Document (#38195)

Author
Shah, C.
Title
Collaborative information seeking
Source
Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 65(2014) no.2, S.215-236
Year
2014
Series
Advances in information science
Abstract
The notions that information seeking is not always a solitary activity and that people working in collaboration for information intensive tasks should be studied and supported have become more prevalent in recent years. Several new research questions, methodologies, and systems have emerged around these notions that may prove to be useful beyond the field of collaborative information seeking (CIS), with relevance to the broader area of information seeking and behavior. This article provides an overview of such key research work from a variety of domains, including library and information science, computer-supported cooperative work, human-computer interaction, and information retrieval. It starts with explanations of collaboration and how CIS fits in different contexts, emphasizing the interactive, intentional, and mutually beneficial nature of CIS activities. Relations to similar and related fields such as collaborative information retrieval, collaborative information behavior, and collaborative filtering are also clarified. Next, the article presents a synthesis of various frameworks and models that exist in the field today, along with a new synthesis of 12 different dimensions of group activities. A discussion on issues and approaches relating to evaluating various parameters in CIS follows. Finally, a list of known issues and challenges is presented to provide an overview of research opportunities in this field.
Theme
Informationsdienstleistungen

Similar documents (author)

  1. Shah, C.: Collaborative information seeking : the art and science of making the whole greater than the sum of all (2012) 5.36
    5.364876 = sum of:
      5.364876 = weight(author_txt:shah in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.364876 = score(doc=1825,freq=1.0), product of:
          0.99999994 = queryWeight, product of:
            8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
            0.116498485 = queryNorm
          5.3648763 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
            1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
              1.0 = termFreq=1.0
            8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
            0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
    
  2. Shah, C.: Effects of awareness on coordination in collaborative information seeking (2013) 5.36
    5.364876 = sum of:
      5.364876 = weight(author_txt:shah in 2417) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.364876 = score(doc=2417,freq=1.0), product of:
          0.99999994 = queryWeight, product of:
            8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
            0.116498485 = queryNorm
          5.3648763 = fieldWeight in 2417, product of:
            1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
              1.0 = termFreq=1.0
            8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
            0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2417)
    
  3. Shah, C.: Social information seeking : leveraging the wisdom of the crowd (2017) 5.36
    5.364876 = sum of:
      5.364876 = weight(author_txt:shah in 261) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.364876 = score(doc=261,freq=1.0), product of:
          0.99999994 = queryWeight, product of:
            8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
            0.116498485 = queryNorm
          5.3648763 = fieldWeight in 261, product of:
            1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
              1.0 = termFreq=1.0
            8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
            0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=261)
    
  4. Shah, L.; Kumar, S.: Uniform form divisions (common isolates) for digital environment : a proposal (2006) 4.29
    4.2919006 = sum of:
      4.2919006 = weight(author_txt:shah in 1102) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.2919006 = score(doc=1102,freq=1.0), product of:
          0.99999994 = queryWeight, product of:
            8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
            0.116498485 = queryNorm
          4.291901 = fieldWeight in 1102, product of:
            1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
              1.0 = termFreq=1.0
            8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
            0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1102)
    
  5. Shah, C.; Marchionini, G.: Awareness in collaborative information seeking (2010) 4.29
    4.2919006 = sum of:
      4.2919006 = weight(author_txt:shah in 547) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.2919006 = score(doc=547,freq=1.0), product of:
          0.99999994 = queryWeight, product of:
            8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
            0.116498485 = queryNorm
          4.291901 = fieldWeight in 547, product of:
            1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
              1.0 = termFreq=1.0
            8.583802 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=43254)
            0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=547)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Shah, C.: Collaborative information seeking : the art and science of making the whole greater than the sum of all (2012) 0.58
    0.57836014 = sum of:
      0.57836014 = product of:
        1.1122311 = sum of:
          0.08517368 = weight(abstract_txt:mutually in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08517368 = score(doc=1825,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17220622 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0354812 = boost
                7.913645 = idf(docFreq=42, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.4946028 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.913645 = idf(docFreq=42, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.03904676 = weight(abstract_txt:computer in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03904676 = score(doc=1825,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.102384746 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1291468 = boost
                4.314741 = idf(docFreq=1571, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.38137284 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.314741 = idf(docFreq=1571, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.009331002 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.009331002 = score(doc=1825,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06258699 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2485037 = boost
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.14908852 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.023825755 = weight(abstract_txt:research in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023825755 = score(doc=1825,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.084315374 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2549655 = boost
                3.1970165 = idf(docFreq=4806, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.282579 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.1970165 = idf(docFreq=4806, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.051971514 = weight(abstract_txt:overview in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.051971514 = score(doc=1825,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15608655 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3941693 = boost
                5.327456 = idf(docFreq=570, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.332966 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.327456 = idf(docFreq=570, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.09876064 = weight(abstract_txt:collaboration in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09876064 = score(doc=1825,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.19006458 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.53845 = boost
                5.878787 = idf(docFreq=328, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.51961625 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.878787 = idf(docFreq=328, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.07768661 = weight(abstract_txt:supported in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07768661 = score(doc=1825,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20405756 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5940764 = boost
                6.0913486 = idf(docFreq=265, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.3807093 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.0913486 = idf(docFreq=265, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.047397714 = weight(abstract_txt:field in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047397714 = score(doc=1825,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16803145 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7716328 = boost
                4.513223 = idf(docFreq=1288, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.28207645 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.513223 = idf(docFreq=1288, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.17175883 = weight(abstract_txt:notions in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17175883 = score(doc=1825,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.27486828 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8500996 = boost
                7.069675 = idf(docFreq=99, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.62487686 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.069675 = idf(docFreq=99, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.12466875 = weight(abstract_txt:synthesis in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12466875 = score(doc=1825,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.27970076 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8662921 = boost
                7.1315503 = idf(docFreq=93, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.4457219 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.1315503 = idf(docFreq=93, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.15831375 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15831375 = score(doc=1825,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.28653032 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.671364 = boost
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.5525201 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.04943899 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04943899 = score(doc=1825,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.14576362 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8580093 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.33917236 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
          0.17485717 = weight(abstract_txt:collaborative in 1825) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17485717 = score(doc=1825,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4756537 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8481169 = boost
                5.881831 = idf(docFreq=327, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.36761445 = fieldWeight in 1825, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.881831 = idf(docFreq=327, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1825)
        0.52 = coord(13/25)
    
  2. Karunakaran, A.; Reddy, M.C.; Spence, P.R.: Toward a model of collaborative information behavior in organizations (2013) 0.38
    0.3821669 = sum of:
      0.3821669 = product of:
        1.0615747 = sum of:
          0.027476577 = weight(abstract_txt:issues in 2595) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027476577 = score(doc=2595,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10205407 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.127322 = boost
                4.307768 = idf(docFreq=1582, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.2692355 = fieldWeight in 2595, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.307768 = idf(docFreq=1582, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2595)
          0.029495938 = weight(abstract_txt:various in 2595) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029495938 = score(doc=2595,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10699497 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1542888 = boost
                4.410815 = idf(docFreq=1427, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.27567592 = fieldWeight in 2595, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.410815 = idf(docFreq=1427, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2595)
          0.023825755 = weight(abstract_txt:research in 2595) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023825755 = score(doc=2595,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.084315374 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2549655 = boost
                3.1970165 = idf(docFreq=4806, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.282579 = fieldWeight in 2595, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.1970165 = idf(docFreq=4806, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2595)
          0.10029852 = weight(abstract_txt:activities in 2595) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10029852 = score(doc=2595,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.14149082 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3273851 = boost
                5.072257 = idf(docFreq=736, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.70886946 = fieldWeight in 2595, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.072257 = idf(docFreq=736, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2595)
          0.07073194 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 2595) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07073194 = score(doc=2595,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15214427 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3764505 = boost
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.46490043 = fieldWeight in 2595, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2595)
          0.06983432 = weight(abstract_txt:collaboration in 2595) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06983432 = score(doc=2595,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19006458 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.53845 = boost
                5.878787 = idf(docFreq=328, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.3674242 = fieldWeight in 2595, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.878787 = idf(docFreq=328, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2595)
          0.18280497 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 2595) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18280497 = score(doc=2595,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.28653032 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.671364 = boost
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.63799524 = fieldWeight in 2595, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2595)
          0.06253593 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2595) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06253593 = score(doc=2595,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.14576362 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8580093 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.42902288 = fieldWeight in 2595, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2595)
          0.49457073 = weight(abstract_txt:collaborative in 2595) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.49457073 = score(doc=2595,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.4756537 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8481169 = boost
                5.881831 = idf(docFreq=327, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              1.0397706 = fieldWeight in 2595, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                5.881831 = idf(docFreq=327, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2595)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  3. Tao, Y.; Tombros, A.: How collaborators make sense of tasks together : a comparative analysis of collaborative sensemaking behavior in collaborative information-seeking tasks (2017) 0.37
    0.37452185 = sum of:
      0.37452185 = product of:
        1.1703808 = sum of:
          0.023973353 = weight(abstract_txt:article in 4894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023973353 = score(doc=4894,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08030349 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8212402 = idf(docFreq=2574, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.2985344 = fieldWeight in 4894, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.8212402 = idf(docFreq=2574, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4894)
          0.011663753 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 4894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011663753 = score(doc=4894,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06258699 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2485037 = boost
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.18636064 = fieldWeight in 4894, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4894)
          0.029782193 = weight(abstract_txt:research in 4894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029782193 = score(doc=4894,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.084315374 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2549655 = boost
                3.1970165 = idf(docFreq=4806, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.35322374 = fieldWeight in 4894, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.1970165 = idf(docFreq=4806, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4894)
          0.07929294 = weight(abstract_txt:activities in 4894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07929294 = score(doc=4894,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14149082 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3273851 = boost
                5.072257 = idf(docFreq=736, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.5604105 = fieldWeight in 4894, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.072257 = idf(docFreq=736, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4894)
          0.12503758 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 4894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12503758 = score(doc=4894,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.15214427 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3764505 = boost
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.82183564 = fieldWeight in 4894, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4894)
          0.1615783 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 4894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1615783 = score(doc=4894,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.28653032 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.671364 = boost
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.56391346 = fieldWeight in 4894, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4894)
          0.047869097 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047869097 = score(doc=4894,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.14576362 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8580093 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.32840222 = fieldWeight in 4894, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4894)
          0.6911837 = weight(abstract_txt:collaborative in 4894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.6911837 = score(doc=4894,freq=10.0), product of:
              0.4756537 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8481169 = boost
                5.881831 = idf(docFreq=327, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              1.4531237 = fieldWeight in 4894, product of:
                3.1622777 = tf(freq=10.0), with freq of:
                  10.0 = termFreq=10.0
                5.881831 = idf(docFreq=327, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4894)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  4. Blake, C.; Pratt, W.: Collaborative information synthesis II : recommendations for information systems to support synthesis activities (2006) 0.32
    0.31789097 = sum of:
      0.31789097 = product of:
        0.8830305 = sum of:
          0.03390344 = weight(abstract_txt:article in 1343) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03390344 = score(doc=1343,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08030349 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8212402 = idf(docFreq=2574, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.42219135 = fieldWeight in 1343, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.8212402 = idf(docFreq=2574, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1343)
          0.028570242 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 1343) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028570242 = score(doc=1343,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.06258699 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2485037 = boost
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.4564885 = fieldWeight in 1343, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1343)
          0.02105919 = weight(abstract_txt:research in 1343) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02105919 = score(doc=1343,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.084315374 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2549655 = boost
                3.1970165 = idf(docFreq=4806, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.24976692 = fieldWeight in 1343, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.1970165 = idf(docFreq=4806, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1343)
          0.05606858 = weight(abstract_txt:activities in 1343) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05606858 = score(doc=1343,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14149082 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3273851 = boost
                5.072257 = idf(docFreq=736, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.3962701 = fieldWeight in 1343, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.072257 = idf(docFreq=736, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1343)
          0.06251879 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 1343) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06251879 = score(doc=1343,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15214427 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3764505 = boost
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.41091782 = fieldWeight in 1343, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1343)
          0.26991576 = weight(abstract_txt:synthesis in 1343) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.26991576 = score(doc=1343,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.27970076 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8662921 = boost
                7.1315503 = idf(docFreq=93, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.9650162 = fieldWeight in 1343, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.1315503 = idf(docFreq=93, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1343)
          0.11425311 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 1343) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11425311 = score(doc=1343,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28653032 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.671364 = boost
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.39874703 = fieldWeight in 1343, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1343)
          0.07816991 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1343) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07816991 = score(doc=1343,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.14576362 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8580093 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.5362786 = fieldWeight in 1343, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1343)
          0.21857147 = weight(abstract_txt:collaborative in 1343) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21857147 = score(doc=1343,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4756537 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8481169 = boost
                5.881831 = idf(docFreq=327, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.45951807 = fieldWeight in 1343, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.881831 = idf(docFreq=327, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1343)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  5. Hertzum, M.: Collaborative information seeking : the combined activity of information seeking and collaborative grounding (2008) 0.30
    0.3016183 = sum of:
      0.3016183 = product of:
        1.256743 = sum of:
          0.013996503 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 4074) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013996503 = score(doc=4074,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06258699 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2485037 = boost
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.22363278 = fieldWeight in 4074, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3854163 = idf(docFreq=10822, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4074)
          0.09515153 = weight(abstract_txt:activities in 4074) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09515153 = score(doc=4074,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14149082 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3273851 = boost
                5.072257 = idf(docFreq=736, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.6724926 = fieldWeight in 4074, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.072257 = idf(docFreq=736, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4074)
          0.10475148 = weight(abstract_txt:collaboration in 4074) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10475148 = score(doc=4074,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19006458 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.53845 = boost
                5.878787 = idf(docFreq=328, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.55113626 = fieldWeight in 4074, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.878787 = idf(docFreq=328, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4074)
          0.30657327 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 4074) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30657327 = score(doc=4074,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.28653032 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.671364 = boost
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              1.0699506 = fieldWeight in 4074, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.103962 = idf(docFreq=713, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4074)
          0.09380389 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4074) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09380389 = score(doc=4074,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.14576362 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8580093 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              0.6435343 = fieldWeight in 4074, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4074)
          0.6424663 = weight(abstract_txt:collaborative in 4074) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.6424663 = score(doc=4074,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.4756537 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8481169 = boost
                5.881831 = idf(docFreq=327, maxDocs=43254)
                0.021015033 = queryNorm
              1.3507018 = fieldWeight in 4074, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                5.881831 = idf(docFreq=327, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4074)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)