Document (#33044)

Author
Cacheda, F.
Plachouras, V.
Ounis, l.
Title
¬A case study of distributed information retrieval architectures to index one terabyte of text
Source
Information processing and management. 41(2005) no.5, S.1141-1162
Year
2005
Abstract
The increasing number of documents to be indexed in many environments (Web, intranets, digital libraries) and the limitations of a single centralised index (lack of scalability, server overloading and failures), lead to the use of distributed information retrieval systems to efficiently search and locate the desired information. This work is a case study of different architectures for a distributed information retrieval system, in order to provide a guide to approximate the optimal architecture with a specific set of resources. We analyse the effectiveness of a distributed, replicated and clustered architecture simulating a variable number of workstations (from 1 up to 4096). A collection of approximately 94 million documents and 1 terabyte (TB) of text is used to test the performance of the different architectures. In a purely distributed information retrieval system, the brokers become the bottleneck due to the high number of local answer sets to be sorted. In a replicated system, the network is the bottleneck due to the high number of query servers and the continuous data interchange with the brokers. Finally, we demonstrate that a clustered system will outperform a replicated system if a high number of query servers is used, essentially due to the reduction of the network load. However a change in the distribution of the users' queries could reduce the performance of a clustered system.

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