Document (#33623)

Author
Chomsky, N.
Title
Was für Lebewesen sind wir?
Issue
Aus dem Amerikanischen von Michael Schiffmann.
Imprint
Berlin : Suhrkamp
Year
2016
Pages
248 S
Isbn
978-3-518-58694-5
Abstract
Noam Chomsky gilt als der Begründer der modernen Linguistik und als einer der Gründerväter der Kognitionswissenschaften. Zugleich ist er einer der meistgelesenen politischen Denker der Welt. Dieses Buch ist die philosophische Summe seines Lebens: Erstmals führt er alle seine großen Themen zusammen und begibt sich auf die Suche nach dem Wesen des Menschen. Chomsky nimmt seinen Ausgang bei der Sprache. Diese ist für ihn ein angeborener Mechanismus, der ein keineswegs zwingendes Muster aufweist und unser Denken bestimmt. Wir alle denken gemäß diesem Muster - und daher können wir auch nur das wissen, was die menschliche Sprache zu denken erlaubt. Einige Geheimisse der Natur könnten uns deshalb für immer verborgen bleiben. Zugleich eröffnet die Sprache aber eine kreative Freiheit; uns ist ein Freiheitsinstinkt gegeben, der uns gegen Herrschaft aufbegehren und eine freie Entfaltung suchen lässt. In der libertären Tradition von Wilhelm von Humboldt, John Stuart Mill und Rudolf Rocker zeichnet uns Chomsky als anarchische Lebewesen, die nach einer Assoziation freier Menschen streben.
Footnote
Originaltitel: What kind of creatures are we? Rez. unter: https://www.spektrum.de/rezension/buchkritik-zu-was-fuer-lebewesen-sind-wir/1441496; https://www.perlentaucher.de/buch/noam-chomsky/was-fuer-lebewesen-sind-wir.html; https://www.zfphl.de/index.php/zfphl/article/view/149/255 (ausführlich und kritisch).
Field
Sprachwissenschaft
Philosophie
RSWK
Sprache / Sprachtheorie
Chomsky, Noam [1928-] / Mensch <Motiv>
BK
17.10 (Sprache in Beziehung zu anderen Bereichen der Wissenschaft und Kultur)
08.36 (Philosophische Anthropologie)
18.00 (Einzelne Sprachen und Literaturen allgemein)
DDC
401 / DDC22ger
100 / 23sdnb
400 / 23sdnb
GHBS
HMZ (E)
BEKC (PB)
HLK (SI)
RVK
CI 6392
CC 4800

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