Document (#28205)

Author
Hofmann, S.
Title
Chipcard statt Schalterhalle : Die digitale Signatur tritt gleichberechtigt neben die Unterschrift per Hand - Die Chancen sind vielfältig
Source
Bergische Landeszeitung. Nr.40 vom 16.2.2001, S.
Year
2001
Abstract
Nach dem Ja des Bundestages zur digitalen Signatur ist die Unterschrift per Hand nicht mehr die einzige Form. Nicht nur viele Behördengänge, die nicht selten lange Wartezeiten bedeuteten, können in Zukunft per Computer und Internet erledigt werden
Content
Digitale und handschriftliche Signatur erfüllen zwar den selben Zweck - ein Dokument rechtlich verbindlich zu machen -, doch technisch haben sie nichts mehr miteinander zu tun. Statt den Namenszug unter ein Papier zu setzen, bedient sich der Online-Kunde einer Chipkarte, auf der seine persönlichen Daten gespeichert sind. Bei einer Transaktion, egal, ob beim elektronischen Einkauf oder einem virtuellen Behördengang, führt der Benutzer seine Karte in ein spezielles Kartenlesegerät ein, das an seinem Computer installiert ist. Der über das Internet versendete Text wird daraufhin mit der digitalen Kennung versehen. Ein Teil der Verschlüsselung ist öffentlich zugänglich, damit die Empfänger die Echtheit prüfen können. Der andere Teil bleibt Privatgeheimnis des Nutzers. Vergeben und überwacht werden die elektronischen Schlüssel von lizensierten Zertifizierungsstellen. Genehmigungen für diese Trustcenter erteilt die Regulierungsbehörde für Post- und Telekommunikation. Das gestern im Bundestag beschlossene Gesetz zur Neuregelung der Sicherheitsbestimmungen bei digitalen Unterschriften könnte nach Meinung von Matthias Robben vom Forschungsinstitut für Telekommunikation zu einer größeren Verbreitung der virtuellen Signatur führen. Denn noch sei diese "wegen der hohen Auflagen zu teuer". Das neue Gesetz lockere nun die strengen Bestimmungen für Trustcenter zum Vorteil der Kunden. Ein Sicherheitsproblem sieht Robben dabei nicht. Denn die Sicherheitsstandards seien mehr als ausreichend. "Man bräuchte schon ein kleines Rechenzentrum, um die Codes der digitalen Unterschrift zu knacken." Mit dem neuen Gesetz sind die Vorgaben der EU-Richtlinie für E-Commerce erfüllt. Konkret regelt es aber nur die "Sicherheitsinfrastruktur" für Online-Unterschriften. Die eigentliche Rechtswirkung soll noch separat in einem Gesetzentwurf zur Anpassung des Privatrechts an den modernen Rechtsgeschäftsverkehr festgezurrt werden
Theme
Internet

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