Document (#34996)

Author
Pauen, M.
Springer, M.
Title
Ein Philosoph, der über das Gehirn nachdenkt
Issue
[Interview]
Source
Spektrum der Wissenschaft. 2009, H.1, S.54-60
Year
2009
Series
Mensch und Geist
Abstract
Lässt die moderne Hirnforschung von Begriffen wie Bewusstsein, Ich, Autonomie und Handlungsfreiheit am Ende nichts mehr übrig? Michael Pauen warnt vor einem "naturalistischen Missverständnis".
Content
"Kürzlich hielt sich ein unkonventionelles Sachbuch über Philosophie viele Monate lang auf den Bestsellerlisten. Unter dem Titel »Wer bin ich - und wenn ja, wie viele?« versuchte Richard David Precht die altehrwürdigen Fragen nach dem Wesen von Mensch, Welt und Moral in modernem Licht zu behandeln (siehe meine Rezension in Spektrum der Wissenschaft 8/2008, S.100). Eingangs fragte der Autor: »Wie passen die philosophischen, die psychologischen und die neurobiologischen Erkenntnisse über das Bewusstsein zusammen? Stehen sie sich im Weg, oder ergänzen sie sich? Gibt es ein >Ich<? Was sind Gefühle? Was ist das Gedächtnis? Die spannendsten Fragen standen gar nicht auf dem philosophischen Lehrplan, und daran hat sich, soweit ich sehe, bis heute viel zu wenig geändert.« Doch die Zeiten ändern sich, denn genau diese spannenden Fragen hat sich der Philosoph Michael Pauen vorgenommen. In zahlreichen Publikationen und als Sprecher der Berlin School of Mind and Brain an der Berliner Humboldt-Universität untersucht er, wie die Befunde der Neurowissenschaften sich mit unserem traditionellen Menschenbild vertragen. Bedeuten die viel diskutierten Experimente des amerikanischen Hirnforschers Benjamin Libet tatsächlich, dass unser Wille nicht frei ist? Besteht eine unüberbrückbare »Erklärungslücke« zwischen der physiologischen Beschreibung einer Farbwahrnehmung und dem subjektiven Farberlebnis? Bilden wir uns nur ein, als autonomes Ich Entscheidungen zwischen Richtig und Falsch, Gut und Böse treffen zu können? Kurz, erscheinen wir im Spiegel der modernen Hirnforschung bloß als seelenlose Automaten, als pure Reizreaktionsmaschinen, als Zombies? Anhand historischer Beispiele zeigt Michael Pauen, dass wissenschaftliche Einsichten zunächst immer wieder als Bedrohung des spezifisch Menschlichen empfunden wurden. Erst mit wachsender Erkenntnis gewöhnen wir uns allmählich daran, neue Erklärungen für uns selbst zu akzeptieren. Das wird nach Pauens Überzeugung auch mit der modernen Hirnforschung nicht anders sein - sofern es gelingt, das »naturalistische Missverständnis« aufzulösen, das sie derzeit noch umgibt. Was das ist, versuchen wir in angeregtem Gespräch zu klären."
Footnote
Vgl auch das Buch: Pauen, M., G. Roth: Freiheit, Schuld und Verantwortung: Grundzüge einer naturalistischen Theorie der Willensfreiheit. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp 2008. 190 S.
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft

Similar documents (author)

  1. Springer: Neues Online-Tool zum Herunterladen (2011) 2.70
    2.7000115 = sum of:
      2.7000115 = product of:
        5.400023 = sum of:
          5.400023 = weight(author_txt:springer in 1714) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            5.400023 = score(doc=1714,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.63501674 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.503749 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=43556)
                0.07467492 = queryNorm
              8.503749 = fieldWeight in 1714, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.503749 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=43556)
                1.0 = fieldNorm(doc=1714)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  2. Pauen, M.: Vom Kopf auf die Füße? : Konsequenzen und Probleme einer kulturalistischen Rekonstruktion des Informationsbegriffes (1998) 2.26
    2.264197 = sum of:
      2.264197 = product of:
        4.528394 = sum of:
          4.528394 = weight(author_txt:pauen in 2294) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.528394 = score(doc=2294,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.77249837 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1029509 = boost
                9.379218 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=43556)
                0.07467492 = queryNorm
              5.8620114 = fieldWeight in 2294, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.379218 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2294)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  3. Pauen, M.: Von Fledermäusen und der Freiheit des Willens (2002) 2.26
    2.264197 = sum of:
      2.264197 = product of:
        4.528394 = sum of:
          4.528394 = weight(author_txt:pauen in 1561) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.528394 = score(doc=1561,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.77249837 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1029509 = boost
                9.379218 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=43556)
                0.07467492 = queryNorm
              5.8620114 = fieldWeight in 1561, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.379218 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1561)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  4. Pauen, M.: ¬Das Schuldprinzip antasten, ohne es abzuschaffen : Was ist Willensfreiheit (5) oder: Wer ist verantwortlich für die Abschaffung von Verantwortung? (2010) 2.26
    2.264197 = sum of:
      2.264197 = product of:
        4.528394 = sum of:
          4.528394 = weight(author_txt:pauen in 718) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.528394 = score(doc=718,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.77249837 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1029509 = boost
                9.379218 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=43556)
                0.07467492 = queryNorm
              5.8620114 = fieldWeight in 718, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.379218 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=718)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  5. Pauen, M.: ¬Eine Frage der Selbstbestimmung (2011) 2.26
    2.264197 = sum of:
      2.264197 = product of:
        4.528394 = sum of:
          4.528394 = weight(author_txt:pauen in 1385) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.528394 = score(doc=1385,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.77249837 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1029509 = boost
                9.379218 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=43556)
                0.07467492 = queryNorm
              5.8620114 = fieldWeight in 1385, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.379218 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=43556)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1385)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Wilke, M.; Pauen, M.; Ayan, S.: »Wir überschätzen die Rolle des Bewusstseins systematisch« : Leib-Seele-Problem (2022) 0.53
    0.5281967 = sum of:
      0.5281967 = product of:
        1.4965572 = sum of:
          0.040165354 = weight(abstract_txt:über in 2777) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040165354 = score(doc=2777,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.065403394 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9702537 = idf(docFreq=2233, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.61411726 = fieldWeight in 2777, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9702537 = idf(docFreq=2233, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2777)
          0.122733645 = weight(abstract_txt:gehirn in 2777) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.122733645 = score(doc=2777,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17352083 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6288296 = boost
                6.466867 = idf(docFreq=183, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.7073136 = fieldWeight in 2777, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.466867 = idf(docFreq=183, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2777)
          0.24229985 = weight(abstract_txt:bewusstsein in 2777) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24229985 = score(doc=2777,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.2167378 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8204014 = boost
                7.2274556 = idf(docFreq=85, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              1.11794 = fieldWeight in 2777, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.2274556 = idf(docFreq=85, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2777)
          0.27156147 = weight(abstract_txt:michael in 2777) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.27156147 = score(doc=2777,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23385392 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8909158 = boost
                7.5074153 = idf(docFreq=64, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              1.161244 = fieldWeight in 2777, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.5074153 = idf(docFreq=64, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2777)
          0.22752096 = weight(abstract_txt:philosoph in 2777) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22752096 = score(doc=2777,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26185256 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0009131 = boost
                7.9441333 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.8688896 = fieldWeight in 2777, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.9441333 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2777)
          0.592276 = weight(abstract_txt:pauen in 2777) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.592276 = score(doc=2777,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.39329216 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.452209 = boost
                9.735892 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              1.505944 = fieldWeight in 2777, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                9.735892 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2777)
        0.3529412 = coord(6/17)
    
  2. Libet, B.: Mind Time : Wie das Gehirn Bewusstsein produziert (2005) 0.25
    0.25227123 = sum of:
      0.25227123 = product of:
        0.61265874 = sum of:
          0.02295163 = weight(abstract_txt:über in 1542) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02295163 = score(doc=1542,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.065403394 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9702537 = idf(docFreq=2233, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.35092416 = fieldWeight in 1542, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9702537 = idf(docFreq=2233, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1542)
          0.021260707 = weight(abstract_txt:einem in 1542) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021260707 = score(doc=1542,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07830444 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0941907 = boost
                4.344215 = idf(docFreq=1536, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.27151343 = fieldWeight in 1542, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.344215 = idf(docFreq=1536, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1542)
          0.0660697 = weight(abstract_txt:lässt in 1542) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0660697 = score(doc=1542,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1667514 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5967414 = boost
                6.3394685 = idf(docFreq=208, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.39621678 = fieldWeight in 1542, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.3394685 = idf(docFreq=208, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1542)
          0.1214748 = weight(abstract_txt:gehirn in 1542) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1214748 = score(doc=1542,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.17352083 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6288296 = boost
                6.466867 = idf(docFreq=183, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.7000589 = fieldWeight in 1542, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.466867 = idf(docFreq=183, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1542)
          0.08467342 = weight(abstract_txt:nichts in 1542) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08467342 = score(doc=1542,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19674301 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.734401 = boost
                6.886012 = idf(docFreq=120, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.43037575 = fieldWeight in 1542, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.886012 = idf(docFreq=120, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1542)
          0.16957457 = weight(abstract_txt:bewusstsein in 1542) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16957457 = score(doc=1542,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.2167378 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8204014 = boost
                7.2274556 = idf(docFreq=85, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.782395 = fieldWeight in 1542, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.2274556 = idf(docFreq=85, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1542)
          0.12665394 = weight(abstract_txt:hirnforschung in 1542) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12665394 = score(doc=1542,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25732407 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9835358 = boost
                7.87514 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.49219626 = fieldWeight in 1542, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.87514 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1542)
        0.4117647 = coord(7/17)
    
  3. Kann das Gehirn das Gehirn verstehen? : Gespräche über Hirnforschung und die Grenzen unserer Erkenntnis mit Wolf Singer, Gerald Hüther, Gerhard Roth, Angela D. Friederici, Henning Scheich, Hans J. Markowitsch, Christoph von der Malsburg, Randolf Menzel, Frank Rösler (2013) 0.16
    0.16234043 = sum of:
      0.16234043 = product of:
        0.5519574 = sum of:
          0.024596155 = weight(abstract_txt:über in 882) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024596155 = score(doc=882,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.065403394 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9702537 = idf(docFreq=2233, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.37606847 = fieldWeight in 882, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.9702537 = idf(docFreq=2233, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=882)
          0.10629045 = weight(abstract_txt:gehirn in 882) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10629045 = score(doc=882,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.17352083 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6288296 = boost
                6.466867 = idf(docFreq=183, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.6125515 = fieldWeight in 882, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.466867 = idf(docFreq=183, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=882)
          0.08566594 = weight(abstract_txt:bewusstsein in 882) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08566594 = score(doc=882,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2167378 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8204014 = boost
                7.2274556 = idf(docFreq=85, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.39525148 = fieldWeight in 882, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.2274556 = idf(docFreq=85, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=882)
          0.2216444 = weight(abstract_txt:hirnforschung in 882) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2216444 = score(doc=882,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.25732407 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9835358 = boost
                7.87514 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.86134344 = fieldWeight in 882, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                7.87514 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=882)
          0.11376048 = weight(abstract_txt:philosoph in 882) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11376048 = score(doc=882,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26185256 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0009131 = boost
                7.9441333 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.4344448 = fieldWeight in 882, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.9441333 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=882)
        0.29411766 = coord(5/17)
    
  4. Pauen, M.; Welzer, H.: Autonomie : eine Verteidigung (2015) 0.15
    0.15494752 = sum of:
      0.15494752 = product of:
        0.8780359 = sum of:
          0.1645911 = weight(abstract_txt:michael in 570) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1645911 = score(doc=570,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23385392 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8909158 = boost
                7.5074153 = idf(docFreq=64, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.70382017 = fieldWeight in 570, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.5074153 = idf(docFreq=64, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=570)
          0.35447136 = weight(abstract_txt:autonomie in 570) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.35447136 = score(doc=570,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.30954075 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1754985 = boost
                8.63728 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              1.1451524 = fieldWeight in 570, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.63728 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=570)
          0.35897344 = weight(abstract_txt:pauen in 570) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.35897344 = score(doc=570,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.39329216 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.452209 = boost
                9.735892 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.9127399 = fieldWeight in 570, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.735892 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=570)
        0.1764706 = coord(3/17)
    
  5. Roth, G.; Strüber, N.: Wie das Gehirn die Seele macht (2014) 0.15
    0.14532009 = sum of:
      0.14532009 = product of:
        0.4940883 = sum of:
          0.025918903 = weight(abstract_txt:mehr in 2721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025918903 = score(doc=2721,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09768029 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2220904 = boost
                4.852009 = idf(docFreq=924, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.26534423 = fieldWeight in 2721, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.852009 = idf(docFreq=924, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2721)
          0.1503174 = weight(abstract_txt:gehirn in 2721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1503174 = score(doc=2721,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.17352083 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6288296 = boost
                6.466867 = idf(docFreq=183, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.8662787 = fieldWeight in 2721, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                6.466867 = idf(docFreq=183, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2721)
          0.07545977 = weight(abstract_txt:moderne in 2721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07545977 = score(doc=2721,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19916187 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7450302 = boost
                6.9282126 = idf(docFreq=115, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.37888664 = fieldWeight in 2721, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.9282126 = idf(docFreq=115, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2721)
          0.08566594 = weight(abstract_txt:bewusstsein in 2721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08566594 = score(doc=2721,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2167378 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8204014 = boost
                7.2274556 = idf(docFreq=85, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.39525148 = fieldWeight in 2721, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.2274556 = idf(docFreq=85, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2721)
          0.15672626 = weight(abstract_txt:hirnforschung in 2721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15672626 = score(doc=2721,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.25732407 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9835358 = boost
                7.87514 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016473355 = queryNorm
              0.6090618 = fieldWeight in 2721, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.87514 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2721)
        0.29411766 = coord(5/17)