Document (#26963)

Author
Kuhlen, R.
Title
Kommunikationsrechte - "impart" oder "r2c"?
Source
Information - Wissenschaft und Praxis. 54(2003) H.7, S.389-400
Year
2003
Abstract
Mit Referenz auf Art. 19 der Universal Declaration of Human Rights wurde vor gut 25 Jahren eine erbitterte Auseinandersetzung um das "right to communicate" (r2c) als zentraler Bestandteil einer "New World Information and Communication Order" (NWIKO) geführt, die sich heute, unter veränderten Rahmenbedingungen, aber mit ähnlicher politischer, ökonomischer und medialerRelevanz und Brisanz, auf dem Weg zum Weltgipfel zur Informationsgesellschaft (WSIS) wiederholt. Erneut geht es zwar auch um Meinungs-/Medien-/Pressefreiheit aber in erster Linie darum, wer in globaler Hinsicht die Organisationsformen bzw. den Umgang mit Wissen und Information dominieren kann. Es werden die wesentlichen Argumente des alten Streits um die NWIKO im Lichte der aktuellen Entwicklung des WSIS reinterpretiert und zwar aus politischer, medienpolitischer und menschenrechtlicher Sicht. Der Wechsel vom Distribu-tions- zum Interaktions- und Kommunikationsparadigma macht neue Formen medialer Öffentlichkeit, kooperativer Partizipation in der Wirtschaft aber auch kollaborativer Erarbeitung von Wissen und Information und dessen Verteilung möglich. Es wird die These aufgestellt, dass die derzeit von (großen Teilen aus) Politik, Wirtschaft und den Medien mit Vehemenz betriebene Abwehr von r2c als Bestandteil der offiziellen WSIS-Verlautbarungen in ersterLinie der Besitzstandswahrung dient. Es könnte so die Chance verpasst werden, über ein zugestandenes r2c den Weg für neue, elektronischen Umgebungen angemessene Produktions-, Verteil- und Nutzungsformen für den Umgang mit Wissen und Information zu öffnen. Informationsgesellschaften können sich erst dann zu inklusiven und nachhaltigen Gesellschaften entwickeln, wenn Kommunikationsrechte tatsächlich auch von allen zur Überwindung der verschiedenen Ausprägungen des Digital divide wahrgenommen werden können.'
Theme
Information
Rechtsfragen
Location
D

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