Document (#27926)

Author
Nohr, H.
Title
Wissensmanagement
Source
Grundlagen der praktischen Information und Dokumentation. 5., völlig neu gefaßte Ausgabe. 2 Bde. Hrsg. von R. Kuhlen, Th. Seeger u. D. Strauch. Begründet von Klaus Laisiepen, Ernst Lutterbeck, Karl-Heinrich Meyer-Uhlenried. Bd.1: Handbuch zur Einführung in die Informationswissenschaft und -praxis
Imprint
München : Saur
Year
2004
Pages
S.257-270
Abstract
Das Management von Wissen wird in Anbetracht veränderter Rahmenbedingungen wie der Entwicklung zu einer Informations- und Wissensgesellschaft, sich rasch vollziehender technologischer Entwicklungen sowie der globalen Vernetzung der Wirtschaftsbeziehungen und dem unmittelbaren Zugang zu weltweit vorhandenen Informationen zu einem zentralen Faktor für Unternehmen. Gerade in den letzten Jahren ist aufgrund rascher Entwicklungen vor allem im Bereich der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologie (Datenbanken, Wissensmanagement-Software, Internet und Intranet, Portaltechnologie) die Bedeutung der Ressource Wissen für Unternehmen erheblich gestiegen und damit der Bedarf an einem funktionierenden Wissensmanagement. Wir sprechen bereits von wissensintensiven Unternehmen", deren Wertschöpfung vor allem auf den vierten Produktionsfaktor Wissen zurückgeführt wird. Getrieben durch diese Entwicklungen ist den heutigen Ansätzen des Wissensmanagements eines gemeinsam: Es geht vorrangig um das Management des im Unternehmen bereits vorhandenen Wissens, um den Aufbau einer gemeinsamen und geteilten Wissensbasis. Im Mittelpunkt stehen Aspekte der Produktivitäts- und Effizienzsteigerung vorwiegend operativer Prozesse. Das Wissensmanagement ist ein Anliegen vieler Disziplinen. Relevante Beiträge stammen u.a. aus der Betriebswirtschafts- und Managementlehre (u.a. Strategisches Management, Organisationslehre, Human Resource), der Wirtschaftsinformatik, der Informatik, der Organisationspsychologie oder der Philosophie. Die Vielfalt der Sichtweisen sowie die vergleichsweise Neuheit des Themas sind verantwortlich dafür, dass wir keine allgemein akzeptierte Methodik präsentieren.

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