Document (#27505)

Author
Petrelli, D.
Beaulieu, M.
Sanderson, M.
Demetriou, G.
Herring, P.
Hansen, P.
Title
Observing users, designing clarity : a case study an the user-centered design of a cross-language information retrieval system
Source
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 55(2004) no.10, S.923-934
Year
2004
Abstract
This report presents a case study of the development of an interface for a novel and complex form of document retrieval: searching for texts written in foreign languages based on native language queries. Although the underlying technology for achieving such a search is relatively weIl understood, the appropriate interface design is not. A study involving users from the beginning of the design process is described, and it covers initial examination of user needs and tasks, preliminary design and testing of interface components, building, testing, and refining the interface, and, finally, conducting usability tests of the system. Lessons are learned at every stage of the process, leading to a much more informed view of how such an interface should be built.
Footnote
Beitrag innerhalb der special topic section des Heftes: "Document search interface design"
Theme
Multilinguale Probleme

Similar documents (author)

  1. Petrelli, D.; Levin, S.; Beaulieu, M.; Sanderson, M.: Which user interaction for cross-language information retrieval? : design issues and reflections (2006) 1.22
    1.2184384 = sum of:
      1.2184384 = product of:
        2.4368768 = sum of:
          1.076071 = weight(author_txt:beaulieu in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.076071 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.43345538 = queryWeight, product of:
                7.9441333 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=43556)
                0.054562952 = queryNorm
              2.4825416 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.9441333 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=43556)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          1.3608057 = weight(author_txt:sanderson in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.3608057 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.50689095 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0813968 = boost
                8.59076 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43556)
                0.054562952 = queryNorm
              2.6846125 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.59076 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43556)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
        0.5 = coord(2/4)
    
  2. Herring, J.E.: Seeking convergence : educating the information manager (1994) 0.81
    0.81321675 = sum of:
      0.81321675 = product of:
        3.252867 = sum of:
          3.252867 = weight(author_txt:herring in 1063) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.252867 = score(doc=1063,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5708754 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1476209 = boost
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.054562952 = queryNorm
              5.6980333 = fieldWeight in 1063, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1063)
        0.25 = coord(1/4)
    
  3. Herring, S.C.: Computer-mediated communication : linguistic, social, and cross-cultural perspectives (1996) 0.81
    0.81321675 = sum of:
      0.81321675 = product of:
        3.252867 = sum of:
          3.252867 = weight(author_txt:herring in 4340) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.252867 = score(doc=4340,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5708754 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1476209 = boost
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.054562952 = queryNorm
              5.6980333 = fieldWeight in 4340, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4340)
        0.25 = coord(1/4)
    
  4. Herring, S.D.: ¬The value of interdisciplinarity : a study based on the design of Internet search engines (1999) 0.81
    0.81321675 = sum of:
      0.81321675 = product of:
        3.252867 = sum of:
          3.252867 = weight(author_txt:herring in 4456) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.252867 = score(doc=4456,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5708754 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1476209 = boost
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.054562952 = queryNorm
              5.6980333 = fieldWeight in 4456, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4456)
        0.25 = coord(1/4)
    
  5. Herring, S.C.: Computer-mediated communication on the Internet (2002) 0.81
    0.81321675 = sum of:
      0.81321675 = product of:
        3.252867 = sum of:
          3.252867 = weight(author_txt:herring in 321) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.252867 = score(doc=321,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5708754 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1476209 = boost
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.054562952 = queryNorm
              5.6980333 = fieldWeight in 321, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=321)
        0.25 = coord(1/4)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Petrelli, D.; Levin, S.; Beaulieu, M.; Sanderson, M.: Which user interaction for cross-language information retrieval? : design issues and reflections (2006) 0.92
    0.9205361 = sum of:
      0.9205361 = product of:
        1.4383377 = sum of:
          0.08612769 = weight(abstract_txt:learned in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08612769 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16718228 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0425266 = boost
                6.5942063 = idf(docFreq=161, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.51517236 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5942063 = idf(docFreq=161, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.032406636 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032406636 = score(doc=51,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08713334 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0643861 = boost
                3.3662362 = idf(docFreq=4086, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.37192005 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.3662362 = idf(docFreq=4086, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.092564456 = weight(abstract_txt:informed in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.092564456 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17541143 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0678763 = boost
                6.754549 = idf(docFreq=137, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5276991 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.754549 = idf(docFreq=137, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.024456717 = weight(abstract_txt:such in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024456717 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09099911 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0877413 = boost
                3.4400995 = idf(docFreq=3795, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.26875776 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4400995 = idf(docFreq=3795, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.04361955 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04361955 = score(doc=51,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.092793755 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0984149 = boost
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.4700699 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.1022041 = weight(abstract_txt:lessons in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1022041 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18738748 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1037287 = boost
                6.9813223 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5454158 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.9813223 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.10644743 = weight(abstract_txt:achieving in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10644743 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1925389 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.118797 = boost
                7.0766325 = idf(docFreq=99, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5528619 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.0766325 = idf(docFreq=99, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.027378583 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027378583 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09810979 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1294401 = boost
                3.5719764 = idf(docFreq=3326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.27906066 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5719764 = idf(docFreq=3326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.11025464 = weight(abstract_txt:foreign in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11025464 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19710287 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1319793 = boost
                7.160014 = idf(docFreq=91, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5593761 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.160014 = idf(docFreq=91, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.05188794 = weight(abstract_txt:user in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05188794 = score(doc=51,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.10417789 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1638441 = boost
                3.6807828 = idf(docFreq=2983, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.49807054 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.6807828 = idf(docFreq=2983, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.12709443 = weight(abstract_txt:native in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12709443 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2166936 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1869025 = boost
                7.5074153 = idf(docFreq=64, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5865168 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.5074153 = idf(docFreq=64, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.1357689 = weight(abstract_txt:clarity in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1357689 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22644456 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2133133 = boost
                7.6744695 = idf(docFreq=54, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.59956795 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.6744695 = idf(docFreq=54, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.040338326 = weight(abstract_txt:process in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040338326 = score(doc=51,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12703311 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2851845 = boost
                4.064535 = idf(docFreq=2032, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.3175418 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.064535 = idf(docFreq=2032, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.08839062 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08839062 = score(doc=51,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.13500686 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3249056 = boost
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.6547121 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.1261391 = weight(abstract_txt:design in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1261391 = score(doc=51,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.2373055 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4841392 = boost
                3.9281793 = idf(docFreq=2329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5315473 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.9281793 = idf(docFreq=2329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
          0.2432586 = weight(abstract_txt:interface in 51) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2432586 = score(doc=51,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.45337114 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8388748 = boost
                4.856343 = idf(docFreq=920, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5365551 = fieldWeight in 51, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.856343 = idf(docFreq=920, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=51)
        0.64 = coord(16/25)
    
  2. Troll, D.A.: Designing the gateway interface : tips and techniques from Carnegie Mellon's experience (1994) 0.34
    0.34014353 = sum of:
      0.34014353 = product of:
        1.2147983 = sum of:
          0.120578766 = weight(abstract_txt:learned in 3728) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.120578766 = score(doc=3728,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16718228 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0425266 = boost
                6.5942063 = idf(docFreq=161, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.7212413 = fieldWeight in 3728, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5942063 = idf(docFreq=161, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3728)
          0.032080937 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 3728) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032080937 = score(doc=3728,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08713334 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0643861 = boost
                3.3662362 = idf(docFreq=4086, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.3681821 = fieldWeight in 3728, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.3662362 = idf(docFreq=4086, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3728)
          0.049861297 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 3728) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.049861297 = score(doc=3728,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.092793755 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0984149 = boost
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5373346 = fieldWeight in 3728, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3728)
          0.14308573 = weight(abstract_txt:lessons in 3728) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14308573 = score(doc=3728,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18738748 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1037287 = boost
                6.9813223 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.7635821 = fieldWeight in 3728, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.9813223 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3728)
          0.102732874 = weight(abstract_txt:user in 3728) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.102732874 = score(doc=3728,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.10417789 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1638441 = boost
                3.6807828 = idf(docFreq=2983, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.98612934 = fieldWeight in 3728, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                3.6807828 = idf(docFreq=2983, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3728)
          0.22798286 = weight(abstract_txt:design in 3728) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22798286 = score(doc=3728,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.2373055 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4841392 = boost
                3.9281793 = idf(docFreq=2329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.9607146 = fieldWeight in 3728, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.9281793 = idf(docFreq=2329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3728)
          0.5384759 = weight(abstract_txt:interface in 3728) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5384759 = score(doc=3728,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.45337114 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8388748 = boost
                4.856343 = idf(docFreq=920, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              1.1877154 = fieldWeight in 3728, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                4.856343 = idf(docFreq=920, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3728)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Hu, X.; Lee, J.H.; Bainbridge, D.; Choi, K.; Organisciak, P.; Downie, J.S.: ¬The MIREX grand challenge : a framework of holistic user-experience evaluation in music information retrieval (2017) 0.30
    0.2987815 = sum of:
      0.2987815 = product of:
        0.7469538 = sum of:
          0.08612769 = weight(abstract_txt:learned in 319) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08612769 = score(doc=319,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16718228 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0425266 = boost
                6.5942063 = idf(docFreq=161, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.51517236 = fieldWeight in 319, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5942063 = idf(docFreq=161, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=319)
          0.032406636 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 319) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032406636 = score(doc=319,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08713334 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0643861 = boost
                3.3662362 = idf(docFreq=4086, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.37192005 = fieldWeight in 319, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.3662362 = idf(docFreq=4086, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=319)
          0.024456717 = weight(abstract_txt:such in 319) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024456717 = score(doc=319,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09099911 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0877413 = boost
                3.4400995 = idf(docFreq=3795, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.26875776 = fieldWeight in 319, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4400995 = idf(docFreq=3795, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=319)
          0.14022169 = weight(abstract_txt:centered in 319) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14022169 = score(doc=319,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1836377 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0926296 = boost
                6.911118 = idf(docFreq=117, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.7635779 = fieldWeight in 319, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.911118 = idf(docFreq=117, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=319)
          0.03561521 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 319) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03561521 = score(doc=319,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.092793755 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0984149 = boost
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.38381043 = fieldWeight in 319, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4738557 = idf(docFreq=3669, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=319)
          0.1022041 = weight(abstract_txt:lessons in 319) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1022041 = score(doc=319,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18738748 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1037287 = boost
                6.9813223 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5454158 = fieldWeight in 319, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.9813223 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=319)
          0.038719162 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 319) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.038719162 = score(doc=319,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09810979 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1294401 = boost
                3.5719764 = idf(docFreq=3326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.39465135 = fieldWeight in 319, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5719764 = idf(docFreq=3326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=319)
          0.042366326 = weight(abstract_txt:user in 319) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042366326 = score(doc=319,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10417789 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1638441 = boost
                3.6807828 = idf(docFreq=2983, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.4066729 = fieldWeight in 319, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.6807828 = idf(docFreq=2983, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=319)
          0.07282645 = weight(abstract_txt:design in 319) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07282645 = score(doc=319,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2373055 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4841392 = boost
                3.9281793 = idf(docFreq=2329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.306889 = fieldWeight in 319, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9281793 = idf(docFreq=2329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=319)
          0.17200981 = weight(abstract_txt:interface in 319) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17200981 = score(doc=319,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.45337114 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8388748 = boost
                4.856343 = idf(docFreq=920, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.37940177 = fieldWeight in 319, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.856343 = idf(docFreq=920, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=319)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)
    
  4. Ju, B.; Gluck, M.: User-Process Model Approach to Improve User Interface Usability (2005) 0.27
    0.27305302 = sum of:
      0.27305302 = product of:
        0.7584806 = sum of:
          0.018331964 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 4260) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.018331964 = score(doc=4260,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08713334 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0643861 = boost
                3.3662362 = idf(docFreq=4086, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.21038976 = fieldWeight in 4260, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.3662362 = idf(docFreq=4086, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4260)
          0.027669616 = weight(abstract_txt:such in 4260) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027669616 = score(doc=4260,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09099911 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0877413 = boost
                3.4400995 = idf(docFreq=3795, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.3040647 = fieldWeight in 4260, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4400995 = idf(docFreq=3795, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4260)
          0.043805733 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 4260) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043805733 = score(doc=4260,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.09810979 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1294401 = boost
                3.5719764 = idf(docFreq=3326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.44649705 = fieldWeight in 4260, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.5719764 = idf(docFreq=3326, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4260)
          0.05358963 = weight(abstract_txt:user in 4260) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05358963 = score(doc=4260,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.10417789 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1638441 = boost
                3.6807828 = idf(docFreq=2983, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.514405 = fieldWeight in 4260, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.6807828 = idf(docFreq=2983, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4260)
          0.06454132 = weight(abstract_txt:process in 4260) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06454132 = score(doc=4260,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.12703311 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2851845 = boost
                4.064535 = idf(docFreq=2032, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5080669 = fieldWeight in 4260, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.064535 = idf(docFreq=2032, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4260)
          0.050937645 = weight(abstract_txt:study in 4260) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050937645 = score(doc=4260,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.13668713 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6327379 = boost
                3.4424734 = idf(docFreq=3786, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.37265867 = fieldWeight in 4260, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.4424734 = idf(docFreq=3786, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4260)
          0.16612783 = weight(abstract_txt:testing in 4260) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16612783 = score(doc=4260,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.3006053 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9769939 = boost
                6.252457 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5526444 = fieldWeight in 4260, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.252457 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4260)
          0.05826116 = weight(abstract_txt:design in 4260) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05826116 = score(doc=4260,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2373055 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4841392 = boost
                3.9281793 = idf(docFreq=2329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.2455112 = fieldWeight in 4260, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9281793 = idf(docFreq=2329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4260)
          0.27521572 = weight(abstract_txt:interface in 4260) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.27521572 = score(doc=4260,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.45337114 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8388748 = boost
                4.856343 = idf(docFreq=920, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.60704285 = fieldWeight in 4260, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.856343 = idf(docFreq=920, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4260)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  5. Dormann, C.: Self-explaining icons (1994) 0.20
    0.20358497 = sum of:
      0.20358497 = product of:
        0.72708917 = sum of:
          0.032080937 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 1165) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032080937 = score(doc=1165,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08713334 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0643861 = boost
                3.3662362 = idf(docFreq=4086, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.3681821 = fieldWeight in 1165, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.3662362 = idf(docFreq=4086, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1165)
          0.034239404 = weight(abstract_txt:such in 1165) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.034239404 = score(doc=1165,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09099911 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0877413 = boost
                3.4400995 = idf(docFreq=3795, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.37626088 = fieldWeight in 1165, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4400995 = idf(docFreq=3795, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1165)
          0.1543565 = weight(abstract_txt:foreign in 1165) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1543565 = score(doc=1165,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19710287 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1319793 = boost
                7.160014 = idf(docFreq=91, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.78312653 = fieldWeight in 1165, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.160014 = idf(docFreq=91, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1165)
          0.056473654 = weight(abstract_txt:process in 1165) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.056473654 = score(doc=1165,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12703311 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2851845 = boost
                4.064535 = idf(docFreq=2032, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.44455853 = fieldWeight in 1165, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.064535 = idf(docFreq=2032, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1165)
          0.10716794 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 1165) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10716794 = score(doc=1165,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.13500686 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3249056 = boost
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.79379624 = fieldWeight in 1165, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.1901574 = idf(docFreq=1792, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1165)
          0.10195703 = weight(abstract_txt:design in 1165) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10195703 = score(doc=1165,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2373055 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4841392 = boost
                3.9281793 = idf(docFreq=2329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.4296446 = fieldWeight in 1165, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9281793 = idf(docFreq=2329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1165)
          0.24081375 = weight(abstract_txt:interface in 1165) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24081375 = score(doc=1165,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.45337114 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8388748 = boost
                4.856343 = idf(docFreq=920, maxDocs=43556)
                0.024318712 = queryNorm
              0.5311625 = fieldWeight in 1165, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.856343 = idf(docFreq=920, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1165)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)