Document (#31084)

Author
Chatzimarkakis, J.
Title
Sprache und Information in Europa
Source
Information und Sprache: Beiträge zu Informationswissenschaft, Computerlinguistik, Bibliothekswesen und verwandten Fächern. Festschrift für Harald H. Zimmermann. Herausgegeben von Ilse Harms, Heinz-Dirk Luckhardt und Hans W. Giessen
Imprint
München : Saur
Year
2006
Pages
S.229-233
Abstract
Sprache ist einer der wichtigsten Träger von Informationen. Europa ist reich an Informationen und somit auch reich an der Möglichkeit Informationen zu übertragen. Trotz aller verwandtschaftlichen Beziehungen gibt es wohl nicht die europäische Sprache, weil die Schnittmengen und Familienähnlichkeiten aller Sprachen in Europa gering sind. Sprache in Europa bedeutet die Vielfalt der Sprachen, die in Europa nebeneinander bestehen, zu bewahren. Europäisch sind nicht nur die Sprachen der Europäischen Union der 25 Mitgliedsstaaten, sondern auch die Sprachen der Beitritts- und Kandidatenländer; europäisch sind auch die Sprachen der 45 Länder, die im Europarat offiziell vertreten sind. Europäisch sind auch die vielen Dialekte, die bestimmten geographischen Bereichen gemeinsam sind. Sprachen in Europa haben viel zu tun mit Politik. Die Bewahrung der Verschiedenheit der Sprachen ist das Markenzeichen Europas. Die sprachliche Verschiedenheit ist europäische Gemeinsamkeit und Besonderheit im Vergleich zu anderen vergleichbaren Regionen in der Welt. Eine Sprache lernen heißt nicht nur, sie aussprechen können, Wörter dieser Sprache zu lernen und schreiben zu können. Dies ist der Anfang eines umfassenden Verständnisses für Sprache. Sprachen vermitteln auch kulturelle Werte. Sprachunterricht ist auch Kulturunterricht, so verstanden ist Sprachunterricht "europäisch". Sprachliche Vielfalt in Europa ist kulturelle Vielfalt. Die Bedeutung der Sprache für Mensch und Gesellschaft ist Ausgangspunkt der Überlegung, dass die Vielsprachigkeit eine besondere Fähigkeit der Europäer ist, die es zu bewahren gilt. Die verschiedenen Ansätze der EU zur Bewahrung der Sprachvielfalt soll hier dargestellt werden, um die Bedeutung von Sprache als Informations- und Kulturträger in Europa zu veranschaulichen.

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