Document (#40612)

Author
Hjoerland, B.
Title
Classification
Source
Knowledge organization. 44(2017) no.2, S.97-128
Year
2017
Abstract
This article presents and discusses definitions of the term "classification" and the related concepts "Concept/conceptualization," "categorization," "ordering," "taxonomy" and "typology." It further presents and discusses theories of classification including the influences of Aristotle and Wittgenstein. It presents different views on forming classes, including logical division, numerical taxonomy, historical classification, hermeneutical and pragmatic/critical views. Finally, issues related to artificial versus natural classification and taxonomic monism versus taxonomic pluralism are briefly presented and discussed.
Theme
Klassifikationstheorie: Elemente / Struktur

Similar documents (author)

  1. Hjoerland, B.: ¬The concept of 'subject' in information science (1992) 4.54
    4.5425787 = sum of:
      4.5425787 = weight(author_txt:hjoerland in 2247) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5425787 = fieldWeight in 2247, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.2681255 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2247)
    
  2. Hjoerland, B.: Subject representation and information seeking : contributions to a theory based on the theory of knowledge (1993) 4.54
    4.5425787 = sum of:
      4.5425787 = weight(author_txt:hjoerland in 555) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5425787 = fieldWeight in 555, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.2681255 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=555)
    
  3. Hjoerland, B.: Theory of information science : Reply to Professor Gernot Wersig (1998) 4.54
    4.5425787 = sum of:
      4.5425787 = weight(author_txt:hjoerland in 2404) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5425787 = fieldWeight in 2404, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.2681255 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2404)
    
  4. Hjoerland, B.: Information retrieval, text composition, and semantics (1998) 4.54
    4.5425787 = sum of:
      4.5425787 = weight(author_txt:hjoerland in 2650) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5425787 = fieldWeight in 2650, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.2681255 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2650)
    
  5. Hjoerland, B.: ¬The classification of psychology : a case study in the classification of a knowledge field (1998) 4.54
    4.5425787 = sum of:
      4.5425787 = weight(author_txt:hjoerland in 5784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5425787 = fieldWeight in 5784, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.2681255 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=43254)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=5784)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Richmond, P.A.: Reading list in classification theory (1972) 0.12
    0.115690105 = sum of:
      0.115690105 = product of:
        0.7230632 = sum of:
          0.114690386 = weight(abstract_txt:definitions in 1442) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.114690386 = score(doc=1442,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1202028 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0466726 = boost
                6.1065006 = idf(docFreq=261, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.9541407 = fieldWeight in 1442, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.1065006 = idf(docFreq=261, maxDocs=43254)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=1442)
          0.07592911 = weight(abstract_txt:related in 1442) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07592911 = score(doc=1442,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.115039095 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4480758 = boost
                4.224184 = idf(docFreq=1720, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.66002876 = fieldWeight in 1442, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.224184 = idf(docFreq=1720, maxDocs=43254)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=1442)
          0.21059759 = weight(abstract_txt:views in 1442) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21059759 = score(doc=1442,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22709568 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0345716 = boost
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.92735183 = fieldWeight in 1442, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=1442)
          0.32184607 = weight(abstract_txt:classification in 1442) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.32184607 = score(doc=1442,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.25761157 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4262674 = boost
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              1.2493463 = fieldWeight in 1442, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=1442)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  2. Needham, R.M.; Sparck Jones, K.: Keywords and clumps (1985) 0.11
    0.114044234 = sum of:
      0.114044234 = product of:
        0.47518432 = sum of:
          0.066158175 = weight(abstract_txt:classes in 5646) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.066158175 = score(doc=5646,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.109721795 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.8342032 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.6029629 = fieldWeight in 5646, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                5.8342032 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=5646)
          0.106236495 = weight(abstract_txt:forming in 5646) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.106236495 = score(doc=5646,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.19956237 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3486302 = boost
                7.8681827 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.5323473 = fieldWeight in 5646, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.8681827 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=5646)
          0.09069578 = weight(abstract_txt:numerical in 5646) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09069578 = score(doc=5646,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20558178 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3688185 = boost
                7.9859657 = idf(docFreq=39, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.44116643 = fieldWeight in 5646, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.9859657 = idf(docFreq=39, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=5646)
          0.026844995 = weight(abstract_txt:related in 5646) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026844995 = score(doc=5646,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.115039095 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4480758 = boost
                4.224184 = idf(docFreq=1720, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.2333554 = fieldWeight in 5646, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.224184 = idf(docFreq=1720, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=5646)
          0.095290184 = weight(abstract_txt:taxonomy in 5646) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.095290184 = score(doc=5646,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.26769197 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2089517 = boost
                6.4437366 = idf(docFreq=186, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.35596952 = fieldWeight in 5646, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.4437366 = idf(docFreq=186, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=5646)
          0.089958705 = weight(abstract_txt:classification in 5646) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.089958705 = score(doc=5646,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.25761157 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4262674 = boost
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.3492029 = fieldWeight in 5646, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=5646)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Stock, W.G.: Concepts and semantic relations in information science (2010) 0.11
    0.112816855 = sum of:
      0.112816855 = product of:
        0.47007024 = sum of:
          0.035007615 = weight(abstract_txt:classes in 473) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035007615 = score(doc=473,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.109721795 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.8342032 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.319058 = fieldWeight in 473, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8342032 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=473)
          0.056768846 = weight(abstract_txt:definitions in 473) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.056768846 = score(doc=473,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1202028 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0466726 = boost
                6.1065006 = idf(docFreq=261, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.47227556 = fieldWeight in 473, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.1065006 = idf(docFreq=261, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=473)
          0.10813906 = weight(abstract_txt:wittgenstein in 473) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10813906 = score(doc=473,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23272316 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4563755 = boost
                8.496791 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.46466824 = fieldWeight in 473, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.496791 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=473)
          0.11949922 = weight(abstract_txt:aristotle in 473) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11949922 = score(doc=473,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24874896 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5056852 = boost
                8.784473 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.4804009 = fieldWeight in 473, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.784473 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=473)
          0.094332464 = weight(abstract_txt:taxonomy in 473) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.094332464 = score(doc=473,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26769197 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2089517 = boost
                6.4437366 = idf(docFreq=186, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.35239184 = fieldWeight in 473, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4437366 = idf(docFreq=186, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=473)
          0.05632306 = weight(abstract_txt:classification in 473) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05632306 = score(doc=473,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25761157 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4262674 = boost
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.21863559 = fieldWeight in 473, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=473)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Prieto-Díaz, R.: ¬A faceted approach to building ontologies (2002) 0.10
    0.099778205 = sum of:
      0.099778205 = product of:
        0.41574252 = sum of:
          0.045876157 = weight(abstract_txt:definitions in 3724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.045876157 = score(doc=3724,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1202028 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0466726 = boost
                6.1065006 = idf(docFreq=261, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.3816563 = fieldWeight in 3724, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.1065006 = idf(docFreq=261, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3724)
          0.08333268 = weight(abstract_txt:categorization in 3724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08333268 = score(doc=3724,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1420333 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1377547 = boost
                6.6378922 = idf(docFreq=153, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.5867123 = fieldWeight in 3724, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.6378922 = idf(docFreq=153, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3724)
          0.083984315 = weight(abstract_txt:conceptualization in 3724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.083984315 = score(doc=3724,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17988242 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2804066 = boost
                7.4701524 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.46688452 = fieldWeight in 3724, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.4701524 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3724)
          0.030371644 = weight(abstract_txt:related in 3724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030371644 = score(doc=3724,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.115039095 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4480758 = boost
                4.224184 = idf(docFreq=1720, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.2640115 = fieldWeight in 3724, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.224184 = idf(docFreq=1720, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3724)
          0.10780853 = weight(abstract_txt:taxonomy in 3724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10780853 = score(doc=3724,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26769197 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2089517 = boost
                6.4437366 = idf(docFreq=186, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.40273353 = fieldWeight in 3724, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4437366 = idf(docFreq=186, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3724)
          0.06436921 = weight(abstract_txt:classification in 3724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06436921 = score(doc=3724,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25761157 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4262674 = boost
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.24986924 = fieldWeight in 3724, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3724)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Hjoerland, B.: ¬The classification of psychology : a case study in the classification of a knowledge field (1998) 0.09
    0.09412256 = sum of:
      0.09412256 = product of:
        0.39217734 = sum of:
          0.053641997 = weight(abstract_txt:influences in 5784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.053641997 = score(doc=5784,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14583257 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1528713 = boost
                6.726085 = idf(docFreq=140, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.36783278 = fieldWeight in 5784, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.726085 = idf(docFreq=140, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=5784)
          0.059804216 = weight(abstract_txt:pragmatic in 5784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.059804216 = score(doc=5784,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15679748 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1954271 = boost
                6.9743648 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.38141057 = fieldWeight in 5784, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.9743648 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=5784)
          0.02657519 = weight(abstract_txt:related in 5784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02657519 = score(doc=5784,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.115039095 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4480758 = boost
                4.224184 = idf(docFreq=1720, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.23101006 = fieldWeight in 5784, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.224184 = idf(docFreq=1720, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=5784)
          0.029429998 = weight(abstract_txt:including in 5784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029429998 = score(doc=5784,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12313685 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.498175 = boost
                4.370329 = idf(docFreq=1486, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.23900236 = fieldWeight in 5784, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.370329 = idf(docFreq=1486, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=5784)
          0.07370916 = weight(abstract_txt:views in 5784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07370916 = score(doc=5784,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22709568 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0345716 = boost
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.32457316 = fieldWeight in 5784, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.935052 = idf(docFreq=310, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=5784)
          0.1490168 = weight(abstract_txt:classification in 5784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1490168 = score(doc=5784,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.25761157 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4262674 = boost
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018806646 = queryNorm
              0.5784554 = fieldWeight in 5784, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                3.9979079 = idf(docFreq=2157, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=5784)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)