Document (#29917)

Author
Spink, A.
Cole, C.
Title
Human information behavior : integrating diverse approaches and information use
Source
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 57(2006) no.1, S.25-35
Year
2006
Abstract
For millennia humans have sought, organized, and used information as they learned and evolved patterns of human information behaviors to resolve their human problems and survive. However, despite the current focus an living in an "information age," we have a limited evolutionary understanding of human information behavior. In this article the authors examine the current three interdisciplinary approaches to conceptualizing how humans have sought information including (a) the everyday life information seeking-sense-making approach, (b) the information foraging approach, and (c) the problem-solution perspective an information seeking approach. In addition, due to the lack of clarity regarding the rote of information use in information behavior, a fourth information approach is provided based an a theory of information use. The use theory proposed starts from an evolutionary psychology notion that humans are able to adapt to their environment and survive because of our modular cognitive architecture. Finally, the authors begin the process of conceptualizing these diverse approaches, and the various aspects or elements of these approaches, within an integrated model with consideration of information use. An initial integrated model of these different approaches with information use is proposed.
Theme
Suchtaktik
Information
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft

Similar documents (author)

  1. Spink, A.; Cole, C.: Introduction (2004) 5.27
    5.2674656 = sum of:
      5.2674656 = sum of:
        2.494708 = weight(author_txt:spink in 4390) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.494708 = score(doc=4390,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.6817878 = queryWeight, product of:
              7.318136 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43254)
              0.09316413 = queryNorm
            3.659068 = fieldWeight in 4390, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.318136 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43254)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=4390)
        2.7727578 = weight(author_txt:cole in 4390) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.7727578 = score(doc=4390,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.73155004 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.0358512 = boost
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.09316413 = queryNorm
            3.7902503 = fieldWeight in 4390, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=4390)
    
  2. Spink, A.; Cole, C.: New directions in cognitive information retrieval : conclusion and further research (2005) 5.27
    5.2674656 = sum of:
      5.2674656 = sum of:
        2.494708 = weight(author_txt:spink in 1763) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.494708 = score(doc=1763,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.6817878 = queryWeight, product of:
              7.318136 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43254)
              0.09316413 = queryNorm
            3.659068 = fieldWeight in 1763, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.318136 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43254)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1763)
        2.7727578 = weight(author_txt:cole in 1763) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.7727578 = score(doc=1763,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.73155004 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.0358512 = boost
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.09316413 = queryNorm
            3.7902503 = fieldWeight in 1763, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1763)
    
  3. Spink, A.; Cole, C.: ¬A multitasking framework for cognitive information retrieval (2005) 5.27
    5.2674656 = sum of:
      5.2674656 = sum of:
        2.494708 = weight(author_txt:spink in 1768) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.494708 = score(doc=1768,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.6817878 = queryWeight, product of:
              7.318136 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43254)
              0.09316413 = queryNorm
            3.659068 = fieldWeight in 1768, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.318136 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43254)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1768)
        2.7727578 = weight(author_txt:cole in 1768) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.7727578 = score(doc=1768,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.73155004 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.0358512 = boost
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.09316413 = queryNorm
            3.7902503 = fieldWeight in 1768, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1768)
    
  4. Spink, A.; Cole, C.: New directions in cognitive information retrieval : introduction (2005) 5.27
    5.2674656 = sum of:
      5.2674656 = sum of:
        2.494708 = weight(author_txt:spink in 1773) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.494708 = score(doc=1773,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.6817878 = queryWeight, product of:
              7.318136 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43254)
              0.09316413 = queryNorm
            3.659068 = fieldWeight in 1773, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.318136 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43254)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1773)
        2.7727578 = weight(author_txt:cole in 1773) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.7727578 = score(doc=1773,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.73155004 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.0358512 = boost
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.09316413 = queryNorm
            3.7902503 = fieldWeight in 1773, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1773)
    
  5. Spink, A.; Cole, C.: ¬A human information behavior approach to a philosophy of information (2004) 5.27
    5.2674656 = sum of:
      5.2674656 = sum of:
        2.494708 = weight(author_txt:spink in 1963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.494708 = score(doc=1963,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.6817878 = queryWeight, product of:
              7.318136 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43254)
              0.09316413 = queryNorm
            3.659068 = fieldWeight in 1963, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.318136 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=43254)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1963)
        2.7727578 = weight(author_txt:cole in 1963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.7727578 = score(doc=1963,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.73155004 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.0358512 = boost
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.09316413 = queryNorm
            3.7902503 = fieldWeight in 1963, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1963)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. New directions in human information behavior (2006) 0.33
    0.3302039 = sum of:
      0.3302039 = product of:
        0.917233 = sum of:
          0.014751709 = weight(abstract_txt:these in 2578) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014751709 = score(doc=2578,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07357706 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.239714 = boost
                3.2078931 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.20049332 = fieldWeight in 2578, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.2078931 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2578)
          0.046863925 = weight(abstract_txt:integrated in 2578) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.046863925 = score(doc=2578,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13890234 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3907832 = boost
                5.3982015 = idf(docFreq=531, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.3373876 = fieldWeight in 2578, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.3982015 = idf(docFreq=531, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2578)
          0.16779225 = weight(abstract_txt:evolutionary in 2578) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16779225 = score(doc=2578,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.258021 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8955367 = boost
                7.357357 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.6503046 = fieldWeight in 2578, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.357357 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2578)
          0.03156799 = weight(abstract_txt:approach in 2578) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03156799 = score(doc=2578,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13448022 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9353026 = boost
                3.7558525 = idf(docFreq=2748, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.23474078 = fieldWeight in 2578, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7558525 = idf(docFreq=2748, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2578)
          0.14539935 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 2578) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14539935 = score(doc=2578,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.19780283 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0326684 = boost
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.73507214 = fieldWeight in 2578, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2578)
          0.15367639 = weight(abstract_txt:human in 2578) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15367639 = score(doc=2578,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.21257627 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4331958 = boost
                4.7221165 = idf(docFreq=1045, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.7229235 = fieldWeight in 2578, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                4.7221165 = idf(docFreq=1045, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2578)
          0.15528618 = weight(abstract_txt:humans in 2578) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15528618 = score(doc=2578,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.35340232 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.716971 = boost
                7.030454 = idf(docFreq=103, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.43940338 = fieldWeight in 2578, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.030454 = idf(docFreq=103, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2578)
          0.07442412 = weight(abstract_txt:approaches in 2578) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07442412 = score(doc=2578,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25660962 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9888983 = boost
                4.640457 = idf(docFreq=1134, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.29002857 = fieldWeight in 2578, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.640457 = idf(docFreq=1134, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2578)
          0.1274711 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2578) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1274711 = score(doc=2578,freq=14.0), product of:
              0.22460131 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.0021396 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.5675439 = fieldWeight in 2578, product of:
                3.7416575 = tf(freq=14.0), with freq of:
                  14.0 = termFreq=14.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2578)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  2. Spink, A.; Park, M.: Information and non-information multitasking interplay (2005) 0.26
    0.2584696 = sum of:
      0.2584696 = product of:
        0.646174 = sum of:
          0.019176645 = weight(abstract_txt:model in 331) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019176645 = score(doc=331,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07655946 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0325334 = boost
                4.0076866 = idf(docFreq=2136, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.2504804 = fieldWeight in 331, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.0076866 = idf(docFreq=2136, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=331)
          0.029501045 = weight(abstract_txt:proposed in 331) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029501045 = score(doc=331,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.102025494 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1919527 = boost
                4.6264586 = idf(docFreq=1150, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.28915367 = fieldWeight in 331, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.6264586 = idf(docFreq=1150, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=331)
          0.014751709 = weight(abstract_txt:these in 331) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014751709 = score(doc=331,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07357706 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.239714 = boost
                3.2078931 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.20049332 = fieldWeight in 331, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.2078931 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=331)
          0.014992992 = weight(abstract_txt:have in 331) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014992992 = score(doc=331,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07437719 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2464366 = boost
                3.2252884 = idf(docFreq=4672, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.20158052 = fieldWeight in 331, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.2252884 = idf(docFreq=4672, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=331)
          0.039610807 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 331) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039610807 = score(doc=331,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12417274 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3149759 = boost
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.31899762 = fieldWeight in 331, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=331)
          0.03156799 = weight(abstract_txt:approach in 331) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03156799 = score(doc=331,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13448022 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9353026 = boost
                3.7558525 = idf(docFreq=2748, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.23474078 = fieldWeight in 331, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7558525 = idf(docFreq=2748, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=331)
          0.13004912 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 331) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13004912 = score(doc=331,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.19780283 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0326684 = boost
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.6574685 = fieldWeight in 331, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=331)
          0.06273812 = weight(abstract_txt:human in 331) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06273812 = score(doc=331,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21257627 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4331958 = boost
                4.7221165 = idf(docFreq=1045, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.29513228 = fieldWeight in 331, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7221165 = idf(docFreq=1045, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=331)
          0.15528618 = weight(abstract_txt:humans in 331) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15528618 = score(doc=331,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.35340232 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.716971 = boost
                7.030454 = idf(docFreq=103, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.43940338 = fieldWeight in 331, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.030454 = idf(docFreq=103, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=331)
          0.14849935 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 331) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14849935 = score(doc=331,freq=19.0), product of:
              0.22460131 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.0021396 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.6611687 = fieldWeight in 331, product of:
                4.358899 = tf(freq=19.0), with freq of:
                  19.0 = termFreq=19.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=331)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)
    
  3. Spink, A.; Currier, J.: Towards an evolutionary perspective for human information behavior : an exploratory study (2006) 0.25
    0.2516915 = sum of:
      0.2516915 = product of:
        0.7865359 = sum of:
          0.014751709 = weight(abstract_txt:these in 593) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014751709 = score(doc=593,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07357706 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.239714 = boost
                3.2078931 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.20049332 = fieldWeight in 593, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.2078931 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=593)
          0.039610807 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 593) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039610807 = score(doc=593,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12417274 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3149759 = boost
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.31899762 = fieldWeight in 593, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=593)
          0.09123109 = weight(abstract_txt:sought in 593) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09123109 = score(doc=593,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2165604 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7365775 = boost
                6.740371 = idf(docFreq=138, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.4212732 = fieldWeight in 593, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.740371 = idf(docFreq=138, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=593)
          0.23729408 = weight(abstract_txt:evolutionary in 593) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23729408 = score(doc=593,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.258021 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8955367 = boost
                7.357357 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.9196696 = fieldWeight in 593, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                7.357357 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=593)
          0.03156799 = weight(abstract_txt:approach in 593) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03156799 = score(doc=593,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13448022 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9353026 = boost
                3.7558525 = idf(docFreq=2748, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.23474078 = fieldWeight in 593, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7558525 = idf(docFreq=2748, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=593)
          0.14539935 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 593) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14539935 = score(doc=593,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.19780283 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0326684 = boost
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.73507214 = fieldWeight in 593, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=593)
          0.10866561 = weight(abstract_txt:human in 593) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10866561 = score(doc=593,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.21257627 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4331958 = boost
                4.7221165 = idf(docFreq=1045, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.5111841 = fieldWeight in 593, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.7221165 = idf(docFreq=1045, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=593)
          0.11801531 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 593) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11801531 = score(doc=593,freq=12.0), product of:
              0.22460131 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.0021396 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.52544355 = fieldWeight in 593, product of:
                3.4641016 = tf(freq=12.0), with freq of:
                  12.0 = termFreq=12.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=593)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  4. Spink, A.; Cole, C.: ¬A human information behavior approach to a philosophy of information (2004) 0.23
    0.23256673 = sum of:
      0.23256673 = product of:
        0.83059543 = sum of:
          0.10792733 = weight(abstract_txt:modular in 1963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10792733 = score(doc=1963,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14672379 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0107411 = boost
                7.846204 = idf(docFreq=45, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.73558164 = fieldWeight in 1963, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.846204 = idf(docFreq=45, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1963)
          0.17797056 = weight(abstract_txt:evolutionary in 1963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17797056 = score(doc=1963,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.258021 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8955367 = boost
                7.357357 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.6897522 = fieldWeight in 1963, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.357357 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1963)
          0.047351986 = weight(abstract_txt:approach in 1963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047351986 = score(doc=1963,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13448022 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9353026 = boost
                3.7558525 = idf(docFreq=2748, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.35211116 = fieldWeight in 1963, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7558525 = idf(docFreq=2748, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1963)
          0.09753684 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 1963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09753684 = score(doc=1963,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19780283 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0326684 = boost
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.49310136 = fieldWeight in 1963, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1963)
          0.16299841 = weight(abstract_txt:human in 1963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16299841 = score(doc=1963,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.21257627 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4331958 = boost
                4.7221165 = idf(docFreq=1045, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.76677614 = fieldWeight in 1963, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.7221165 = idf(docFreq=1045, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1963)
          0.111636184 = weight(abstract_txt:approaches in 1963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.111636184 = score(doc=1963,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25660962 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9888983 = boost
                4.640457 = idf(docFreq=1134, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.43504286 = fieldWeight in 1963, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.640457 = idf(docFreq=1134, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1963)
          0.12517415 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1963) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12517415 = score(doc=1963,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.22460131 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.0021396 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.5573171 = fieldWeight in 1963, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1963)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  5. Cole, C.: ¬A socio-cognitive framework for designing interactive IR systems : lessons from the Neanderthals (2008) 0.23
    0.22690885 = sum of:
      0.22690885 = product of:
        0.7090902 = sum of:
          0.027119871 = weight(abstract_txt:model in 4126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027119871 = score(doc=4126,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07655946 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0325334 = boost
                4.0076866 = idf(docFreq=2136, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.3542328 = fieldWeight in 4126, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.0076866 = idf(docFreq=2136, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4126)
          0.028385995 = weight(abstract_txt:theory in 4126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028385995 = score(doc=4126,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09943819 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1767421 = boost
                4.5674195 = idf(docFreq=1220, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.28546372 = fieldWeight in 4126, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.5674195 = idf(docFreq=1220, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4126)
          0.020862067 = weight(abstract_txt:these in 4126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020862067 = score(doc=4126,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07357706 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.239714 = boost
                3.2078931 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.28354037 = fieldWeight in 4126, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.2078931 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4126)
          0.014992992 = weight(abstract_txt:have in 4126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014992992 = score(doc=4126,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07437719 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2464366 = boost
                3.2252884 = idf(docFreq=4672, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.20158052 = fieldWeight in 4126, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.2252884 = idf(docFreq=4672, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4126)
          0.11864704 = weight(abstract_txt:evolutionary in 4126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11864704 = score(doc=4126,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.258021 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8955367 = boost
                7.357357 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.4598348 = fieldWeight in 4126, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.357357 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4126)
          0.17080879 = weight(abstract_txt:survive in 4126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17080879 = score(doc=4126,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.32897073 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1403427 = boost
                8.307549 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.51922184 = fieldWeight in 4126, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.307549 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4126)
          0.10866561 = weight(abstract_txt:human in 4126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10866561 = score(doc=4126,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.21257627 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4331958 = boost
                4.7221165 = idf(docFreq=1045, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.5111841 = fieldWeight in 4126, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.7221165 = idf(docFreq=1045, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4126)
          0.2196078 = weight(abstract_txt:humans in 4126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2196078 = score(doc=4126,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.35340232 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.716971 = boost
                7.030454 = idf(docFreq=103, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018501248 = queryNorm
              0.6214102 = fieldWeight in 4126, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.030454 = idf(docFreq=103, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4126)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)