Document (#30876)

Author
Semar, W.
Title
Kollaborative Leistungsevaluation beim Einsatz von Wissensmanagementsystemen in der Ausbildung
Source
Wissensorganisation und Verantwortung: Gesellschaftliche, ökonomische und technische Aspekte. Proceedings der 9. Tagung der Deutschen Sektion der Internationalen Gesellschaft für Wissensorganisation Duisburg, 5.-7. November 2004. Hrsg. von H.P. Ohly u.a
Imprint
Würzburg : Ergon Verlag
Year
2006
Pages
S.169-177
Series
Fortschritte in der Wissensorganisation; Bd.9
Abstract
Neue Formen der Aus- und Weiterbildung prägen derzeit die öffentliche und universitäre Diskussion. Im Kontext von Lehren und Lernen mit neuen Medien stellt die Förderung des kollaborativen, selbstgesteuerten Lernens ein zentrales Forschungsgebiet dar [Arnold 2003, S. 16; Mandl 2000, S. 3; Semar 2004a, S. 255]. Dabei hat sich gezeigt, dass eine aktive Förderung und Unterstützung der Systemteilnehmer notwendig ist, in der Regel geschieht dies, indem die einzelnen Akteure dazu aufgefordert werden, meist persönlich durch den Dozenten oder durch ein anderes Gruppenmitglied, bestimmte Tätigkeiten auszuführen. Zwar kann dadurch ein bestimmtes Verhalten in Lernumgebungen "erzwungen" werden, aber besser und erfolgreicher ist es, wenn die Akteure dazu motiviert werden können. Diese Motivation kann mittels entsprechender Anreizsysteme geschehen. Die Problematik liegt jedoch in der Ausgestaltung solcher Anreizsysteme [Schanz 1991, S. 23]. Wir wollen ein "Anreizsystem" darstellen, das aufgrund bestimmter Kennzahlen und deren Visualisierung den einzelnen Akteur so beeinflusst, dass seine intrinsische Motivation gefördert wird und daraus eine eigenständige, aktive Teilnahme am kollaborativen Wissenserarbeitungsprozess resultiert. Ein dem kollaborativen Ansatz angemessenes Anreizsystem mit starker reputativer Ausrichtung soll den gesamten Wissenserarbeitungsprozess unterstützen. Den Akteuren wird eine Aufgabe gestellt, die sie eigenständig als Gruppe lösen sollen. Individuelle Anreize animieren die Akteure bestimmte Leistungen zu erbringen, die dann mit Hilfe des Bewertungssystems bewertet werden. Das Ergebnis wirkt auf die Motivation der Akteure und veranlasst sie weiterhin mitzuarbeiten, bis die gestellte Aufgabe (zufriedenstellend) gelöst wurde. Dieses Anreizsystems ist seit dem Sommersemester 2005 Teil des Software-Systems K3, das in der studentischen Hochschulausbildung kollaboratives und verteiltes Erarbeiten von konzeptuellem Wissen über heterogene Ressourcen und moderierte elektronische Kommunikationsforen ermöglicht.
Theme
Computer Based Training
Field
Erziehungswissenschaft

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