Document (#25297)

Author
Olsson, M.
Title
Discourse : a new theoretical framework for examining information behaviour in its social context
Source
Exploring the contexts of information behaviour: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Research in Information Needs, Seeking and Use in Different Contexts, Sheffield, UK, 1998. Ed. by D.K. Wilson u. D.K. Allen
Imprint
London : Taylor Graham Publ.
Year
1999
Pages
S.136-149
Abstract
This paper outlines a theoretical framework for examining information behaviour of groups, based on the concept of `discourse' first put forward by the French philosopher and historian Michel Foucault. The paper follows Talja (1996), in using discourse as a metatheory to underpin information behaviour research but holds that information behaviour researchers need to find their own methods for exploring the issues raised by discursive theory. The paper begins by outlining some of the major concepts that distinguish this `discourse analytic' approach from existing approaches to group based information behaviour research. The paper also proposes a methodology for examining information behaviour in the context of a discourse analytic approach. This methodology uses the results of author co-citation analysis, as pioneered by White & Griffith (1981), in order to identify discourses within a broad subject area or knowledge field. These discourses are then used as the basis for further study using social network analysis (Haythornthwaite, 1996). The aim of this second stage in the research process is to develop an understanding of the role of discourse in shaping information behaviour through understanding the nature of the relationships within the discourse. The paper puts forward `discourse' as an alternative to current approaches to group-based information behaviour research based on `user' or `target' groups. Many prevailing approaches to information behaviour research can be broadly divided into those that describe rather than theorise about information behaviour and those that seek to explain information behaviour by focusing their theoretical attention on the individual information user.

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  5. Park, J.-r.: Evolution of concept networks and implications for knowledge representation (2007) 0.28
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