Document (#26939)

Author
Knutsen, U.
Title
Working in a distributed electronic environment : Experiences with the Norwegian edition
Source
http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla69/papers/122-Knutsen.pdf
Year
2003
Abstract
Die Einführung der Dewey-Dezimalklassifikation (DDC) in Norwegen ist das Verdienst eines Mannes und Ergebnis seiner Suche nach beruflichem Erfolg. In den späten achtziger Jahren des 19. Jahrhunderts kaufte der Student und Bohemien Haakon Nyhuus eine einfache Fahrkarte in die USA. Zufällig bot man ihm eine Arbeit in der Newberry Library in Chicago an, wo er William F. Poole kennen lernte, der von dem jungen Mann beeindruckt war und ihn als Leiter der Katalogabteilung der Chicago Public Library empfahl. Seine bibliothekarische Karriere dort war so kurz wie sein Aufenthalt in den USA. 1897 kehrte er nach Norwegen zurück und übernahm die Leitung der Stadtbibliothek von Oslo. Nyhuus wurde bald der bedeutendste Bibliotheksreformer, den es in Norwegen je gab. 1898 führte er die DDC in der Bibliothek ein. Nyhuus schätzte die DDC nicht besonders und bezeichnete sie als "alte Kutsche mit zehn Rädern, von denen einige ein wenig aus dem Gleichgewicht geraten und durch Kummer und Tränen abgenützt sind". Trotzdem ist es ihm zuzuschreiben, dass die DDC heute in allen öffentlichen Bibliotheken und einer großen Anzahl wissenschaftlicher Bibliotheken in Norwegen verwendet wird. Norwegen ist ein dünn bevölkertes Land mit etwa 4,5 Millionen Einwohnern. Die Bibliotheken sind meist klein und ihre Bestände eher begrenzt. Selbst wenn die großen Universitätsbibliotheken und Bibliotheken mit Spezialsammlungen dazu tendieren, die internationale Ausgabe in vier Bänden zu benutzen, betrachten die meisten Bibliotheken die Hilfstafeln als zu detailliert für ihre Zwecke. Es gibt einen großen Bedarf an Terminologie auf Norwegisch. Einige Subject Gateways und Nachweise sind entsprechend der DDC organisiert und die norwegische Ausgabe bildet eine wichtige Grundlage für die Bildung von Schlagwörtern. Deshalb ist es in Norwegen Tradition, jede zweite vollständige Ausgabe der DDC ins Norwegische zu übersetzen, zu kürzen und entsprechend dem nationalen Literaturaufkommen leicht anzupassen.
Content
Vortrag während der 69. IFLA General conference and Council, 1.-9.8.2003 in Berlin; Deutsche Fassung unter: http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla69/papers/122g trans-Knutsen.pdf
Theme
International bedeutende Universalklassifikationen
Object
DDC-22
Location
N

Similar documents (content)

  1. Hauer, M.: dandelon.com: 81.000 Anfragen pro Monat : 5. Benutzertreffen intelligentCAPTURE und dandelon.com in Neustadt/Weinstraße, Mai 2008 (2008) 0.15
    0.14606114 = sum of:
      0.14606114 = product of:
        0.5216469 = sum of:
          0.011253204 = weight(abstract_txt:nach in 3942) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011253204 = score(doc=3942,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.05492004 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.3712344 = idf(docFreq=1467, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.2049016 = fieldWeight in 3942, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3712344 = idf(docFreq=1467, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3942)
          0.015459947 = weight(abstract_txt:ihre in 3942) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015459947 = score(doc=3942,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.067871176 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1116735 = boost
                4.8593855 = idf(docFreq=900, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.2277837 = fieldWeight in 3942, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8593855 = idf(docFreq=900, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3942)
          0.015361186 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 3942) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015361186 = score(doc=3942,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.053639725 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2103848 = boost
                3.5272505 = idf(docFreq=3413, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.28637704 = fieldWeight in 3942, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.5272505 = idf(docFreq=3413, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3942)
          0.012391962 = weight(abstract_txt:sind in 3942) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012391962 = score(doc=3942,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06704049 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3531588 = boost
                3.9433165 = idf(docFreq=2251, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.18484296 = fieldWeight in 3942, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9433165 = idf(docFreq=2251, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3942)
          0.0607839 = weight(abstract_txt:ausgabe in 3942) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0607839 = score(doc=3942,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19353946 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2991376 = boost
                6.700046 = idf(docFreq=142, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.31406465 = fieldWeight in 3942, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.700046 = idf(docFreq=142, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3942)
          0.050641935 = weight(abstract_txt:bibliotheken in 3942) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050641935 = score(doc=3942,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16125886 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7093577 = boost
                4.737295 = idf(docFreq=1017, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.31404126 = fieldWeight in 3942, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.737295 = idf(docFreq=1017, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3942)
          0.3557548 = weight(abstract_txt:norwegen in 3942) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3557548 = score(doc=3942,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.7919315 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.577169 = boost
                9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.44922417 = fieldWeight in 3942, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3942)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Kürschners Deutscher Gelehrten-Kalender 2003 : Bio-bibliographisches Verzeichnis deutschsprachiger Wissenschaftler der Gegenwart. 3 Bde.: Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften - Medizin - Naturwissenschaften - Technik (2002) 0.08
    0.083648495 = sum of:
      0.083648495 = product of:
        0.34853542 = sum of:
          0.021219246 = weight(abstract_txt:nach in 2224) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021219246 = score(doc=2224,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.05492004 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.3712344 = idf(docFreq=1467, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.3863662 = fieldWeight in 2224, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.3712344 = idf(docFreq=1467, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2224)
          0.060638107 = weight(abstract_txt:bänden in 2224) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.060638107 = score(doc=2224,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11059648 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0034373 = boost
                8.772519 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.54828244 = fieldWeight in 2224, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.772519 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2224)
          0.06449801 = weight(abstract_txt:bedeutendste in 2224) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06449801 = score(doc=2224,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11524137 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.024292 = boost
                8.954841 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.55967754 = fieldWeight in 2224, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.954841 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2224)
          0.016723141 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 2224) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016723141 = score(doc=2224,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.053639725 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2103848 = boost
                3.5272505 = idf(docFreq=3413, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.31176785 = fieldWeight in 2224, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5272505 = idf(docFreq=3413, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2224)
          0.023366507 = weight(abstract_txt:sind in 2224) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023366507 = score(doc=2224,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06704049 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3531588 = boost
                3.9433165 = idf(docFreq=2251, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.34854323 = fieldWeight in 2224, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9433165 = idf(docFreq=2251, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2224)
          0.1620904 = weight(abstract_txt:ausgabe in 2224) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1620904 = score(doc=2224,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.19353946 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2991376 = boost
                6.700046 = idf(docFreq=142, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.83750576 = fieldWeight in 2224, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.700046 = idf(docFreq=142, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2224)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Auer, J.: Bibliothekskooperation bei der Erschließung des Internet (1997) 0.08
    0.08331623 = sum of:
      0.08331623 = product of:
        0.41658112 = sum of:
          0.13200058 = weight(abstract_txt:karriere in 1216) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13200058 = score(doc=1216,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11702396 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0321836 = boost
                9.023833 = idf(docFreq=13, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              1.1279792 = fieldWeight in 1216, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.023833 = idf(docFreq=13, maxDocs=42740)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=1216)
          0.041226525 = weight(abstract_txt:ihre in 1216) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041226525 = score(doc=1216,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.067871176 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1116735 = boost
                4.8593855 = idf(docFreq=900, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.6074232 = fieldWeight in 1216, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8593855 = idf(docFreq=900, maxDocs=42740)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=1216)
          0.023650093 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 1216) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023650093 = score(doc=1216,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.053639725 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2103848 = boost
                3.5272505 = idf(docFreq=3413, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.44090632 = fieldWeight in 1216, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5272505 = idf(docFreq=3413, maxDocs=42740)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=1216)
          0.12421258 = weight(abstract_txt:entsprechend in 1216) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12421258 = score(doc=1216,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14158306 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6056105 = boost
                7.0185 = idf(docFreq=103, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.8773125 = fieldWeight in 1216, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.0185 = idf(docFreq=103, maxDocs=42740)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=1216)
          0.09549135 = weight(abstract_txt:bibliotheken in 1216) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09549135 = score(doc=1216,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16125886 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7093577 = boost
                4.737295 = idf(docFreq=1017, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.5921619 = fieldWeight in 1216, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.737295 = idf(docFreq=1017, maxDocs=42740)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=1216)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Goldschmitt, R.: Thinking beyond Digital Libraries - Designing the Information Strategy for the Next Decade : Bericht über die 7. Internationale Bielefeld Konferenz 2004 (2004) 0.08
    0.07923525 = sum of:
      0.07923525 = product of:
        0.39617622 = sum of:
          0.022314511 = weight(abstract_txt:ihre in 3354) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.022314511 = score(doc=3354,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.067871176 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1116735 = boost
                4.8593855 = idf(docFreq=900, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.32877743 = fieldWeight in 3354, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.8593855 = idf(docFreq=900, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3354)
          0.0073906546 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 3354) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0073906546 = score(doc=3354,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.053639725 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2103848 = boost
                3.5272505 = idf(docFreq=3413, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.13778323 = fieldWeight in 3354, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5272505 = idf(docFreq=3413, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3354)
          0.010326636 = weight(abstract_txt:sind in 3354) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.010326636 = score(doc=3354,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06704049 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3531588 = boost
                3.9433165 = idf(docFreq=2251, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.1540358 = fieldWeight in 3354, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9433165 = idf(docFreq=2251, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3354)
          0.059682097 = weight(abstract_txt:bibliotheken in 3354) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.059682097 = score(doc=3354,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.16125886 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7093577 = boost
                4.737295 = idf(docFreq=1017, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.37010118 = fieldWeight in 3354, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.737295 = idf(docFreq=1017, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3354)
          0.29646233 = weight(abstract_txt:norwegen in 3354) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.29646233 = score(doc=3354,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.7919315 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.577169 = boost
                9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.3743535 = fieldWeight in 3354, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3354)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  5. Ansorge, K.: Deutsche Nationalbibliographie 2004 (2003) 0.08
    0.075054005 = sum of:
      0.075054005 = product of:
        0.26805001 = sum of:
          0.018566841 = weight(abstract_txt:nach in 2797) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.018566841 = score(doc=2797,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.05492004 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.3712344 = idf(docFreq=1467, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.33807042 = fieldWeight in 2797, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.3712344 = idf(docFreq=1467, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2797)
          0.06917454 = weight(abstract_txt:übernahm in 2797) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06917454 = score(doc=2797,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13198858 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0961949 = boost
                9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.5240949 = fieldWeight in 2797, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2797)
          0.02550761 = weight(abstract_txt:ihre in 2797) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02550761 = score(doc=2797,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.067871176 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1116735 = boost
                4.8593855 = idf(docFreq=900, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.37582392 = fieldWeight in 2797, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.8593855 = idf(docFreq=900, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2797)
          0.010346916 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 2797) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.010346916 = score(doc=2797,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.053639725 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2103848 = boost
                3.5272505 = idf(docFreq=3413, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.19289652 = fieldWeight in 2797, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5272505 = idf(docFreq=3413, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2797)
          0.014457289 = weight(abstract_txt:sind in 2797) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014457289 = score(doc=2797,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06704049 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3531588 = boost
                3.9433165 = idf(docFreq=2251, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.21565011 = fieldWeight in 2797, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9433165 = idf(docFreq=2251, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2797)
          0.07091455 = weight(abstract_txt:ausgabe in 2797) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07091455 = score(doc=2797,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19353946 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2991376 = boost
                6.700046 = idf(docFreq=142, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.36640877 = fieldWeight in 2797, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.700046 = idf(docFreq=142, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2797)
          0.05908226 = weight(abstract_txt:bibliotheken in 2797) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05908226 = score(doc=2797,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16125886 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7093577 = boost
                4.737295 = idf(docFreq=1017, maxDocs=42740)
                0.012563966 = queryNorm
              0.36638147 = fieldWeight in 2797, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.737295 = idf(docFreq=1017, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2797)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)