Document (#26762)

Author
Hengel, C.
Title
Normdaten und Metadaten : die Idee eines internationalen authority file
Source
Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen und Bibliographie. 50(2003) H.4, S.210-214
Year
2003
Abstract
Normdaten sind Metadaten besonderer Oualität: Metadaten zu Metadaten. In einem getrennt vom Metadaten-Set zur einzelnen Publikation gebildeten Normdaten-Satz werden die unterschiedlichen in den Publikationen verwendeten Namensformen bzw. Bezeichnungen für dasselbe Objekt zusammengeführt und normiert. Durch die Verwendung von Normdaten als Metadaten wird kontrolliert und sichergestellt, dass z. B. für Autoren, Urheber, Verleger, Sachinhalte etc. gleich bleibende, identische Sucheinstiege und Zugriffspunkte gebildet werden (Authority Control). Für die Recherche wirkt sich die Normierung so aus, dass die zugehörigen Publikationen über alle im Normdatensatz beinhalteten Namensformen und Bezeichnungen gefunden werden können. Durch die Angabe von Attributen und Relationen zu den einzelnen Objekten werden zudem zusätzliche, vernetzte Zugriffspunkte bereitgestellt. Normdaten sind damit ideal zur Bildung von semantischen Navigationsnetzen für die Suche und den Zugriff auf Publikationen und andere Objekte geeignet. Das standardisierte Vokabular und das Nummernsystem einer Normdatei hat aber nur im eigenen Anwendungsbereich Gültigkeit, und die gemeinsame Nutzung von Titeldaten kann durch die Nutzung unterschiedlicher Normdateien behindert werden. Die IFLA-Arbeitsgruppe FRANAR hat mit der Vision eines gemeinsamen Virtuellen Authority File ein Modell entwickelt, wie im Bibliothekswesen Interoperabilität zwischen den nationalen Normdateien hergestellt werden kann. Um die Realisierbarkeit eines solchen Vorhabens nachzuweisen, haben die Library of Congress, OCLC und Die Deutsche Bibliothek ein gemeinsames Projekt vereinbart, in dem exemplarisch für den Bereich der Personennormdaten ein VIAF (Virtual International Authority File) aufgebaut werden soll.
Theme
Metadaten
Normdateien
Object
PND

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