Document (#37984)

Author
Lambert, G.
Title
PRECIS in a multilingual context : Pt.4: The application of PRECIS in French.
Source
Libri. 26(1976), S.302-324
Year
1976
Abstract
This fourth paper in the series on PRECIS will consider the theoretical model of the indexing operation proposed in an earlier paper, and extend its application to one of the Romance languages, namely French. The present author has noted, throughout the publication of this series, how closely these logico-linguistic explanations could be applied to indexing in the French language. It is realised that experiments into PRECIS as a multilingual system are not complete, and that a new phase has undoubtedly started with the current British Library investigation of its translingual potential. Nevertheless, it would appear that the major problems still facing the researchers, such as the treatment of inflections, infixes, etc., are mostly related to the Germanic languages. As far as French is concerned, it is a relatively simple matter to give a positive answer to the question posed in the first paper: " . . . Do the codes and procedures developed so far (including the specified additions) amount to a general system which is capable of operating in any of the major European (and other) languages?"
Theme
Preserved Context Index System (PRECIS)
Multilinguale Probleme
Object
PRECIS

Similar documents (author)

  1. Lambert, N.: Of thesauri and computers : reflections on the need for thesauri (1995) 5.80
    5.798094 = sum of:
      5.798094 = weight(author_txt:lambert in 4803) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.798094 = fieldWeight in 4803, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.27695 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4803)
    
  2. Lambert, J.: Information resources selection (1996) 5.80
    5.798094 = sum of:
      5.798094 = weight(author_txt:lambert in 937) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.798094 = fieldWeight in 937, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.27695 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=937)
    
  3. Lambert, N.: But what's in it for IBM? : 'free' patents on the Net (1997) 5.80
    5.798094 = sum of:
      5.798094 = weight(author_txt:lambert in 4700) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.798094 = fieldWeight in 4700, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.27695 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4700)
    
  4. Lambert, N.: ORBIT'S PowerSearch : what's great, what's missing (1994) 5.80
    5.798094 = sum of:
      5.798094 = weight(author_txt:lambert in 4701) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.798094 = fieldWeight in 4701, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.27695 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4701)
    
  5. Lambert, S.: Internet basics : your online access to the global electronic super highway (1993) 5.80
    5.798094 = sum of:
      5.798094 = weight(author_txt:lambert in 1134) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.798094 = fieldWeight in 1134, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.27695 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1134)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Austin, D.: PRECIS (2009) 0.66
    0.65580267 = sum of:
      0.65580267 = product of:
        4.098767 = sum of:
          0.06990863 = weight(abstract_txt:noted in 2450) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06990863 = score(doc=2450,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1262124 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0473157 = boost
                7.0898776 = idf(docFreq=97, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.55389667 = fieldWeight in 2450, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.0898776 = idf(docFreq=97, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2450)
          0.015975645 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2450) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015975645 = score(doc=2450,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.042862177 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0571201 = boost
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.37272128 = fieldWeight in 2450, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2450)
          0.05574464 = weight(abstract_txt:indexing in 2450) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05574464 = score(doc=2450,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.094809785 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2837137 = boost
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.5879629 = fieldWeight in 2450, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2450)
          3.957138 = weight(title_txt:precis in 2450) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.957138 = score(doc=2450,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5397786 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.3317604 = boost
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              7.3310394 = fieldWeight in 2450, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                1.0 = fieldNorm(doc=2450)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  2. Austin, D.: PRECIS in a multilingual context : Pt.1: PRECIS: an overview (1976) 0.63
    0.63498074 = sum of:
      0.63498074 = product of:
        2.2677884 = sum of:
          0.045515306 = weight(abstract_txt:indexing in 2448) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.045515306 = score(doc=2448,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.094809785 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2837137 = boost
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.4800697 = fieldWeight in 2448, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2448)
          0.03780914 = weight(abstract_txt:application in 2448) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03780914 = score(doc=2448,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10555757 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3545227 = boost
                4.5847683 = idf(docFreq=1199, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.35818502 = fieldWeight in 2448, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.5847683 = idf(docFreq=1199, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2448)
          0.043330356 = weight(abstract_txt:paper in 2448) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043330356 = score(doc=2448,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.09175076 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.54665 = boost
                3.4900522 = idf(docFreq=3585, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.47226155 = fieldWeight in 2448, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.4900522 = idf(docFreq=3585, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2448)
          0.06538488 = weight(abstract_txt:series in 2448) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06538488 = score(doc=2448,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1520815 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6258475 = boost
                5.5031443 = idf(docFreq=478, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.42993313 = fieldWeight in 2448, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.5031443 = idf(docFreq=478, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2448)
          0.11646329 = weight(abstract_txt:languages in 2448) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11646329 = score(doc=2448,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20303518 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3007681 = boost
                5.1917377 = idf(docFreq=653, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.5736114 = fieldWeight in 2448, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.1917377 = idf(docFreq=653, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2448)
          0.21046098 = weight(abstract_txt:french in 2448) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21046098 = score(doc=2448,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4177174 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8106396 = boost
                6.449098 = idf(docFreq=185, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.5038358 = fieldWeight in 2448, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.449098 = idf(docFreq=185, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2448)
          1.7488244 = weight(title_txt:precis in 2448) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.7488244 = score(doc=2448,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.5397786 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.3317604 = boost
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              3.239892 = fieldWeight in 2448, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=2448)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Austin, D.; Digger, J.A.: PRECIS: The Preserved Context Index System (1985) 0.41
    0.4082073 = sum of:
      0.4082073 = product of:
        1.7008637 = sum of:
          0.011296487 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 5653) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011296487 = score(doc=5653,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.042862177 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0571201 = boost
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.26355374 = fieldWeight in 5653, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=5653)
          0.039417412 = weight(abstract_txt:indexing in 5653) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039417412 = score(doc=5653,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.094809785 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2837137 = boost
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.4157526 = fieldWeight in 5653, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=5653)
          0.019816551 = weight(abstract_txt:major in 5653) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019816551 = score(doc=5653,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10892566 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3759629 = boost
                4.6573386 = idf(docFreq=1115, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.1819273 = fieldWeight in 5653, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.6573386 = idf(docFreq=1115, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=5653)
          0.04117599 = weight(abstract_txt:languages in 5653) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04117599 = score(doc=5653,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20303518 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3007681 = boost
                5.1917377 = idf(docFreq=653, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.20280226 = fieldWeight in 5653, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1917377 = idf(docFreq=653, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=5653)
          0.10523049 = weight(abstract_txt:french in 5653) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10523049 = score(doc=5653,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4177174 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8106396 = boost
                6.449098 = idf(docFreq=185, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.2519179 = fieldWeight in 5653, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.449098 = idf(docFreq=185, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=5653)
          1.4839268 = weight(title_txt:precis in 5653) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.4839268 = score(doc=5653,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5397786 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.3317604 = boost
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              2.7491398 = fieldWeight in 5653, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=5653)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Austin, D.; Sørensen, J.: PRECIS in a multilingual context : Pt.2: A linguistic and logical explanation of the syntax. (1976) 0.37
    0.36760682 = sum of:
      0.36760682 = product of:
        1.3128815 = sum of:
          0.014289052 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2446) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014289052 = score(doc=2446,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.042862177 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0571201 = boost
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.33337206 = fieldWeight in 2446, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2446)
          0.09925302 = weight(abstract_txt:realised in 2446) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09925302 = score(doc=2446,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18500523 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2679981 = boost
                8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.53648764 = fieldWeight in 2446, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2446)
          0.05149469 = weight(abstract_txt:indexing in 2446) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05149469 = score(doc=2446,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.094809785 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2837137 = boost
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.5431369 = fieldWeight in 2446, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2446)
          0.02830327 = weight(abstract_txt:paper in 2446) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02830327 = score(doc=2446,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09175076 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.54665 = boost
                3.4900522 = idf(docFreq=3585, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.30847993 = fieldWeight in 2446, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4900522 = idf(docFreq=3585, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2446)
          0.052307904 = weight(abstract_txt:series in 2446) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.052307904 = score(doc=2446,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1520815 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6258475 = boost
                5.5031443 = idf(docFreq=478, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.34394652 = fieldWeight in 2446, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.5031443 = idf(docFreq=478, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2446)
          0.07794903 = weight(abstract_txt:multilingual in 2446) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07794903 = score(doc=2446,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19841385 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8570671 = boost
                6.2857733 = idf(docFreq=218, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.39286083 = fieldWeight in 2446, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.2857733 = idf(docFreq=218, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2446)
          0.9892845 = weight(title_txt:precis in 2446) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.9892845 = score(doc=2446,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5397786 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.3317604 = boost
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              1.8327599 = fieldWeight in 2446, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                0.25 = fieldNorm(doc=2446)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  5. Austin, D.; Sørensen, J.: PRECIS in a multilingual context : Pt.3: Multilingual experiments, proposed codes, and procedures for the Germanic languages. (1976) 0.36
    0.36427107 = sum of:
      0.36427107 = product of:
        1.3009682 = sum of:
          0.009585388 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2439) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.009585388 = score(doc=2439,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.042862177 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0571201 = boost
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.22363278 = fieldWeight in 2439, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2439)
          0.03862102 = weight(abstract_txt:indexing in 2439) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03862102 = score(doc=2439,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.094809785 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2837137 = boost
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.4073527 = fieldWeight in 2439, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.345095 = idf(docFreq=1524, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2439)
          0.051996425 = weight(abstract_txt:paper in 2439) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.051996425 = score(doc=2439,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.09175076 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.54665 = boost
                3.4900522 = idf(docFreq=3585, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.5667138 = fieldWeight in 2439, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.4900522 = idf(docFreq=3585, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2439)
          0.07846186 = weight(abstract_txt:series in 2439) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07846186 = score(doc=2439,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1520815 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6258475 = boost
                5.5031443 = idf(docFreq=478, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.5159198 = fieldWeight in 2439, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.5031443 = idf(docFreq=478, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2439)
          0.11692354 = weight(abstract_txt:multilingual in 2439) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11692354 = score(doc=2439,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19841385 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8570671 = boost
                6.2857733 = idf(docFreq=218, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.5892912 = fieldWeight in 2439, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.2857733 = idf(docFreq=218, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2439)
          0.13975593 = weight(abstract_txt:languages in 2439) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13975593 = score(doc=2439,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20303518 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3007681 = boost
                5.1917377 = idf(docFreq=653, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              0.68833363 = fieldWeight in 2439, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.1917377 = idf(docFreq=653, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2439)
          0.86562395 = weight(title_txt:precis in 2439) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.86562395 = score(doc=2439,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5397786 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.3317604 = boost
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                0.016997525 = queryNorm
              1.6036649 = fieldWeight in 2439, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                0.21875 = fieldNorm(doc=2439)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)