Document (#31112)

Author
Heinz, M.
Title
Bemerkungen zur Entwicklung der Internationalität der Forschung : Bibliometrische Untersuchungen am SCI
Source
Vom Wandel der Wissensorganisation im Informationszeitalter: Festschrift für Walther Umstätter zum 65. Geburtstag, hrsg. von P. Hauke u. K. Umlauf
Imprint
Bad Honnef : Bock+Herchen
Year
2006
Pages
S.131-149
Series
Beiträge zur Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaft; 1
Abstract
In der Arbeit werden verschiedene Kennziffern zur Messung der Internationalität der Forschung untersucht. Die Grundlage bilden die Daten des Science Citation Index (SCI) von 1980 bis 2002 in der CD-ROM Version. Alle betrachteten Kennziffern weisen einen einheitlichen Gesamttrend in diesem Zeitraum auf der die Hypothese der Zunahme der Internationalität in der Forschung bestätigt. Zwei Kennziffern, der mittlere Anteil eines Landes an einem Artikel und die Diversität, gemessen durch die Shannonsche Entropie des Vektors der Anteile der Länder am SCI, zeigen eine charakteristische Verstärkung der Trends ab 1987, was für eine erhöhte Zunahme des Internationalisierungsprozesses der Forschung ab Mitte der 80er Jahre des vergangenen Jahrhunderts spricht. Darüber hinaus werden Zusammenhänge zwischen der ökonomischen Leistung eines Landes, seinem Anteil am SCI und seiner internationalen Forschungskooperation aufgezeigt.
Theme
Informetrie
Object
Science Citation Index

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