Document (#36701)

Author
Lund, N.W.
Skare, R.
Title
Document theory
Source
Encyclopedia of library and information sciences. 3rd ed. Ed.: M.J. Bates
Imprint
London : Taylor & Francis
Year
2009
Pages
S.1632-1639
Abstract
This entry provides an overview about the historical development of theoretical reflections on documents and formulation of document theories. Starting out with its Latin predecessor documentum and the use of the conception in the European state bureaucracy from the seventeenth century, the first interest for document theory was a professional one and can be observed at the beginning of the twentieth century, closely connected with names like Paul Otlet and Suzanne Briet. While the notion of document and documentation was well established around 1930, it was replaced by the notion of information after World War II, at least in the Anglophone community. Nevertheless, at the same time a new kind of document theory was emerging, a critical one connected to names like Michel Foucault, Harold Garfinkel, and Dorothy E. Smith. While the "professional" document theory developed by Otlet and others was focused on the knowledge more or less inherent in the documents and to make documents about something, then the general document theory developed by critical social scientists such as Foucault is much more about what the documents are and do. Since the 1990s, there has been a growing interest for the notion of document and documentation also inside Library and Information Science (LIS) again, connected to names like Michael Buckland, Ronald Day, and Bernd Frohmann. Together with a growing interest in digital documents, document theorists in North America, Scandinavia, and France are emphasizing the complexity in document theory and a need of a complementary approach to document theory connecting physical, social, and cultural dimensions in how documents are and do.
Content
Digital unter: http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/E-ELIS3-120043662. Vgl.: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/book/10.1081/E-ELIS3.

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  4. Day, R.E.: ¬An afterword to indexing it all : the subject in the age of documentation, information, and data (2016) 0.21
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