Document (#38872)

Title
ORCID
Source
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/ORCID
Year
2015
Abstract
ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) ist ein nicht-proprietärer, überwiegend numerischer Code, der der eindeutigen Identifizierung wissenschaftlicher Autoren dienen soll.
Content
ORCID soll die elektronische Zuordnung von Publikation und Autoren ermöglichen. Dies ist notwendig, da verschiedene Autoren gleiche Namen haben können, Namen sich ändern (z. B. bei Heirat) und Namen in verschiedenen Publikationen unterschiedlich angegeben werden (z. B. einmal die ausgeschriebenen Vornamen, ein anderes Mal aber nur die Initialen). ORCID soll zum De-facto-Standard für die Autorenidentifikation wissenschaftlicher Publikationen werden. Die Etablierung wird von der Non-Profit-Organisation Open Researcher Contributor Identification Initiative organisiert. Zu den Gründungsmitgliedern der Initiative gehören zahlreiche wissenschaftliche Verlagsgruppen (z. B. Elsevier, Nature Publishing Group, Springer) und Forschungsorganisationen (z. B. EMBO, CERN). Die Planungen für ORCID wurden 2010 auf Umfragen gestützt. ORCID ging am 16. Oktober 2012 offiziell an den Start. Am Jahresende 2012 hatte ORCID 42.918 Registrierte, Jahresende 2013 waren es 460.000 Registrierte und im November 2014 hatte ORCID 1 Million Autorenidentifikationen ausgestellt. Vgl. auch den Zusammenhang mit der GND und den Erfassungsleitfaden der DNB unter: https://wiki.dnb.de/x/vYYGAw.
Theme
Formalerschließung
Normdateien
Object
ORCID
GND

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