Document (#30572)

Author
Lincicum, S.
Title
Critical appraisal of the use of classification in the future : non traditional uses of classification: report of a panel discussion
Source
Cataloging and classification quarterly. 21(1995) no.2, S.87-89
Year
1995
Abstract
Dagobert Soergel opened the discussion by saying, "Users need our help to find and make sense of information." He said that he believes that classification can provide much of the support users need. He sees little distinction between the concept of a thesaurus and that of classification since both seek to provide structure for knowledge bases in order to facilitate information retrieval. Soergel's discussion of his concept of a multifunctional, multilingual thesaurus comprised the bulk of his presentation. This thesaurus would be a database of concepts, terms, and relationships which would include classification. In this context, classification has a much broader set of functions than it currently does in most American libraries where classification serves primarily as a method of shelf arrangement. The thesaurus Soergel envisions would lay out the semantic map of a field and could therefore be used as a learning tool or as a basis for research planning, or to assist users in clarifying terms and concepts. It could support indexing and searching and provide for the organization of knowledge for expert systems and other artificial intelligence applications. Among its other features, such a thesaurus could assist users in making sense of information by providing structured presentation of search results based on user needs and preferences, and it could enhance natural language processing capabilities such as automated indexing and abstracting and machine translation.
Footnote
Paper presented at the 36th Allerton Institute, 23-25 Oct 94, Allerton Park, Monticello, IL: "New Roles for Classification in Libraries and Information Networks: Presentation and Reports"
Theme
Klassifikationssysteme im Online-Retrieval

Similar documents (content)

  1. Tudhope, D.; Binding, C.: Toward terminology services : experiences with a pilot Web service thesaurus browser (2006) 0.15
    0.1537491 = sum of:
      0.1537491 = product of:
        0.48046595 = sum of:
          0.026865175 = weight(abstract_txt:indexing in 3956) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026865175 = score(doc=3956,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09326831 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0664793 = boost
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.28804183 = fieldWeight in 3956, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3956)
          0.022111861 = weight(abstract_txt:concepts in 3956) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.022111861 = score(doc=3956,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.103205115 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1218531 = boost
                4.570701 = idf(docFreq=1216, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.21425161 = fieldWeight in 3956, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.570701 = idf(docFreq=1216, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3956)
          0.028562224 = weight(abstract_txt:much in 3956) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028562224 = score(doc=3956,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12240872 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2217759 = boost
                4.977811 = idf(docFreq=809, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.23333488 = fieldWeight in 3956, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.977811 = idf(docFreq=809, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3956)
          0.04668668 = weight(abstract_txt:presentation in 3956) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04668668 = score(doc=3956,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16985552 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4392135 = boost
                5.863704 = idf(docFreq=333, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.27486113 = fieldWeight in 3956, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.863704 = idf(docFreq=333, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3956)
          0.02280624 = weight(abstract_txt:provide in 3956) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02280624 = score(doc=3956,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.120600894 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.485273 = boost
                4.034241 = idf(docFreq=2080, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.18910506 = fieldWeight in 3956, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.034241 = idf(docFreq=2080, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3956)
          0.056862053 = weight(abstract_txt:would in 3956) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.056862053 = score(doc=3956,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.17600289 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7942829 = boost
                4.873562 = idf(docFreq=898, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.32307455 = fieldWeight in 3956, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.873562 = idf(docFreq=898, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3956)
          0.05081322 = weight(abstract_txt:could in 3956) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05081322 = score(doc=3956,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.226436 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3500285 = boost
                4.7872925 = idf(docFreq=979, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.22440434 = fieldWeight in 3956, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7872925 = idf(docFreq=979, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3956)
          0.2257585 = weight(abstract_txt:thesaurus in 3956) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2257585 = score(doc=3956,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.3296075 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1699612 = boost
                5.1660757 = idf(docFreq=670, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.68493134 = fieldWeight in 3956, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                5.1660757 = idf(docFreq=670, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3956)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  2. Soergel, D.: SemWeb: proposal for an open, multifunctional, multilingual system for integrated access to knowledge about concepts and terminology (1996) 0.15
    0.14737819 = sum of:
      0.14737819 = product of:
        0.5263507 = sum of:
          0.029482484 = weight(abstract_txt:concepts in 40) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029482484 = score(doc=40,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.103205115 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1218531 = boost
                4.570701 = idf(docFreq=1216, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.28566882 = fieldWeight in 40, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.570701 = idf(docFreq=1216, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=40)
          0.14216135 = weight(abstract_txt:multifunctional in 40) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14216135 = score(doc=40,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23379554 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1939565 = boost
                9.728935 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.60805845 = fieldWeight in 40, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.728935 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=40)
          0.03040832 = weight(abstract_txt:provide in 40) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03040832 = score(doc=40,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.120600894 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.485273 = boost
                4.034241 = idf(docFreq=2080, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.25214007 = fieldWeight in 40, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.034241 = idf(docFreq=2080, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=40)
          0.028113985 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 40) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028113985 = score(doc=40,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12597473 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7528393 = boost
                3.570746 = idf(docFreq=3307, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.22317162 = fieldWeight in 40, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.570746 = idf(docFreq=3307, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=40)
          0.1313173 = weight(abstract_txt:would in 40) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1313173 = score(doc=40,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.17600289 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7942829 = boost
                4.873562 = idf(docFreq=898, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.7461088 = fieldWeight in 40, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                4.873562 = idf(docFreq=898, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=40)
          0.095814325 = weight(abstract_txt:could in 40) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.095814325 = score(doc=40,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.226436 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3500285 = boost
                4.7872925 = idf(docFreq=979, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.42314085 = fieldWeight in 40, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.7872925 = idf(docFreq=979, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=40)
          0.069052905 = weight(abstract_txt:classification in 40) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.069052905 = score(doc=40,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.27635616 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4344246 = boost
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.24986924 = fieldWeight in 40, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=40)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Soergel, D.: SemWeb: Proposal for an Open, multifunctional, multilingual system for integrated access to knowledge about concepts and terminology : exploration and development of the concept (1996) 0.14
    0.14417456 = sum of:
      0.14417456 = product of:
        0.51490915 = sum of:
          0.029482484 = weight(abstract_txt:concepts in 41) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029482484 = score(doc=41,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.103205115 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1218531 = boost
                4.570701 = idf(docFreq=1216, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.28566882 = fieldWeight in 41, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.570701 = idf(docFreq=1216, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=41)
          0.14216135 = weight(abstract_txt:multifunctional in 41) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14216135 = score(doc=41,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23379554 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1939565 = boost
                9.728935 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.60805845 = fieldWeight in 41, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.728935 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=41)
          0.03040832 = weight(abstract_txt:provide in 41) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03040832 = score(doc=41,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.120600894 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.485273 = boost
                4.034241 = idf(docFreq=2080, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.25214007 = fieldWeight in 41, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.034241 = idf(docFreq=2080, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=41)
          0.028113985 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 41) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028113985 = score(doc=41,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12597473 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7528393 = boost
                3.570746 = idf(docFreq=3307, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.22317162 = fieldWeight in 41, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.570746 = idf(docFreq=3307, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=41)
          0.11987574 = weight(abstract_txt:would in 41) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11987574 = score(doc=41,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.17600289 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7942829 = boost
                4.873562 = idf(docFreq=898, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.68110096 = fieldWeight in 41, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                4.873562 = idf(docFreq=898, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=41)
          0.095814325 = weight(abstract_txt:could in 41) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.095814325 = score(doc=41,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.226436 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3500285 = boost
                4.7872925 = idf(docFreq=979, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.42314085 = fieldWeight in 41, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.7872925 = idf(docFreq=979, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=41)
          0.069052905 = weight(abstract_txt:classification in 41) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.069052905 = score(doc=41,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.27635616 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4344246 = boost
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.24986924 = fieldWeight in 41, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=41)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  4. Balakrishnan, U.; Voß, J.: ¬The Cocoda mapping tool (2015) 0.13
    0.13489656 = sum of:
      0.13489656 = product of:
        0.42155176 = sum of:
          0.01421707 = weight(abstract_txt:need in 206) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.01421707 = score(doc=206,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08681843 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0289431 = boost
                4.192163 = idf(docFreq=1776, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.16375637 = fieldWeight in 206, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.192163 = idf(docFreq=1776, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=206)
          0.015830457 = weight(abstract_txt:indexing in 206) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015830457 = score(doc=206,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09326831 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0664793 = boost
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.16973028 = fieldWeight in 206, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=206)
          0.017878484 = weight(abstract_txt:concept in 206) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017878484 = score(doc=206,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10114838 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1106184 = boost
                4.524928 = idf(docFreq=1273, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.17675501 = fieldWeight in 206, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.524928 = idf(docFreq=1273, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=206)
          0.018426552 = weight(abstract_txt:concepts in 206) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.018426552 = score(doc=206,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.103205115 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1218531 = boost
                4.570701 = idf(docFreq=1216, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.17854302 = fieldWeight in 206, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.570701 = idf(docFreq=1216, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=206)
          0.03890557 = weight(abstract_txt:presentation in 206) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03890557 = score(doc=206,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16985552 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4392135 = boost
                5.863704 = idf(docFreq=333, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.22905095 = fieldWeight in 206, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.863704 = idf(docFreq=333, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=206)
          0.03350629 = weight(abstract_txt:would in 206) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03350629 = score(doc=206,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17600289 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7942829 = boost
                4.873562 = idf(docFreq=898, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.19037351 = fieldWeight in 206, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.873562 = idf(docFreq=898, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=206)
          0.18628299 = weight(abstract_txt:soergel in 206) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18628299 = score(doc=206,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4825259 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.425748 = boost
                9.883085 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.38605803 = fieldWeight in 206, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.883085 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=206)
          0.096504375 = weight(abstract_txt:classification in 206) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.096504375 = score(doc=206,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.27635616 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4344246 = boost
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.3492029 = fieldWeight in 206, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=206)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  5. Schmitz-Esser, W.: Thesaurus and beyond : an advanced formula for linguistic engineering and information retrieval (1999) 0.13
    0.131807 = sum of:
      0.131807 = product of:
        0.5491958 = sum of:
          0.036853105 = weight(abstract_txt:concepts in 6117) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036853105 = score(doc=6117,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.103205115 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1218531 = boost
                4.570701 = idf(docFreq=1216, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.35708603 = fieldWeight in 6117, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.570701 = idf(docFreq=1216, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=6117)
          0.047603704 = weight(abstract_txt:much in 6117) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047603704 = score(doc=6117,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12240872 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2217759 = boost
                4.977811 = idf(docFreq=809, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.38889146 = fieldWeight in 6117, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.977811 = idf(docFreq=809, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=6117)
          0.038010396 = weight(abstract_txt:provide in 6117) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.038010396 = score(doc=6117,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.120600894 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.485273 = boost
                4.034241 = idf(docFreq=2080, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.3151751 = fieldWeight in 6117, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.034241 = idf(docFreq=2080, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=6117)
          0.11162613 = weight(abstract_txt:discussion in 6117) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11162613 = score(doc=6117,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.19629814 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8949122 = boost
                5.1468873 = idf(docFreq=683, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.5686561 = fieldWeight in 6117, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.1468873 = idf(docFreq=683, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=6117)
          0.0846887 = weight(abstract_txt:could in 6117) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0846887 = score(doc=6117,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.226436 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3500285 = boost
                4.7872925 = idf(docFreq=979, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.37400723 = fieldWeight in 6117, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7872925 = idf(docFreq=979, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=6117)
          0.23041381 = weight(abstract_txt:thesaurus in 6117) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23041381 = score(doc=6117,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.3296075 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1699612 = boost
                5.1660757 = idf(docFreq=670, maxDocs=43254)
                0.020127155 = queryNorm
              0.69905514 = fieldWeight in 6117, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.1660757 = idf(docFreq=670, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=6117)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)