Document (#39122)

Author
Freund, L.
Title
Contextualizing the information-seeking behavior of software engineers
Source
Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.8, S.1594-1605
Year
2015
Abstract
Information seeking in the workplace can vary substantially from one search to the next due to changes in the context of the search. Modeling these dynamic contextual effects is an important challenge facing the research community because it has the potential to lead to more responsive search systems. With this motivation, a study of software engineers was conducted to understand the role that contextual factors play in shaping their information-seeking behavior. Research was conducted in the field in a large technology company and comprised six unstructured interviews, a focus group, and 13 in-depth, semistructured interviews. Qualitative analysis revealed a set of contextual factors and related information behaviors. Results are formalized in the contextual model of source selection, the main contributions of which are the identification of two types of conditioning variables (requirements and constraints) that mediate between the contextual factors and source-selection decisions, and the articulation of dominant source-selection patterns. The study has implications for the design of context-sensitive search systems in this domain and may inform contextual approaches to information seeking in other professional domains.
Content
Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23278/abstract.
Theme
Informationsdienstleistungen

Similar documents (author)

  1. Freund, L.; Toms, E.G.: Interacting with archival finding aids (2016) 4.94
    4.9355655 = sum of:
      4.9355655 = weight(author_txt:freund in 4852) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.9355655 = fieldWeight in 4852, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=4852)
    
  2. Toms, E.G.; Freund, L.; Li, C.: WilRE: the Web Interactive information retrieval experimentation system prototype (2004) 3.70
    3.701674 = sum of:
      3.701674 = weight(author_txt:freund in 3535) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.701674 = fieldWeight in 3535, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
          0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=3535)
    
  3. Kopak, R.; Freund, L.; O'Brien, H.: Digital information interaction as semantic navigation (2011) 3.70
    3.701674 = sum of:
      3.701674 = weight(author_txt:freund in 2015) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.701674 = fieldWeight in 2015, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
          0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=2015)
    
  4. Wildemuth, B.; Freund, L.; Toms, E.G.: Untangling search task complexity and difficulty in the context of interactive information retrieval studies (2014) 3.70
    3.701674 = sum of:
      3.701674 = weight(author_txt:freund in 3787) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.701674 = fieldWeight in 3787, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
          0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=3787)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Agarwal, N.K.; Xu, Y.(C.); Poo, D.C.C.: ¬A context-based investigation into source use by information seekers (2011) 0.23
    0.23027079 = sum of:
      0.23027079 = product of:
        0.8223957 = sum of:
          0.024905642 = weight(abstract_txt:context in 1463) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024905642 = score(doc=1463,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09103388 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2222072 = boost
                4.377384 = idf(docFreq=1458, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.2735865 = fieldWeight in 1463, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.377384 = idf(docFreq=1458, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1463)
          0.043860704 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 1463) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043860704 = score(doc=1463,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13275625 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.475947 = boost
                5.286164 = idf(docFreq=587, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.33038524 = fieldWeight in 1463, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.286164 = idf(docFreq=587, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1463)
          0.028184956 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1463) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028184956 = score(doc=1463,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.07013963 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6962702 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.40184066 = fieldWeight in 1463, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1463)
          0.055966727 = weight(abstract_txt:factors in 1463) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055966727 = score(doc=1463,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17878109 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0977306 = boost
                5.008738 = idf(docFreq=775, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.31304613 = fieldWeight in 1463, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.008738 = idf(docFreq=775, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1463)
          0.21522892 = weight(abstract_txt:source in 1463) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21522892 = score(doc=1463,freq=13.0), product of:
              0.18663265 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1432989 = boost
                5.117541 = idf(docFreq=695, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              1.1532222 = fieldWeight in 1463, product of:
                3.6055512 = tf(freq=13.0), with freq of:
                  13.0 = termFreq=13.0
                5.117541 = idf(docFreq=695, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1463)
          0.11218193 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 1463) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11218193 = score(doc=1463,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.24828655 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8545318 = boost
                5.11181 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.45182446 = fieldWeight in 1463, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.11181 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1463)
          0.34206676 = weight(abstract_txt:contextual in 1463) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.34206676 = score(doc=1463,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.59764355 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4240665 = boost
                6.475505 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.57235914 = fieldWeight in 1463, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.475505 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1463)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Hyldegård, J.: Beyond the search process : exploring group members' information behavior in context (2009) 0.21
    0.21313456 = sum of:
      0.21313456 = product of:
        0.7611948 = sum of:
          0.10743635 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 4459) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10743635 = score(doc=4459,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.13275625 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.475947 = boost
                5.286164 = idf(docFreq=587, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.80927527 = fieldWeight in 4459, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                5.286164 = idf(docFreq=587, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4459)
          0.05564947 = weight(abstract_txt:interviews in 4459) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05564947 = score(doc=4459,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1555889 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5978374 = boost
                5.722719 = idf(docFreq=379, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.35766995 = fieldWeight in 4459, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.722719 = idf(docFreq=379, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4459)
          0.023820637 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4459) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023820637 = score(doc=4459,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.07013963 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6962702 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.33961737 = fieldWeight in 4459, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4459)
          0.040890772 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 4459) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040890772 = score(doc=4459,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12669362 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0390866 = boost
                3.6515355 = idf(docFreq=3014, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.3227532 = fieldWeight in 4459, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.6515355 = idf(docFreq=3014, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4459)
          0.0791489 = weight(abstract_txt:factors in 4459) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0791489 = score(doc=4459,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.17878109 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0977306 = boost
                5.008738 = idf(docFreq=775, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.44271407 = fieldWeight in 4459, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.008738 = idf(docFreq=775, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4459)
          0.11218193 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 4459) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11218193 = score(doc=4459,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.24828655 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8545318 = boost
                5.11181 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.45182446 = fieldWeight in 4459, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.11181 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4459)
          0.34206676 = weight(abstract_txt:contextual in 4459) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.34206676 = score(doc=4459,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.59764355 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4240665 = boost
                6.475505 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.57235914 = fieldWeight in 4459, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.475505 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4459)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Melucci, M.: Contextual search : a computational framework (2012) 0.20
    0.19842242 = sum of:
      0.19842242 = product of:
        0.9921121 = sum of:
          0.043137837 = weight(abstract_txt:context in 1914) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043137837 = score(doc=1914,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.09103388 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2222072 = boost
                4.377384 = idf(docFreq=1458, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.47386572 = fieldWeight in 1914, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.377384 = idf(docFreq=1458, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1914)
          0.010652913 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1914) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.010652913 = score(doc=1914,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07013963 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6962702 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.1518815 = fieldWeight in 1914, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1914)
          0.076499626 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 1914) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.076499626 = score(doc=1914,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.12669362 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0390866 = boost
                3.6515355 = idf(docFreq=3014, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.6038159 = fieldWeight in 1914, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                3.6515355 = idf(docFreq=3014, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1914)
          0.09693721 = weight(abstract_txt:factors in 1914) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09693721 = score(doc=1914,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.17878109 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0977306 = boost
                5.008738 = idf(docFreq=775, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.5422118 = fieldWeight in 1914, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.008738 = idf(docFreq=775, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1914)
          0.76488453 = weight(abstract_txt:contextual in 1914) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.76488453 = score(doc=1914,freq=10.0), product of:
              0.59764355 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4240665 = boost
                6.475505 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              1.279834 = fieldWeight in 1914, product of:
                3.1622777 = tf(freq=10.0), with freq of:
                  10.0 = termFreq=10.0
                6.475505 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1914)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Hertzum, M.: Expertise seeking : a review (2014) 0.18
    0.18055351 = sum of:
      0.18055351 = product of:
        0.7523063 = sum of:
          0.018451385 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4691) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.018451385 = score(doc=4691,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.07013963 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6962702 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.26306647 = fieldWeight in 4691, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4691)
          0.055966727 = weight(abstract_txt:factors in 4691) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055966727 = score(doc=4691,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17878109 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0977306 = boost
                5.008738 = idf(docFreq=775, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.31304613 = fieldWeight in 4691, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.008738 = idf(docFreq=775, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4691)
          0.15793484 = weight(abstract_txt:source in 4691) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15793484 = score(doc=4691,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.18663265 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1432989 = boost
                5.117541 = idf(docFreq=695, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.8462337 = fieldWeight in 4691, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                5.117541 = idf(docFreq=695, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4691)
          0.11942635 = weight(abstract_txt:selection in 4691) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11942635 = score(doc=4691,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.20546034 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2488108 = boost
                5.369471 = idf(docFreq=540, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.5812623 = fieldWeight in 4691, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.369471 = idf(docFreq=540, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4691)
          0.1586492 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 4691) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1586492 = score(doc=4691,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.24828655 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8545318 = boost
                5.11181 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.6389763 = fieldWeight in 4691, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.11181 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4691)
          0.24187773 = weight(abstract_txt:contextual in 4691) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24187773 = score(doc=4691,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.59764355 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4240665 = boost
                6.475505 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.40471905 = fieldWeight in 4691, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.475505 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4691)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Vuong, T.; Saastamoinen, M.; Jacucci, G.; Ruotsalo, T.: Understanding user behavior in naturalistic information search tasks (2019) 0.18
    0.17712739 = sum of:
      0.17712739 = product of:
        0.6325978 = sum of:
          0.024905642 = weight(abstract_txt:context in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024905642 = score(doc=1420,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09103388 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2222072 = boost
                4.377384 = idf(docFreq=1458, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.2735865 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.377384 = idf(docFreq=1458, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.08772141 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08772141 = score(doc=1420,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.13275625 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.475947 = boost
                5.286164 = idf(docFreq=587, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.6607705 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.286164 = idf(docFreq=587, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.028184956 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028184956 = score(doc=1420,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.07013963 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6962702 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.40184066 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.091434546 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.091434546 = score(doc=1420,freq=10.0), product of:
              0.12669362 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0390866 = boost
                3.6515355 = idf(docFreq=3014, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.7216981 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                3.1622777 = tf(freq=10.0), with freq of:
                  10.0 = termFreq=10.0
                3.6515355 = idf(docFreq=3014, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.0791489 = weight(abstract_txt:factors in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0791489 = score(doc=1420,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.17878109 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0977306 = boost
                5.008738 = idf(docFreq=775, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.44271407 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.008738 = idf(docFreq=775, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.0793246 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0793246 = score(doc=1420,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24828655 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8545318 = boost
                5.11181 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.31948814 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.11181 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.24187773 = weight(abstract_txt:contextual in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24187773 = score(doc=1420,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.59764355 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.4240665 = boost
                6.475505 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42740)
                0.017015455 = queryNorm
              0.40471905 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.475505 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)