Document (#36723)

Author
Pepper, S.
Title
¬The TAO of topic maps : finding the way in the age of infoglut
Source
http://www.ontopia.net/topicmaps/materials/tao.html
Year
2002
Abstract
Topic maps are a new ISO standard for describing knowledge structures and associating them with information resources. As such they constitute an enabling technology for knowledge management. Dubbed "the GPS of the information universe", topic maps are also destined to provide powerful new ways of navigating large and interconnected corpora. While it is possible to represent immensely complex structures using topic maps, the basic concepts of the model - Topics, Associations, and Occurrences (TAO) - are easily grasped. This paper provides a non-technical introduction to these and other concepts (the IFS and BUTS of topic maps), relating them to things that are familiar to all of us from the realms of publishing and information management, and attempting to convey some idea of the uses to which topic maps will be put in the future.
Theme
Wissensrepräsentation
Object
Topic maps

Similar documents (author)

  1. Pepper, S.: Topic maps (2009) 6.08
    6.084933 = sum of:
      6.084933 = weight(author_txt:pepper in 4147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        6.084933 = fieldWeight in 4147, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.735892 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4147)
    
  2. Pepper, S.: ¬The typology and semantics of binominal lexemes : noun-noun compounds and their functional equivalents (2020) 6.08
    6.084933 = sum of:
      6.084933 = weight(author_txt:pepper in 2391) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        6.084933 = fieldWeight in 2391, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.735892 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2391)
    
  3. Pepper, S.; Groenmo, G.O.: Towards a general theory of scope (2002) 4.87
    4.867946 = sum of:
      4.867946 = weight(author_txt:pepper in 2537) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.867946 = fieldWeight in 2537, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.735892 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43556)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=2537)
    
  4. Pepper, S.; Arnaud, P.J.L.: Absolutely PHAB : toward a general model of associative relations (2020) 4.87
    4.867946 = sum of:
      4.867946 = weight(author_txt:pepper in 2390) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.867946 = fieldWeight in 2390, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.735892 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43556)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=2390)
    
  5. Pepper, S.; Moore, G.; TopicMaps.Org Authoring Group: XML Topic Maps (XTM) 1.0 : TopicMaps.Org Specification (2001) 3.65
    3.6509595 = sum of:
      3.6509595 = weight(author_txt:pepper in 2621) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.6509595 = fieldWeight in 2621, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.735892 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43556)
          0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=2621)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Pepper, S.; Groenmo, G.O.: Towards a general theory of scope (2002) 0.41
    0.4147412 = sum of:
      0.4147412 = product of:
        1.1520588 = sum of:
          0.047529474 = weight(abstract_txt:associations in 2537) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047529474 = score(doc=2537,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11466793 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0194129 = boost
                6.6319466 = idf(docFreq=155, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.41449666 = fieldWeight in 2537, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6319466 = idf(docFreq=155, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2537)
          0.02582281 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 2537) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02582281 = score(doc=2537,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.06669684 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0995039 = boost
                3.5764952 = idf(docFreq=3311, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.38716695 = fieldWeight in 2537, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.5764952 = idf(docFreq=3311, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2537)
          0.009861525 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2537) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.009861525 = score(doc=2537,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.04600374 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1183721 = boost
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.21436356 = fieldWeight in 2537, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2537)
          0.066542275 = weight(abstract_txt:occurrences in 2537) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.066542275 = score(doc=2537,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14350435 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1404117 = boost
                7.4191227 = idf(docFreq=70, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.46369517 = fieldWeight in 2537, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.4191227 = idf(docFreq=70, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2537)
          0.035230063 = weight(abstract_txt:management in 2537) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035230063 = score(doc=2537,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09391658 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3047138 = boost
                4.2440076 = idf(docFreq=1698, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.37512082 = fieldWeight in 2537, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.2440076 = idf(docFreq=1698, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2537)
          0.03106022 = weight(abstract_txt:concepts in 2537) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03106022 = score(doc=2537,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.108796015 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.40427 = boost
                4.567847 = idf(docFreq=1228, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.28549042 = fieldWeight in 2537, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.567847 = idf(docFreq=1228, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2537)
          0.044015493 = weight(abstract_txt:structures in 2537) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.044015493 = score(doc=2537,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13726096 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5773121 = boost
                5.1307225 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.32067016 = fieldWeight in 2537, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1307225 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2537)
          0.40446937 = weight(abstract_txt:topic in 2537) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.40446937 = score(doc=2537,freq=10.0), product of:
              0.403126 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.6819324 = boost
                5.0765047 = idf(docFreq=738, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              1.0033324 = fieldWeight in 2537, product of:
                3.1622777 = tf(freq=10.0), with freq of:
                  10.0 = termFreq=10.0
                5.0765047 = idf(docFreq=738, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2537)
          0.48752758 = weight(abstract_txt:maps in 2537) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.48752758 = score(doc=2537,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.541335 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4254756 = boost
                5.88271 = idf(docFreq=329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.9006024 = fieldWeight in 2537, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                5.88271 = idf(docFreq=329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2537)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  2. Pepper, S.: Topic maps (2009) 0.31
    0.30666867 = sum of:
      0.30666867 = product of:
        0.9583396 = sum of:
          0.038734216 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 4147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.038734216 = score(doc=4147,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.06669684 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0995039 = boost
                3.5764952 = idf(docFreq=3311, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.5807504 = fieldWeight in 4147, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.5764952 = idf(docFreq=3311, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4147)
          0.020919455 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020919455 = score(doc=4147,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.04600374 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1183721 = boost
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.4547338 = fieldWeight in 4147, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4147)
          0.037367128 = weight(abstract_txt:management in 4147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.037367128 = score(doc=4147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09391658 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3047138 = boost
                4.2440076 = idf(docFreq=1698, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.39787573 = fieldWeight in 4147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2440076 = idf(docFreq=1698, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4147)
          0.055167697 = weight(abstract_txt:them in 4147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055167697 = score(doc=4147,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09664863 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.323555 = boost
                4.3052945 = idf(docFreq=1597, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.5708068 = fieldWeight in 4147, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.3052945 = idf(docFreq=1597, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4147)
          0.046590332 = weight(abstract_txt:concepts in 4147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.046590332 = score(doc=4147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.108796015 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.40427 = boost
                4.567847 = idf(docFreq=1228, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.42823565 = fieldWeight in 4147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.567847 = idf(docFreq=1228, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4147)
          0.066023245 = weight(abstract_txt:structures in 4147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.066023245 = score(doc=4147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13726096 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5773121 = boost
                5.1307225 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.48100525 = fieldWeight in 4147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1307225 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4147)
          0.27132627 = weight(abstract_txt:topic in 4147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.27132627 = score(doc=4147,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.403126 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.6819324 = boost
                5.0765047 = idf(docFreq=738, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.67305577 = fieldWeight in 4147, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.0765047 = idf(docFreq=738, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4147)
          0.42221126 = weight(abstract_txt:maps in 4147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.42221126 = score(doc=4147,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.541335 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4254756 = boost
                5.88271 = idf(docFreq=329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.77994454 = fieldWeight in 4147, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.88271 = idf(docFreq=329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4147)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  3. XML topic maps : creating and using topic maps for the Web (2003) 0.22
    0.21505737 = sum of:
      0.21505737 = product of:
        1.0752869 = sum of:
          0.044865515 = weight(abstract_txt:enabling in 1725) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.044865515 = score(doc=1725,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11034223 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.505653 = idf(docFreq=176, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.4066033 = fieldWeight in 1725, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.505653 = idf(docFreq=176, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1725)
          0.014908807 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 1725) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014908807 = score(doc=1725,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06669684 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0995039 = boost
                3.5764952 = idf(docFreq=3311, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.22353095 = fieldWeight in 1725, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5764952 = idf(docFreq=3311, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1725)
          0.013946304 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1725) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013946304 = score(doc=1725,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.04600374 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1183721 = boost
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.30315587 = fieldWeight in 1725, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1725)
          0.40446937 = weight(abstract_txt:topic in 1725) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.40446937 = score(doc=1725,freq=10.0), product of:
              0.403126 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.6819324 = boost
                5.0765047 = idf(docFreq=738, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              1.0033324 = fieldWeight in 1725, product of:
                3.1622777 = tf(freq=10.0), with freq of:
                  10.0 = termFreq=10.0
                5.0765047 = idf(docFreq=738, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1725)
          0.5970969 = weight(abstract_txt:maps in 1725) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5970969 = score(doc=1725,freq=9.0), product of:
              0.541335 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4254756 = boost
                5.88271 = idf(docFreq=329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              1.1030082 = fieldWeight in 1725, product of:
                3.0 = tf(freq=9.0), with freq of:
                  9.0 = termFreq=9.0
                5.88271 = idf(docFreq=329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1725)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Wang, P.: ¬An empirical study of knowledge structures of research topics (1999) 0.19
    0.1890728 = sum of:
      0.1890728 = product of:
        0.78780335 = sum of:
          0.050214488 = weight(abstract_txt:familiar in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050214488 = score(doc=665,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.118946776 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0382584 = boost
                6.754549 = idf(docFreq=137, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.4221593 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.754549 = idf(docFreq=137, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
          0.014908807 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014908807 = score(doc=665,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06669684 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0995039 = boost
                3.5764952 = idf(docFreq=3311, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.22353095 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5764952 = idf(docFreq=3311, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
          0.012077853 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012077853 = score(doc=665,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.04600374 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1183721 = boost
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.26254067 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
          0.044015493 = weight(abstract_txt:structures in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.044015493 = score(doc=665,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13726096 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5773121 = boost
                5.1307225 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.32067016 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1307225 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
          0.22153698 = weight(abstract_txt:topic in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22153698 = score(doc=665,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.403126 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.6819324 = boost
                5.0765047 = idf(docFreq=738, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.54954773 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.0765047 = idf(docFreq=738, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
          0.44504973 = weight(abstract_txt:maps in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.44504973 = score(doc=665,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.541335 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4254756 = boost
                5.88271 = idf(docFreq=329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.8221337 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.88271 = idf(docFreq=329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Melgar Estrada, L.M.: Topic maps from a knowledge organization perspective (2011) 0.15
    0.1523997 = sum of:
      0.1523997 = product of:
        0.9524982 = sum of:
          0.026355298 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 1296) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026355298 = score(doc=1296,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06669684 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0995039 = boost
                3.5764952 = idf(docFreq=3311, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.39515063 = fieldWeight in 1296, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5764952 = idf(docFreq=3311, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1296)
          0.012326906 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1296) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012326906 = score(doc=1296,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.04600374 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1183721 = boost
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.26795444 = fieldWeight in 1296, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1296)
          0.3575038 = weight(abstract_txt:topic in 1296) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3575038 = score(doc=1296,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.403126 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.6819324 = boost
                5.0765047 = idf(docFreq=738, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              0.8868289 = fieldWeight in 1296, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.0765047 = idf(docFreq=738, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1296)
          0.5563122 = weight(abstract_txt:maps in 1296) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5563122 = score(doc=1296,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.541335 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4254756 = boost
                5.88271 = idf(docFreq=329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.016960977 = queryNorm
              1.0276672 = fieldWeight in 1296, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.88271 = idf(docFreq=329, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1296)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)