Document (#27960)

Author
Boos, M.
Title
Information in der Psychologie
Source
Grundlagen der praktischen Information und Dokumentation. 5., völlig neu gefaßte Ausgabe. 2 Bde. Hrsg. von R. Kuhlen, Th. Seeger u. D. Strauch. Begründet von Klaus Laisiepen, Ernst Lutterbeck, Karl-Heinrich Meyer-Uhlenried. Bd.1: Handbuch zur Einführung in die Informationswissenschaft und -praxis
Imprint
München : Saur
Year
2004
Pages
S.699-704
Abstract
Mit der sogenannten kognitiven Wende in der Psychologie in den 1970er Jahren wurde das behavioristische Modell der Psychologie durch das kognitive Modell abgelöst. Während der Behaviorismus davon ausging, dass Verhalten vollständig durch Umweltbedingungen bestimmt ist, und als methodisches Prinzip formulierte, dass nur das unmittelbar beobachtbare Verhalten Gegenstand der Psychologie sein dürfe, sind nach dem kognitiven Modell Kognitionen der Hauptgegenstand der Psychologie (Lit. 01). Unter Kognitionen werden alle Prozesse des Wahrnehmens, Urteilens, Erinnerns, Problemlösens und Entscheidens und die Strukturen des Gedächtnisses, z. B. Begriffe und Einstellungen, verstanden. Im kognitiven Modell wird menschliches Handeln nicht als direkte Reaktion auf den Input von Informationen aus der Umwelt angesehen. Zwischengeschaltet ist der aktive Prozess der Kognition bzw. Informationsverarbeitung, bei dem die Person die Umwelt aktiv nach jenen Informationen absucht, die sie beispielweise für eine Entscheidung braucht.
Theme
Information
Field
Psychologie

Similar documents (content)

  1. Rasch, T.: Verstehen abstrakter Sachverhalte : semantische Gestalten in der Konstruktion mentaler Modelle (2006) 0.17
    0.16901396 = sum of:
      0.16901396 = product of:
        0.84506977 = sum of:
          0.025351219 = weight(abstract_txt:nach in 2802) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025351219 = score(doc=2802,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07444896 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0800878 = boost
                4.358632 = idf(docFreq=1514, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.34051812 = fieldWeight in 2802, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.358632 = idf(docFreq=1514, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2802)
          0.028689992 = weight(abstract_txt:dass in 2802) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028689992 = score(doc=2802,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08084993 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1255624 = boost
                4.5421424 = idf(docFreq=1260, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.35485488 = fieldWeight in 2802, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.5421424 = idf(docFreq=1260, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2802)
          0.32272243 = weight(abstract_txt:kognitiven in 2802) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.32272243 = score(doc=2802,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.36877877 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9441392 = boost
                7.920603 = idf(docFreq=42, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.8751112 = fieldWeight in 2802, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.920603 = idf(docFreq=42, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2802)
          0.16903828 = weight(abstract_txt:modell in 2802) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16903828 = score(doc=2802,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.33229673 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2270656 = boost
                6.5113187 = idf(docFreq=175, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.5086968 = fieldWeight in 2802, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5113187 = idf(docFreq=175, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2802)
          0.2992678 = weight(abstract_txt:psychologie in 2802) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2992678 = score(doc=2802,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.52385694 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.5300827 = boost
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.57127774 = fieldWeight in 2802, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2802)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  2. Glowalla, U.: Information und Lernen (2004) 0.12
    0.124391 = sum of:
      0.124391 = product of:
        0.5182958 = sum of:
          0.065041 = weight(abstract_txt:informationsverarbeitung in 3963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.065041 = score(doc=3963,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12850328 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0033948 = boost
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.50614274 = fieldWeight in 3963, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3963)
          0.026644103 = weight(abstract_txt:durch in 3963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026644103 = score(doc=3963,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07087996 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0538808 = boost
                4.2528753 = idf(docFreq=1683, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.37590462 = fieldWeight in 3963, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.2528753 = idf(docFreq=1683, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3963)
          0.04590399 = weight(abstract_txt:dass in 3963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04590399 = score(doc=3963,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.08084993 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1255624 = boost
                4.5421424 = idf(docFreq=1260, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.5677678 = fieldWeight in 3963, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.5421424 = idf(docFreq=1260, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3963)
          0.042681254 = weight(abstract_txt:informationen in 3963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042681254 = score(doc=3963,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09703927 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2331148 = boost
                4.976164 = idf(docFreq=816, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.4398349 = fieldWeight in 3963, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.976164 = idf(docFreq=816, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3963)
          0.15546612 = weight(abstract_txt:umwelt in 3963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15546612 = score(doc=3963,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.22972763 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8973016 = boost
                7.656451 = idf(docFreq=55, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.67674106 = fieldWeight in 3963, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.656451 = idf(docFreq=55, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3963)
          0.18255939 = weight(abstract_txt:kognitiven in 3963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18255939 = score(doc=3963,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.36877877 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9441392 = boost
                7.920603 = idf(docFreq=42, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.49503767 = fieldWeight in 3963, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.920603 = idf(docFreq=42, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3963)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Keenan, J.P.: ¬Das Gesicht im Spiegel : Auf der Suche nach dem Ursprung des Bewusstseins (2005) 0.10
    0.09943863 = sum of:
      0.09943863 = product of:
        0.49719313 = sum of:
          0.023550285 = weight(abstract_txt:durch in 842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023550285 = score(doc=842,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07087996 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0538808 = boost
                4.2528753 = idf(docFreq=1683, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.3322559 = fieldWeight in 842, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2528753 = idf(docFreq=1683, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=842)
          0.025351219 = weight(abstract_txt:nach in 842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025351219 = score(doc=842,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07444896 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0800878 = boost
                4.358632 = idf(docFreq=1514, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.34051812 = fieldWeight in 842, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.358632 = idf(docFreq=1514, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=842)
          0.028689992 = weight(abstract_txt:dass in 842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028689992 = score(doc=842,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08084993 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1255624 = boost
                4.5421424 = idf(docFreq=1260, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.35485488 = fieldWeight in 842, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.5421424 = idf(docFreq=1260, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=842)
          0.12033384 = weight(abstract_txt:verhalten in 842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12033384 = score(doc=842,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2102735 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8151898 = boost
                7.3250937 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.57227296 = fieldWeight in 842, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3250937 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=842)
          0.2992678 = weight(abstract_txt:psychologie in 842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2992678 = score(doc=842,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.52385694 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.5300827 = boost
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.57127774 = fieldWeight in 842, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=842)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Bauer, G.: Graphische Darstellung interdisziplinärer Wissensstrukturen (2004) 0.10
    0.096215345 = sum of:
      0.096215345 = product of:
        0.6013459 = sum of:
          0.033305127 = weight(abstract_txt:durch in 4156) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.033305127 = score(doc=4156,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07087996 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0538808 = boost
                4.2528753 = idf(docFreq=1683, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.46988076 = fieldWeight in 4156, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.2528753 = idf(docFreq=1683, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4156)
          0.040573776 = weight(abstract_txt:dass in 4156) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040573776 = score(doc=4156,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08084993 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1255624 = boost
                4.5421424 = idf(docFreq=1260, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.5018406 = fieldWeight in 4156, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.5421424 = idf(docFreq=1260, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4156)
          0.22819921 = weight(abstract_txt:kognitiven in 4156) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22819921 = score(doc=4156,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.36877877 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9441392 = boost
                7.920603 = idf(docFreq=42, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.61879706 = fieldWeight in 4156, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.920603 = idf(docFreq=42, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4156)
          0.2992678 = weight(abstract_txt:psychologie in 4156) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2992678 = score(doc=4156,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.52385694 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.5300827 = boost
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.57127774 = fieldWeight in 4156, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.312355 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4156)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  5. Gödert, W.; Lepsky, K.: Rezeption externalisierten Wissens : ein konstruktivistisches Modell auf der Basis von Poppers Drei Welten und Searles Kollektiver Intentionalität (2018) 0.09
    0.09215752 = sum of:
      0.09215752 = product of:
        0.7679794 = sum of:
          0.11382175 = weight(abstract_txt:informationsverarbeitung in 2138) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11382175 = score(doc=2138,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12850328 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0033948 = boost
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.8857498 = fieldWeight in 2138, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.098284 = idf(docFreq=35, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2138)
          0.31947893 = weight(abstract_txt:kognitiven in 2138) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.31947893 = score(doc=2138,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.36877877 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9441392 = boost
                7.920603 = idf(docFreq=42, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              0.86631596 = fieldWeight in 2138, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.920603 = idf(docFreq=42, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2138)
          0.33467868 = weight(abstract_txt:modell in 2138) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.33467868 = score(doc=2138,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.33229673 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2270656 = boost
                6.5113187 = idf(docFreq=175, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015814276 = queryNorm
              1.0071682 = fieldWeight in 2138, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.5113187 = idf(docFreq=175, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2138)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)