Document (#35328)

Author
Hjoerland, B.
Title
¬The foundation of the concept of relevance
Source
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 61(2010) no.2, S.217-237
Year
2010
Abstract
In 1975 Tefko Saracevic declared the subject knowledge view to be the most fundamental perspective of relevance. This paper examines the assumptions in different views of relevance, including the system's view and the user's view and offers a reinterpretation of these views. The paper finds that what was regarded as the most fundamental view by Saracevic in 1975 has not since been considered (with very few exceptions). Other views, which are based on less fruitful assumptions, have dominated the discourse on relevance in information retrieval and information science. Many authors have reexamined the concept of relevance in information science, but have neglected the subject knowledge view, hence basic theoretical assumptions seem not to have been properly addressed. It is as urgent now as it was in 1975 seriously to consider the subject knowledge view of relevance (which may also be termed the epistemological view). The concept of relevance, like other basic concepts, is influenced by overall approaches to information science, such as the cognitive view and the domain-analytic view. There is today a trend toward a social paradigm for information science. This paper offers an understanding of relevance from such a social point of view.

Similar documents (author)

  1. Hjoerland, B.: ¬The concept of 'subject' in information science (1992) 4.54
    4.5425787 = sum of:
      4.5425787 = weight(author_txt:hjoerland in 2247) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5425787 = fieldWeight in 2247, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.2681255 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2247)
    
  2. Hjoerland, B.: Subject representation and information seeking : contributions to a theory based on the theory of knowledge (1993) 4.54
    4.5425787 = sum of:
      4.5425787 = weight(author_txt:hjoerland in 555) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5425787 = fieldWeight in 555, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.2681255 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=555)
    
  3. Hjoerland, B.: Theory of information science : Reply to Professor Gernot Wersig (1998) 4.54
    4.5425787 = sum of:
      4.5425787 = weight(author_txt:hjoerland in 2404) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5425787 = fieldWeight in 2404, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.2681255 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2404)
    
  4. Hjoerland, B.: Information retrieval, text composition, and semantics (1998) 4.54
    4.5425787 = sum of:
      4.5425787 = weight(author_txt:hjoerland in 2650) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5425787 = fieldWeight in 2650, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.2681255 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2650)
    
  5. Hjoerland, B.: ¬The classification of psychology : a case study in the classification of a knowledge field (1998) 4.54
    4.5425787 = sum of:
      4.5425787 = weight(author_txt:hjoerland in 5784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5425787 = fieldWeight in 5784, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.2681255 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=5784)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Hjoerland, B.: Fundamentals of knowledge organization (2003) 0.26
    0.25623423 = sum of:
      0.25623423 = product of:
        0.49275815 = sum of:
          0.011487504 = weight(abstract_txt:most in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011487504 = score(doc=4291,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06197344 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0079737 = boost
                3.9543834 = idf(docFreq=2253, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.18536171 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9543834 = idf(docFreq=2253, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.037893333 = weight(abstract_txt:social in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.037893333 = score(doc=4291,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.07179007 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0848721 = boost
                4.256064 = idf(docFreq=1666, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.5278353 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                4.256064 = idf(docFreq=1666, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.039688542 = weight(abstract_txt:basic in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039688542 = score(doc=4291,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.098203026 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2688457 = boost
                4.977811 = idf(docFreq=809, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.40414786 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.977811 = idf(docFreq=809, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.016752953 = weight(abstract_txt:paper in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016752953 = score(doc=4291,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07241077 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3344232 = boost
                3.4900522 = idf(docFreq=3585, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.23135996 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4900522 = idf(docFreq=3585, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.028579284 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028579284 = score(doc=4291,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.076172195 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3686432 = boost
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.37519312 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.016659131 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016659131 = score(doc=4291,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.090890914 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.495038 = boost
                3.9101245 = idf(docFreq=2355, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.18328708 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9101245 = idf(docFreq=2355, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.0114989 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0114989 = score(doc=4291,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.05835781 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5465568 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.19704133 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.017629499 = weight(abstract_txt:have in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017629499 = score(doc=4291,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08245465 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6442542 = boost
                3.2252884 = idf(docFreq=4672, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.21380842 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.2252884 = idf(docFreq=4672, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.025817588 = weight(abstract_txt:concept in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025817588 = score(doc=4291,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12172021 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7301085 = boost
                4.524928 = idf(docFreq=1273, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.212106 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.524928 = idf(docFreq=1273, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.021905363 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021905363 = score(doc=4291,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12006934 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9841634 = boost
                3.8920376 = idf(docFreq=2398, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.18243927 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.8920376 = idf(docFreq=2398, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.05825782 = weight(abstract_txt:views in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05825782 = score(doc=4291,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20940565 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2692702 = boost
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.27820557 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.08921148 = weight(abstract_txt:relevance in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08921148 = score(doc=4291,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.38579416 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.0298405 = boost
                4.933144 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.23124114 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.933144 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
          0.11737675 = weight(abstract_txt:view in 4291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11737675 = score(doc=4291,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.49899924 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.3956003 = boost
                5.0181184 = idf(docFreq=777, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.2352243 = fieldWeight in 4291, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.0181184 = idf(docFreq=777, maxDocs=43254)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4291)
        0.52 = coord(13/25)
    
  2. Hjoerland, B.: Subject (of documents) (2016) 0.22
    0.21670991 = sum of:
      0.21670991 = product of:
        0.6772185 = sum of:
          0.027076304 = weight(abstract_txt:most in 4647) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027076304 = score(doc=4647,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06197344 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0079737 = boost
                3.9543834 = idf(docFreq=2253, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.43690175 = fieldWeight in 4647, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9543834 = idf(docFreq=2253, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4647)
          0.02130174 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 4647) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02130174 = score(doc=4647,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.076172195 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3686432 = boost
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.27965245 = fieldWeight in 4647, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4647)
          0.062084917 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 4647) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.062084917 = score(doc=4647,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.090890914 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.495038 = boost
                3.9101245 = idf(docFreq=2355, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.68307066 = fieldWeight in 4647, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.9101245 = idf(docFreq=2355, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4647)
          0.011064823 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4647) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011064823 = score(doc=4647,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.05835781 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5465568 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.18960312 = fieldWeight in 4647, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4647)
          0.043029316 = weight(abstract_txt:concept in 4647) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043029316 = score(doc=4647,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12172021 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7301085 = boost
                4.524928 = idf(docFreq=1273, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.35351002 = fieldWeight in 4647, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.524928 = idf(docFreq=1273, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4647)
          0.036508936 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 4647) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036508936 = score(doc=4647,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12006934 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9841634 = boost
                3.8920376 = idf(docFreq=2398, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.30406544 = fieldWeight in 4647, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.8920376 = idf(docFreq=2398, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4647)
          0.13731499 = weight(abstract_txt:views in 4647) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13731499 = score(doc=4647,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20940565 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2692702 = boost
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.6557368 = fieldWeight in 4647, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4647)
          0.33883747 = weight(abstract_txt:view in 4647) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.33883747 = score(doc=4647,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.49899924 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.3956003 = boost
                5.0181184 = idf(docFreq=777, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.67903405 = fieldWeight in 4647, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.0181184 = idf(docFreq=777, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4647)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  3. Hjoerland, B.: Knowledge organization (KO) (2017) 0.22
    0.21670991 = sum of:
      0.21670991 = product of:
        0.6772185 = sum of:
          0.027076304 = weight(abstract_txt:most in 4883) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027076304 = score(doc=4883,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06197344 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0079737 = boost
                3.9543834 = idf(docFreq=2253, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.43690175 = fieldWeight in 4883, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9543834 = idf(docFreq=2253, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4883)
          0.02130174 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 4883) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02130174 = score(doc=4883,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.076172195 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3686432 = boost
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.27965245 = fieldWeight in 4883, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4883)
          0.062084917 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 4883) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.062084917 = score(doc=4883,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.090890914 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.495038 = boost
                3.9101245 = idf(docFreq=2355, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.68307066 = fieldWeight in 4883, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.9101245 = idf(docFreq=2355, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4883)
          0.011064823 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4883) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011064823 = score(doc=4883,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.05835781 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5465568 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.18960312 = fieldWeight in 4883, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4883)
          0.043029316 = weight(abstract_txt:concept in 4883) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043029316 = score(doc=4883,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12172021 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7301085 = boost
                4.524928 = idf(docFreq=1273, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.35351002 = fieldWeight in 4883, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.524928 = idf(docFreq=1273, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4883)
          0.036508936 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 4883) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036508936 = score(doc=4883,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12006934 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9841634 = boost
                3.8920376 = idf(docFreq=2398, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.30406544 = fieldWeight in 4883, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.8920376 = idf(docFreq=2398, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4883)
          0.13731499 = weight(abstract_txt:views in 4883) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13731499 = score(doc=4883,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20940565 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2692702 = boost
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.6557368 = fieldWeight in 4883, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4883)
          0.33883747 = weight(abstract_txt:view in 4883) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.33883747 = score(doc=4883,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.49899924 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.3956003 = boost
                5.0181184 = idf(docFreq=777, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.67903405 = fieldWeight in 4883, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.0181184 = idf(docFreq=777, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4883)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  4. Hjoerland, B.: Epistemology and the socio-cognitive persepctive in information science (2002) 0.22
    0.21540503 = sum of:
      0.21540503 = product of:
        0.5983473 = sum of:
          0.021661043 = weight(abstract_txt:most in 2305) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021661043 = score(doc=2305,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06197344 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0079737 = boost
                3.9543834 = idf(docFreq=2253, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.3495214 = fieldWeight in 2305, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9543834 = idf(docFreq=2253, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2305)
          0.017041393 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 2305) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017041393 = score(doc=2305,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.076172195 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3686432 = boost
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.22372195 = fieldWeight in 2305, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2305)
          0.04348861 = weight(abstract_txt:fundamental in 2305) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04348861 = score(doc=2305,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1242643 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4273142 = boost
                5.5994987 = idf(docFreq=434, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.34996867 = fieldWeight in 2305, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.5994987 = idf(docFreq=434, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2305)
          0.031412758 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 2305) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.031412758 = score(doc=2305,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.090890914 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.495038 = boost
                3.9101245 = idf(docFreq=2355, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.34560943 = fieldWeight in 2305, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9101245 = idf(docFreq=2355, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2305)
          0.015331867 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2305) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015331867 = score(doc=2305,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.05835781 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5465568 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.26272178 = fieldWeight in 2305, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2305)
          0.02920715 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 2305) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02920715 = score(doc=2305,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12006934 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9841634 = boost
                3.8920376 = idf(docFreq=2398, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.24325235 = fieldWeight in 2305, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.8920376 = idf(docFreq=2398, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2305)
          0.077677086 = weight(abstract_txt:views in 2305) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.077677086 = score(doc=2305,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20940565 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2692702 = boost
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.37094074 = fieldWeight in 2305, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2305)
          0.2060251 = weight(abstract_txt:relevance in 2305) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2060251 = score(doc=2305,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.38579416 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.0298405 = boost
                4.933144 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.53402853 = fieldWeight in 2305, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.933144 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2305)
          0.15650232 = weight(abstract_txt:view in 2305) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15650232 = score(doc=2305,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.49899924 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.3956003 = boost
                5.0181184 = idf(docFreq=777, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.3136324 = fieldWeight in 2305, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.0181184 = idf(docFreq=777, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2305)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  5. Hjoerland, B.: ¬The foundation of information science : one world or three? A discussion of Gnoli (2018) (2019) 0.21
    0.21303166 = sum of:
      0.21303166 = product of:
        0.5917546 = sum of:
          0.043207414 = weight(abstract_txt:basic in 627) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043207414 = score(doc=627,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.098203026 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2688457 = boost
                4.977811 = idf(docFreq=809, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.43998048 = fieldWeight in 627, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.977811 = idf(docFreq=809, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=627)
          0.031589672 = weight(abstract_txt:paper in 627) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.031589672 = score(doc=627,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.07241077 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3344232 = boost
                3.4900522 = idf(docFreq=3585, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.43625653 = fieldWeight in 627, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.4900522 = idf(docFreq=3585, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=627)
          0.024100168 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 627) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024100168 = score(doc=627,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.076172195 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3686432 = boost
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.3163906 = fieldWeight in 627, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=627)
          0.012518417 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 627) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012518417 = score(doc=627,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.05835781 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5465568 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.21451144 = fieldWeight in 627, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=627)
          0.016621253 = weight(abstract_txt:have in 627) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016621253 = score(doc=627,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08245465 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6442542 = boost
                3.2252884 = idf(docFreq=4672, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.20158052 = fieldWeight in 627, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.2252884 = idf(docFreq=4672, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=627)
          0.02920715 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 627) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02920715 = score(doc=627,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12006934 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9841634 = boost
                3.8920376 = idf(docFreq=2398, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.24325235 = fieldWeight in 627, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.8920376 = idf(docFreq=2398, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=627)
          0.109851986 = weight(abstract_txt:views in 627) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.109851986 = score(doc=627,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20940565 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2692702 = boost
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.5245894 = fieldWeight in 627, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=627)
          0.103330866 = weight(abstract_txt:assumptions in 627) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.103330866 = score(doc=627,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25328714 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4957356 = boost
                6.5273504 = idf(docFreq=171, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.4079594 = fieldWeight in 627, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5273504 = idf(docFreq=171, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=627)
          0.22132772 = weight(abstract_txt:view in 627) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22132772 = score(doc=627,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.49899924 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.3956003 = boost
                5.0181184 = idf(docFreq=777, maxDocs=43254)
                0.015548112 = queryNorm
              0.4435432 = fieldWeight in 627, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.0181184 = idf(docFreq=777, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=627)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)