Document (#34660)

Author
Shoffner, M.
Greenberg, J.
Kramer-Duffield, J.
Woodbury, D.
Title
Web 2.0 semantic systems : collaborative learning in science
Source
Metadata for semantic and social applications : proceedings of the International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, Berlin, 22 - 26 September 2008, DC 2008: Berlin, Germany / ed. by Jane Greenberg and Wolfgang Klas
Imprint
Göttingen : Univ.-Verl.
Year
2008
Pages
S.209-210
Abstract
The basic goal of education within a discipline is to transform a novice into an expert. This entails moving the novice toward the "semantic space" that the expert inhabits-the space of concepts, meanings, vocabularies, and other intellectual constructs that comprise the discipline. Metadata is significant to this goal in digitally mediated education environments. Encoding the experts' semantic space not only enables the sharing of semantics among discipline scientists, but also creates an environment that bridges the semantic gap between the common vocabulary of the novice and the granular descriptive language of the seasoned scientist (Greenberg, et al, 2005). Developments underlying the Semantic Web, where vocabularies are formalized in the Web Ontology Language (OWL), and Web 2.0 approaches of user-generated folksonomies provide an infrastructure for linking vocabulary systems and promoting group learning via metadata literacy. Group learning is a pedagogical approach to teaching that harnesses the phenomenon of "collective intelligence" to increase learning by means of collaboration. Learning a new semantic system can be daunting for a novice, and yet it is integral to advance one's knowledge in a discipline and retain interest. These ideas are key to the "BOT 2.0: Botany through Web 2.0, the Memex and Social Learning" project (Bot 2.0).72 Bot 2.0 is a collaboration involving the North Carolina Botanical Garden, the UNC SILS Metadata Research center, and the Renaissance Computing Institute (RENCI). Bot 2.0 presents a curriculum utilizing a memex as a way for students to link and share digital information, working asynchronously in an environment beyond the traditional classroom. Our conception of a memex is not a centralized black box but rather a flexible, distributed framework that uses the most salient and easiest-to-use collaborative platforms (e.g., Facebook, Flickr, wiki and blog technology) for personal information management. By meeting students "where they live" digitally, we hope to attract students to the study of botanical science. A key aspect is to teach students scientific terminology and about the value of metadata, an inherent function in several of the technologies and in the instructional approach we are utilizing. This poster will report on a study examining the value of both folksonomies and taxonomies for post-secondary college students learning plant identification. Our data is drawn from a curriculum involving a virtual independent learning portion and a "BotCamp" weekend at UNC, where students work with digital plan specimens that they have captured. Results provide some insight into the importance of collaboration and shared vocabulary for gaining confidence and for student progression from novice to expert in botany.
Footnote
Vgl. unter: http://dcpapers.dublincore.org/ojs/pubs/article/view/943/939.
Theme
Semantic Web

Similar documents (author)

  1. Kramer, R.: Fachinformationen im Internet (1995) 2.23
    2.2253196 = sum of:
      2.2253196 = product of:
        4.4506392 = sum of:
          4.4506392 = weight(author_txt:kramer in 2848) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.4506392 = score(doc=2848,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.77428544 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1061265 = boost
                9.196897 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43556)
                0.07611232 = queryNorm
              5.74806 = fieldWeight in 2848, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.196897 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2848)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  2. Kramer, E.H.: Why roving reference : a case study in a small academic library (1996) 2.23
    2.2253196 = sum of:
      2.2253196 = product of:
        4.4506392 = sum of:
          4.4506392 = weight(author_txt:kramer in 6601) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.4506392 = score(doc=6601,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.77428544 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1061265 = boost
                9.196897 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43556)
                0.07611232 = queryNorm
              5.74806 = fieldWeight in 6601, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.196897 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=6601)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  3. Kramer, A.: Datendetektive : Volltextsuchmaschinen trotzen dem Chaos auf der Festplatte (2004) 2.23
    2.2253196 = sum of:
      2.2253196 = product of:
        4.4506392 = sum of:
          4.4506392 = weight(author_txt:kramer in 3823) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.4506392 = score(doc=3823,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.77428544 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1061265 = boost
                9.196897 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43556)
                0.07611232 = queryNorm
              5.74806 = fieldWeight in 3823, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.196897 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3823)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  4. Kramer, A.: Falsche Fuffziger : Textplagiaten per Software auf der Spur (2004) 2.23
    2.2253196 = sum of:
      2.2253196 = product of:
        4.4506392 = sum of:
          4.4506392 = weight(author_txt:kramer in 4028) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.4506392 = score(doc=4028,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.77428544 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1061265 = boost
                9.196897 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43556)
                0.07611232 = queryNorm
              5.74806 = fieldWeight in 4028, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.196897 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4028)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  5. Kramer, A.: Such, Programm! : Elf kostenlose Desktop-Tools schnüffeln um die Wette (2005) 2.23
    2.2253196 = sum of:
      2.2253196 = product of:
        4.4506392 = sum of:
          4.4506392 = weight(author_txt:kramer in 558) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.4506392 = score(doc=558,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.77428544 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1061265 = boost
                9.196897 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43556)
                0.07611232 = queryNorm
              5.74806 = fieldWeight in 558, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.196897 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=558)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Hayman, S.; Lothian, N.: Taxonomy directed folksonomies : integrating user tagging and controlled vocabularies for Australian education networks (2007) 0.21
    0.20645876 = sum of:
      0.20645876 = product of:
        0.5161469 = sum of:
          0.05124119 = weight(abstract_txt:education in 2703) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05124119 = score(doc=2703,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.0816482 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0498769 = boost
                5.132152 = idf(docFreq=698, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.62758505 = fieldWeight in 2703, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.132152 = idf(docFreq=698, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2703)
          0.030097106 = weight(abstract_txt:goal in 2703) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030097106 = score(doc=2703,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09792051 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1497461 = boost
                5.6203456 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.30736265 = fieldWeight in 2703, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6203456 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2703)
          0.034352794 = weight(abstract_txt:collaborative in 2703) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.034352794 = score(doc=2703,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10694616 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2015662 = boost
                5.87366 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.32121578 = fieldWeight in 2703, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.87366 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2703)
          0.06170245 = weight(abstract_txt:vocabularies in 2703) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06170245 = score(doc=2703,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.10956831 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2162073 = boost
                5.9452305 = idf(docFreq=309, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.56314135 = fieldWeight in 2703, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.9452305 = idf(docFreq=309, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2703)
          0.026398785 = weight(abstract_txt:where in 2703) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026398785 = score(doc=2703,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1027094 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4421679 = boost
                4.699868 = idf(docFreq=1076, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.25702405 = fieldWeight in 2703, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.699868 = idf(docFreq=1076, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2703)
          0.009717181 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2703) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.009717181 = score(doc=2703,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.052753076 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.461671 = boost
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.18420123 = fieldWeight in 2703, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2703)
          0.13272153 = weight(abstract_txt:folksonomies in 2703) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13272153 = score(doc=2703,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.18257627 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5699552 = boost
                7.6744695 = idf(docFreq=54, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.7269375 = fieldWeight in 2703, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.6744695 = idf(docFreq=54, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2703)
          0.039259803 = weight(abstract_txt:vocabulary in 2703) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039259803 = score(doc=2703,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13381958 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6461544 = boost
                5.364638 = idf(docFreq=553, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.29337862 = fieldWeight in 2703, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.364638 = idf(docFreq=553, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2703)
          0.05635909 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 2703) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05635909 = score(doc=2703,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14876467 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.004149 = boost
                4.8984776 = idf(docFreq=882, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.37884727 = fieldWeight in 2703, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.8984776 = idf(docFreq=882, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2703)
          0.07429696 = weight(abstract_txt:learning in 2703) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07429696 = score(doc=2703,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28391686 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9155312 = boost
                4.7851086 = idf(docFreq=988, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.2616856 = fieldWeight in 2703, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7851086 = idf(docFreq=988, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2703)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)
    
  2. Stahl, G.: Group cognition : computer support for building collaborative knowledge (2006) 0.20
    0.19711512 = sum of:
      0.19711512 = product of:
        0.547542 = sum of:
          0.07139876 = weight(abstract_txt:group in 4389) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07139876 = score(doc=4389,freq=13.0), product of:
              0.074074686 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.8883367 = idf(docFreq=891, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.9638753 = fieldWeight in 4389, product of:
                3.6055512 = tf(freq=13.0), with freq of:
                  13.0 = termFreq=13.0
                4.8883367 = idf(docFreq=891, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4389)
          0.07681519 = weight(abstract_txt:collaborative in 4389) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07681519 = score(doc=4389,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.10694616 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2015662 = boost
                5.87366 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.71826035 = fieldWeight in 4389, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.87366 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4389)
          0.026398785 = weight(abstract_txt:where in 4389) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026398785 = score(doc=4389,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1027094 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4421679 = boost
                4.699868 = idf(docFreq=1076, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.25702405 = fieldWeight in 4389, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.699868 = idf(docFreq=1076, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4389)
          0.059575073 = weight(abstract_txt:curriculum in 4389) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.059575073 = score(doc=4389,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15437141 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4436055 = boost
                7.05683 = idf(docFreq=101, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.38592038 = fieldWeight in 4389, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.05683 = idf(docFreq=101, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4389)
          0.018179182 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 4389) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.018179182 = score(doc=4389,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.052753076 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.461671 = boost
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.34460893 = fieldWeight in 4389, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4389)
          0.03998946 = weight(abstract_txt:space in 4389) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03998946 = score(doc=4389,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13547254 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6562898 = boost
                5.3976684 = idf(docFreq=535, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.295185 = fieldWeight in 4389, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.3976684 = idf(docFreq=535, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4389)
          0.088842966 = weight(abstract_txt:collaboration in 4389) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.088842966 = score(doc=4389,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.15992972 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7995973 = boost
                5.8646917 = idf(docFreq=335, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.55551255 = fieldWeight in 4389, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.8646917 = idf(docFreq=335, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4389)
          0.061270773 = weight(abstract_txt:students in 4389) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.061270773 = score(doc=4389,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22684705 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.0310445 = boost
                4.938922 = idf(docFreq=847, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.2700973 = fieldWeight in 4389, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.938922 = idf(docFreq=847, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4389)
          0.10507176 = weight(abstract_txt:learning in 4389) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10507176 = score(doc=4389,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.28391686 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9155312 = boost
                4.7851086 = idf(docFreq=988, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.37007934 = fieldWeight in 4389, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.7851086 = idf(docFreq=988, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4389)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  3. Koh, G.S.: Innovations in standard cassroom instruction (2002) 0.18
    0.18337607 = sum of:
      0.18337607 = product of:
        0.57305026 = sum of:
          0.032736797 = weight(abstract_txt:education in 466) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032736797 = score(doc=466,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.0816482 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0498769 = boost
                5.132152 = idf(docFreq=698, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.4009494 = fieldWeight in 466, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.132152 = idf(docFreq=698, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=466)
          0.042995866 = weight(abstract_txt:goal in 466) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042995866 = score(doc=466,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09792051 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1497461 = boost
                5.6203456 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.4390895 = fieldWeight in 466, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6203456 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=466)
          0.049075425 = weight(abstract_txt:collaborative in 466) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.049075425 = score(doc=466,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10694616 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2015662 = boost
                5.87366 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.4588797 = fieldWeight in 466, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.87366 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=466)
          0.085107245 = weight(abstract_txt:curriculum in 466) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.085107245 = score(doc=466,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15437141 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4436055 = boost
                7.05683 = idf(docFreq=101, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.55131483 = fieldWeight in 466, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.05683 = idf(docFreq=101, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=466)
          0.06857141 = weight(abstract_txt:expert in 466) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06857141 = score(doc=466,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1530083 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7602252 = boost
                5.736382 = idf(docFreq=381, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.44815484 = fieldWeight in 466, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.736382 = idf(docFreq=381, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=466)
          0.05693128 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 466) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05693128 = score(doc=466,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14876467 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.004149 = boost
                4.8984776 = idf(docFreq=882, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.38269356 = fieldWeight in 466, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8984776 = idf(docFreq=882, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=466)
          0.08752968 = weight(abstract_txt:students in 466) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08752968 = score(doc=466,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22684705 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.0310445 = boost
                4.938922 = idf(docFreq=847, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.3858533 = fieldWeight in 466, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.938922 = idf(docFreq=847, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=466)
          0.15010253 = weight(abstract_txt:learning in 466) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15010253 = score(doc=466,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.28391686 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9155312 = boost
                4.7851086 = idf(docFreq=988, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.5286848 = fieldWeight in 466, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.7851086 = idf(docFreq=988, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=466)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  4. Dillon, A.; Schaap, D.: Expertise and the perception of shape in information (1996) 0.18
    0.18219557 = sum of:
      0.18219557 = product of:
        0.75914824 = sum of:
          0.045255058 = weight(abstract_txt:where in 6782) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.045255058 = score(doc=6782,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1027094 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4421679 = boost
                4.699868 = idf(docFreq=1076, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.44061264 = fieldWeight in 6782, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.699868 = idf(docFreq=1076, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6782)
          0.016658027 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 6782) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016658027 = score(doc=6782,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.052753076 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.461671 = boost
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.31577355 = fieldWeight in 6782, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6782)
          0.09694909 = weight(abstract_txt:space in 6782) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09694909 = score(doc=6782,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.13547254 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6562898 = boost
                5.3976684 = idf(docFreq=535, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.7156365 = fieldWeight in 6782, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.3976684 = idf(docFreq=535, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6782)
          0.11636953 = weight(abstract_txt:expert in 6782) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11636953 = score(doc=6782,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1530083 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7602252 = boost
                5.736382 = idf(docFreq=381, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.76054394 = fieldWeight in 6782, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.736382 = idf(docFreq=381, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6782)
          0.10503561 = weight(abstract_txt:students in 6782) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10503561 = score(doc=6782,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22684705 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.0310445 = boost
                4.938922 = idf(docFreq=847, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.46302393 = fieldWeight in 6782, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.938922 = idf(docFreq=847, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6782)
          0.37888092 = weight(abstract_txt:novice in 6782) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.37888092 = score(doc=6782,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.39851087 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.667374 = boost
                7.1709433 = idf(docFreq=90, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.9507417 = fieldWeight in 6782, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.1709433 = idf(docFreq=90, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6782)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Sormunen, E.; Tanni, M.; Alamettälä, T.; Heinström, J.: Students' group work strategies in source-based writing assignments (2014) 0.17
    0.17035088 = sum of:
      0.17035088 = product of:
        0.608396 = sum of:
          0.055435326 = weight(abstract_txt:group in 3287) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055435326 = score(doc=3287,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.074074686 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.8883367 = idf(docFreq=891, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.7483707 = fieldWeight in 3287, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                4.8883367 = idf(docFreq=891, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3287)
          0.03926034 = weight(abstract_txt:collaborative in 3287) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03926034 = score(doc=3287,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10694616 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2015662 = boost
                5.87366 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.36710376 = fieldWeight in 3287, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.87366 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3287)
          0.03017004 = weight(abstract_txt:where in 3287) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03017004 = score(doc=3287,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1027094 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4421679 = boost
                4.699868 = idf(docFreq=1076, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.29374176 = fieldWeight in 3287, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.699868 = idf(docFreq=1076, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3287)
          0.01110535 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3287) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.01110535 = score(doc=3287,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.052753076 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.461671 = boost
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.2105157 = fieldWeight in 3287, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.3817132 = idf(docFreq=10938, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3287)
          0.1310809 = weight(abstract_txt:collaboration in 3287) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1310809 = score(doc=3287,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.15992972 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7995973 = boost
                5.8646917 = idf(docFreq=335, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.8196156 = fieldWeight in 3287, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.8646917 = idf(docFreq=335, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3287)
          0.17152245 = weight(abstract_txt:students in 3287) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17152245 = score(doc=3287,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.22684705 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.0310445 = boost
                4.938922 = idf(docFreq=847, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.75611496 = fieldWeight in 3287, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                4.938922 = idf(docFreq=847, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3287)
          0.16982162 = weight(abstract_txt:learning in 3287) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16982162 = score(doc=3287,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.28391686 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9155312 = boost
                4.7851086 = idf(docFreq=988, maxDocs=43556)
                0.015153351 = queryNorm
              0.5981386 = fieldWeight in 3287, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.7851086 = idf(docFreq=988, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3287)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)