from the Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval. Ed.: W.B. Croft
Imprint
Boston, MA : Kluwer Academic Publ.
Year
2000
Pages
S.203-234
Series
The Kluwer international series on information retrieval; 7
Abstract
The growth in availability of multi-lingual data in all areas of the public and private sector is driving an increasing need for systems that facilitate access to multi-lingual resources. Cross-language Retrieval (CLR) technology is a means of addressing this need. A CLR system must address two main hurdles to effective cross-language retrieval. First, it must address the ambiguity that arises when trying to map the meaning of text across languages. That is, it must address both within-language ambiguity and cross-language ambiguity. Second, it has to incorporate multilingual resources that will enable it to perform the mapping across languages. The difficulty here is that there is a limited number of lexical resources and virtually none for some pairs of languages. This work focuses on a dictionary approach to addressing the problem of limited lexical resources. A dictionary approach is taken since bilingual dictionaries are more prevalent and simpler to apply than other resources. We show that a transitive translation approach, where a third language is employed as an interlingua between the source and target languages, is a viable means of performing CLR between languages for which no bilingual dictionary is available
Theme
Computerlinguistik
Multilinguale Probleme

Similar documents (author)

  1. Harmon, E.G.; Ballesteros, E.R.: Unconscious cognition : the elicitation of deeply embedded information needs (1997) 4.95
    4.9450216 = sum of:
      4.9450216 = weight(author_txt:ballesteros in 1297) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.9450216 = fieldWeight in 1297, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1297)
    
  2. Ballesteros, L.; Croft, W.B.: Statistical methods for cross-language information retrieval (1998) 4.95
    4.9450216 = sum of:
      4.9450216 = weight(author_txt:ballesteros in 301) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.9450216 = fieldWeight in 301, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=301)
    
  3. Allan, J.; Ballesteros, L.; Callan, J.P.; Croft, W.B.; Lu, Z.: Recent experiment with INQUERY (1996) 3.09
    3.0906386 = sum of:
      3.0906386 = weight(author_txt:ballesteros in 635) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.0906386 = fieldWeight in 635, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
          0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=635)
    
  4. Allan, J.; Callan, J.P.; Croft, W.B.; Ballesteros, L.; Broglio, J.; Xu, J.; Shu, H.: INQUERY at TREC-5 (1997) 2.47
    2.4725108 = sum of:
      2.4725108 = weight(author_txt:ballesteros in 4101) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        2.4725108 = fieldWeight in 4101, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
          0.25 = fieldNorm(doc=4101)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Li, Q.; Chen, Y.P.; Myaeng, S.-H.; Jin, Y.; Kang, B.-Y.: Concept unification of terms in different languages via web mining for Information Retrieval (2009) 0.40
    0.39714953 = sum of:
      0.39714953 = product of:
        0.99287385 = sum of:
          0.066773884 = weight(abstract_txt:arises in 1213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.066773884 = score(doc=1213,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13448693 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0170962 = boost
                7.9441333 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.49650833 = fieldWeight in 1213, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.9441333 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1213)
          0.0374549 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 1213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0374549 = score(doc=1213,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.07714927 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3342848 = boost
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.4854861 = fieldWeight in 1213, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1213)
          0.02995738 = weight(abstract_txt:approach in 1213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02995738 = score(doc=1213,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09022121 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4429023 = boost
                3.7566452 = idf(docFreq=2765, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.33204365 = fieldWeight in 1213, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.7566452 = idf(docFreq=2765, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1213)
          0.010796592 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 1213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.010796592 = score(doc=1213,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07252992 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8296003 = boost
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.14885707 = fieldWeight in 1213, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1213)
          0.11873103 = weight(abstract_txt:bilingual in 1213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11873103 = score(doc=1213,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.248692 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9559957 = boost
                7.6387515 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.47742197 = fieldWeight in 1213, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.6387515 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1213)
          0.20007417 = weight(abstract_txt:lingual in 1213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20007417 = score(doc=1213,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.27951366 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0736644 = boost
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.7157939 = fieldWeight in 1213, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1213)
          0.11688915 = weight(abstract_txt:dictionary in 1213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11688915 = score(doc=1213,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28172943 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5497565 = boost
                6.6383777 = idf(docFreq=154, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.4148986 = fieldWeight in 1213, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6383777 = idf(docFreq=154, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1213)
          0.13326456 = weight(abstract_txt:cross in 1213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13326456 = score(doc=1213,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.26859346 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8747475 = boost
                5.613377 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.4961571 = fieldWeight in 1213, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.613377 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1213)
          0.1175816 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 1213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1175816 = score(doc=1213,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.22449104 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2188232 = boost
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.5237697 = fieldWeight in 1213, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1213)
          0.16135061 = weight(abstract_txt:languages in 1213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16135061 = score(doc=1213,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.28712586 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.323098 = boost
                5.191079 = idf(docFreq=658, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.5619508 = fieldWeight in 1213, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.191079 = idf(docFreq=658, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1213)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)
    
  2. Levow, G.-A.; Oard, D.W.; Resnik, P.: Dictionary-based techniques for cross-language information retrieval (2005) 0.32
    0.32017884 = sum of:
      0.32017884 = product of:
        0.8893856 = sum of:
          0.04474799 = weight(abstract_txt:across in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04474799 = score(doc=3023,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.111822195 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3115988 = boost
                5.1221876 = idf(docFreq=705, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.40017092 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1221876 = idf(docFreq=705, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.020937923 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020937923 = score(doc=3023,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07714927 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3342848 = boost
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.27139497 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.055265106 = weight(abstract_txt:limited in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055265106 = score(doc=3023,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12872009 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.407214 = boost
                5.495594 = idf(docFreq=485, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.42934328 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.495594 = idf(docFreq=485, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.026991477 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026991477 = score(doc=3023,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.07252992 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8296003 = boost
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.37214267 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.14841378 = weight(abstract_txt:bilingual in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14841378 = score(doc=3023,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.248692 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9559957 = boost
                7.6387515 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.59677744 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.6387515 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.20663276 = weight(abstract_txt:dictionary in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20663276 = score(doc=3023,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.28172943 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5497565 = boost
                6.6383777 = idf(docFreq=154, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.73344404 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.6383777 = idf(docFreq=154, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.11779034 = weight(abstract_txt:cross in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11779034 = score(doc=3023,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26859346 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8747475 = boost
                5.613377 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.43854508 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.613377 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.10392843 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10392843 = score(doc=3023,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.22449104 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2188232 = boost
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.46295136 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.16467777 = weight(abstract_txt:languages in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16467777 = score(doc=3023,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.28712586 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.323098 = boost
                5.191079 = idf(docFreq=658, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.5735386 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.191079 = idf(docFreq=658, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  3. Yang, C.C.; Li, K.W.: Automatic construction of English/Chinese parallel corpora (2003) 0.30
    0.30134538 = sum of:
      0.30134538 = product of:
        0.83707047 = sum of:
          0.020727487 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 2681) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020727487 = score(doc=2681,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07714927 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3342848 = boost
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.2686673 = fieldWeight in 2681, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2681)
          0.038685575 = weight(abstract_txt:limited in 2681) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.038685575 = score(doc=2681,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12872009 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.407214 = boost
                5.495594 = idf(docFreq=485, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.3005403 = fieldWeight in 2681, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.495594 = idf(docFreq=485, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2681)
          0.0133601 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2681) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0133601 = score(doc=2681,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07252992 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8296003 = boost
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.18420123 = fieldWeight in 2681, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2681)
          0.103889644 = weight(abstract_txt:bilingual in 2681) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.103889644 = score(doc=2681,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.248692 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9559957 = boost
                7.6387515 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.41774422 = fieldWeight in 2681, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.6387515 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2681)
          0.17506489 = weight(abstract_txt:lingual in 2681) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17506489 = score(doc=2681,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.27951366 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0736644 = boost
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.62631965 = fieldWeight in 2681, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2681)
          0.102278 = weight(abstract_txt:dictionary in 2681) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.102278 = score(doc=2681,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28172943 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5497565 = boost
                6.6383777 = idf(docFreq=154, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.36303627 = fieldWeight in 2681, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6383777 = idf(docFreq=154, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2681)
          0.16490649 = weight(abstract_txt:cross in 2681) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16490649 = score(doc=2681,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.26859346 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8747475 = boost
                5.613377 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.6139631 = fieldWeight in 2681, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.613377 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2681)
          0.102883905 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 2681) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.102883905 = score(doc=2681,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.22449104 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2188232 = boost
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.45829847 = fieldWeight in 2681, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2681)
          0.11527444 = weight(abstract_txt:languages in 2681) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11527444 = score(doc=2681,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.28712586 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.323098 = boost
                5.191079 = idf(docFreq=658, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.40147704 = fieldWeight in 2681, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.191079 = idf(docFreq=658, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2681)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  4. Wang, J.-H.; Teng, J.-W.; Lu, W.-H.; Chien, L.-F.: Exploiting the Web as the multilingual corpus for unknown query translation (2006) 0.29
    0.2854283 = sum of:
      0.2854283 = product of:
        0.8919634 = sum of:
          0.020937923 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 48) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020937923 = score(doc=48,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07714927 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3342848 = boost
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.27139497 = fieldWeight in 48, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=48)
          0.037446726 = weight(abstract_txt:approach in 48) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.037446726 = score(doc=48,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09022121 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4429023 = boost
                3.7566452 = idf(docFreq=2765, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.41505456 = fieldWeight in 48, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.7566452 = idf(docFreq=2765, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=48)
          0.013495739 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 48) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013495739 = score(doc=48,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07252992 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8296003 = boost
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.18607134 = fieldWeight in 48, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=48)
          0.2570602 = weight(abstract_txt:bilingual in 48) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2570602 = score(doc=48,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.248692 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9559957 = boost
                7.6387515 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              1.0336488 = fieldWeight in 48, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.6387515 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=48)
          0.17684226 = weight(abstract_txt:lingual in 48) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17684226 = score(doc=48,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.27951366 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0736644 = boost
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.6326784 = fieldWeight in 48, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=48)
          0.14611143 = weight(abstract_txt:dictionary in 48) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14611143 = score(doc=48,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28172943 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5497565 = boost
                6.6383777 = idf(docFreq=154, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.51862323 = fieldWeight in 48, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6383777 = idf(docFreq=154, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=48)
          0.16658069 = weight(abstract_txt:cross in 48) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16658069 = score(doc=48,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.26859346 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8747475 = boost
                5.613377 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.6201964 = fieldWeight in 48, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.613377 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=48)
          0.073488496 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 48) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.073488496 = score(doc=48,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22449104 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2188232 = boost
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.32735604 = fieldWeight in 48, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=48)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  5. Park, J.-r.: Cross-lingual name and subject access : mechanisms and challenge (2007) 0.28
    0.2775654 = sum of:
      0.2775654 = product of:
        1.1565225 = sum of:
          0.062647186 = weight(abstract_txt:across in 2253) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.062647186 = score(doc=2253,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.111822195 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3115988 = boost
                5.1221876 = idf(docFreq=705, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.56023926 = fieldWeight in 2253, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1221876 = idf(docFreq=705, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2253)
          0.0267202 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2253) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0267202 = score(doc=2253,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07252992 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8296003 = boost
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.36840245 = fieldWeight in 2253, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2253)
          0.4288197 = weight(abstract_txt:lingual in 2253) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.4288197 = score(doc=2253,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.27951366 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0736644 = boost
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              1.5341636 = fieldWeight in 2253, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2253)
          0.32981297 = weight(abstract_txt:cross in 2253) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.32981297 = score(doc=2253,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.26859346 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8747475 = boost
                5.613377 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              1.2279263 = fieldWeight in 2253, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.613377 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2253)
          0.14549981 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 2253) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14549981 = score(doc=2253,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.22449104 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2188232 = boost
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.6481319 = fieldWeight in 2253, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2253)
          0.16302268 = weight(abstract_txt:languages in 2253) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16302268 = score(doc=2253,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28712586 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.323098 = boost
                5.191079 = idf(docFreq=658, maxDocs=43556)
                0.01664453 = queryNorm
              0.5677743 = fieldWeight in 2253, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.191079 = idf(docFreq=658, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2253)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)