Document (#41216)

Author
Rötzer, F.
Title
KI-Programm besser als Menschen im Verständnis natürlicher Sprache
Issue
[16. Januar 2018].
Source
https://www.heise.de/tp/features/KI-Programm-besser-als-Menschen-im-Verstaendnis-natuerlicher-Sprache-3941786.html?view=print
Year
2018
Series
Telepolis
Abstract
Jetzt scheint es allmählich ans Eingemachte zu gehen. Ein von der chinesischen Alibaba-Gruppe entwickelte KI-Programm konnte erstmals Menschen in der Beantwortung von Fragen und dem Verständnis von Text schlagen. Die chinesische Regierung will das Land führend in der Entwicklung von Künstlicher Intelligenz machen und hat dafür eine nationale Strategie aufgestellt. Dazu ernannte das Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Technik die Internetkonzerne Baidu, Alibaba und Tencent sowie iFlyTek zum ersten nationalen Team für die Entwicklung der KI-Technik der nächsten Generation. Baidu ist zuständig für die Entwicklung autonomer Fahrzeuge, Alibaba für die Entwicklung von Clouds für "city brains" (Smart Cities sollen sich an ihre Einwohner und ihre Umgebung anpassen), Tencent für die Enwicklung von Computervision für medizinische Anwendungen und iFlyTec für "Stimmenintelligenz". Die vier Konzerne sollen offene Plattformen herstellen, die auch andere Firmen und Start-ups verwenden können. Überdies wird bei Peking für eine Milliarde US-Dollar ein Technologiepark für die Entwicklung von KI gebaut. Dabei geht es selbstverständlich nicht nur um zivile Anwendungen, sondern auch militärische. Noch gibt es in den USA mehr KI-Firmen, aber China liegt bereits an zweiter Stelle. Das Pentagon ist beunruhigt. Offenbar kommt China rasch vorwärts. Ende 2017 stellte die KI-Firma iFlyTek, die zunächst auf Stimmerkennung und digitale Assistenten spezialisiert war, einen Roboter vor, der den schriftlichen Test der nationalen Medizinprüfung erfolgreich bestanden hatte. Der Roboter war nicht nur mit immensem Wissen aus 53 medizinischen Lehrbüchern, 2 Millionen medizinischen Aufzeichnungen und 400.000 medizinischen Texten und Berichten gefüttert worden, er soll von Medizinexperten klinische Erfahrungen und Falldiagnosen übernommen haben. Eingesetzt werden soll er, in China herrscht vor allem auf dem Land, Ärztemangel, als Helfer, der mit der automatischen Auswertung von Patientendaten eine erste Diagnose erstellt und ansonsten Ärzten mit Vorschlägen zur Seite stehen.
Content
Vgl.: http://www.heise.de/-3941786.
Theme
Computerlinguistik
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft
Informatik

Similar documents (author)

  1. Rötzer, F.: Digitale Weltentwürfe : Streifzüge durch die Netzkultur (1998) 5.08
    5.079034 = sum of:
      5.079034 = weight(author_txt:rötzer in 5713) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.079034 = fieldWeight in 5713, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.126454 = idf(docFreq=34, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=5713)
    
  2. Rötzer, F.: Grundlagen einer neurotechnologischen Ethik (1996) 5.08
    5.079034 = sum of:
      5.079034 = weight(author_txt:rötzer in 2995) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.079034 = fieldWeight in 2995, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.126454 = idf(docFreq=34, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2995)
    
  3. Rötzer, F.: Sicherheit geht vor Datenschutz (2006) 5.08
    5.079034 = sum of:
      5.079034 = weight(author_txt:rötzer in 5930) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.079034 = fieldWeight in 5930, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.126454 = idf(docFreq=34, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=5930)
    
  4. Rötzer, F.: Unsterblichkeiten und Körperverbesserungen : Von digitalen Träumereien, materiellen Wirklichkeiten und der Hoffnung auf den Zufall (2000) 5.08
    5.079034 = sum of:
      5.079034 = weight(author_txt:rötzer in 338) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.079034 = fieldWeight in 338, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.126454 = idf(docFreq=34, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=338)
    
  5. Rötzer, F.: "Das Dasein des Menschen macht die Existenz der Dinge doch erst interessant" (1984) 5.08
    5.079034 = sum of:
      5.079034 = weight(author_txt:rötzer in 952) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.079034 = fieldWeight in 952, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.126454 = idf(docFreq=34, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=952)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Rötzer, F.: Chinesischer Roboter besteht weltweit erstmals Zulassungsprüfung für Mediziner (2017) 0.17
    0.16976446 = sum of:
      0.16976446 = product of:
        1.0610279 = sum of:
          0.30401105 = weight(abstract_txt:bestanden in 264) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30401105 = score(doc=264,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.17663981 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.013906 = boost
                9.735892 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              1.7210789 = fieldWeight in 264, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                9.735892 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=264)
          0.06774489 = weight(abstract_txt:soll in 264) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06774489 = score(doc=264,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10306235 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.095263 = boost
                5.258556 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.6573195 = fieldWeight in 264, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.258556 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=264)
          0.365413 = weight(abstract_txt:roboter in 264) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.365413 = score(doc=264,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.25159097 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7112597 = boost
                8.216067 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              1.4524091 = fieldWeight in 264, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.216067 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=264)
          0.32385895 = weight(abstract_txt:china in 264) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.32385895 = score(doc=264,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.26572967 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1539423 = boost
                6.894311 = idf(docFreq=119, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              1.2187535 = fieldWeight in 264, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.894311 = idf(docFreq=119, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=264)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  2. Kornwachs, K.: Bewusstsein braucht Körper (2000) 0.14
    0.14230062 = sum of:
      0.14230062 = product of:
        0.5082165 = sum of:
          0.021269474 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 336) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021269474 = score(doc=336,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06866371 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0949081 = boost
                3.5045679 = idf(docFreq=3558, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.30976295 = fieldWeight in 336, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5045679 = idf(docFreq=3558, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=336)
          0.033872444 = weight(abstract_txt:soll in 336) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.033872444 = score(doc=336,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10306235 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.095263 = boost
                5.258556 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.32865974 = fieldWeight in 336, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.258556 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=336)
          0.07226118 = weight(abstract_txt:menschen in 336) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07226118 = score(doc=336,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.118421875 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.174044 = boost
                5.6367974 = idf(docFreq=421, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.61020124 = fieldWeight in 336, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.6367974 = idf(docFreq=421, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=336)
          0.043672133 = weight(abstract_txt:sollen in 336) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043672133 = score(doc=336,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12208771 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1920772 = boost
                5.723378 = idf(docFreq=386, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.35771114 = fieldWeight in 336, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.723378 = idf(docFreq=386, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=336)
          0.079851866 = weight(abstract_txt:technik in 336) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.079851866 = score(doc=336,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14489356 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2986525 = boost
                6.2350655 = idf(docFreq=231, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.5511071 = fieldWeight in 336, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.2350655 = idf(docFreq=231, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=336)
          0.1827065 = weight(abstract_txt:roboter in 336) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1827065 = score(doc=336,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.25159097 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7112597 = boost
                8.216067 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.7262046 = fieldWeight in 336, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.216067 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=336)
          0.07458288 = weight(abstract_txt:entwicklung in 336) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07458288 = score(doc=336,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2367419 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6246777 = boost
                5.040621 = idf(docFreq=765, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.3150388 = fieldWeight in 336, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.040621 = idf(docFreq=765, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=336)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Gabrys-Deutscher, E.: ViFaTec : Die Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Technik (2001) 0.09
    0.0945581 = sum of:
      0.0945581 = product of:
        0.3939921 = sum of:
          0.02963839 = weight(abstract_txt:soll in 900) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02963839 = score(doc=900,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10306235 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.095263 = boost
                5.258556 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.28757727 = fieldWeight in 900, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.258556 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=900)
          0.03821312 = weight(abstract_txt:sollen in 900) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03821312 = score(doc=900,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12208771 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1920772 = boost
                5.723378 = idf(docFreq=386, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.31299725 = fieldWeight in 900, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.723378 = idf(docFreq=386, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=900)
          0.11047478 = weight(abstract_txt:technik in 900) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11047478 = score(doc=900,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.14489356 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2986525 = boost
                6.2350655 = idf(docFreq=231, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.76245475 = fieldWeight in 900, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                6.2350655 = idf(docFreq=231, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=900)
          0.06855465 = weight(abstract_txt:programm in 900) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06855465 = score(doc=900,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18025538 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4484801 = boost
                6.954415 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.38031957 = fieldWeight in 900, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.954415 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=900)
          0.08185114 = weight(abstract_txt:nationalen in 900) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08185114 = score(doc=900,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20286797 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5366507 = boost
                7.3777375 = idf(docFreq=73, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.40347 = fieldWeight in 900, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3777375 = idf(docFreq=73, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=900)
          0.06526003 = weight(abstract_txt:entwicklung in 900) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06526003 = score(doc=900,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2367419 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6246777 = boost
                5.040621 = idf(docFreq=765, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.27565897 = fieldWeight in 900, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.040621 = idf(docFreq=765, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=900)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Wissensorganisation in kooperativen Lern- und Arbeitsumgebungen : Proceedings der 8. Tagung der Deutschen Sektion der Internationalen Gesellschaft für Wissensorganisation, Regensburg, 9.-11. Oktober 2002 (2004) 0.09
    0.08613976 = sum of:
      0.08613976 = product of:
        0.307642 = sum of:
          0.011279842 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 862) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011279842 = score(doc=862,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06866371 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0949081 = boost
                3.5045679 = idf(docFreq=3558, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.16427661 = fieldWeight in 862, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5045679 = idf(docFreq=3558, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=862)
          0.025404332 = weight(abstract_txt:soll in 862) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025404332 = score(doc=862,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10306235 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.095263 = boost
                5.258556 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.2464948 = fieldWeight in 862, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.258556 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=862)
          0.0327541 = weight(abstract_txt:sollen in 862) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0327541 = score(doc=862,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12208771 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1920772 = boost
                5.723378 = idf(docFreq=386, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.26828337 = fieldWeight in 862, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.723378 = idf(docFreq=386, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=862)
          0.05798764 = weight(abstract_txt:anwendungen in 862) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05798764 = score(doc=862,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14181052 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2847619 = boost
                6.168374 = idf(docFreq=247, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.4089093 = fieldWeight in 862, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.168374 = idf(docFreq=247, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=862)
          0.042347852 = weight(abstract_txt:technik in 862) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042347852 = score(doc=862,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14489356 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2986525 = boost
                6.2350655 = idf(docFreq=231, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.2922687 = fieldWeight in 862, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.2350655 = idf(docFreq=231, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=862)
          0.058761127 = weight(abstract_txt:programm in 862) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.058761127 = score(doc=862,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18025538 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4484801 = boost
                6.954415 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.3259882 = fieldWeight in 862, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.954415 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=862)
          0.0791071 = weight(abstract_txt:entwicklung in 862) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0791071 = score(doc=862,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.2367419 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6246777 = boost
                5.040621 = idf(docFreq=765, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.33414912 = fieldWeight in 862, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.040621 = idf(docFreq=765, maxDocs=43556)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=862)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  5. Gaus, W.: Information und Dokumentation in der Medizin (2004) 0.08
    0.08054508 = sum of:
      0.08054508 = product of:
        0.50340676 = sum of:
          0.11267087 = weight(abstract_txt:klinische in 3950) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11267087 = score(doc=3950,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18227765 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0299594 = boost
                9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.6181277 = fieldWeight in 3950, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3950)
          0.0150397895 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 3950) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0150397895 = score(doc=3950,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06866371 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0949081 = boost
                3.5045679 = idf(docFreq=3558, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.21903549 = fieldWeight in 3950, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5045679 = idf(docFreq=3558, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3950)
          0.0951272 = weight(abstract_txt:firmen in 3950) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0951272 = score(doc=3950,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2051503 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5452704 = boost
                7.4191227 = idf(docFreq=70, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.46369517 = fieldWeight in 3950, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.4191227 = idf(docFreq=70, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3950)
          0.28056893 = weight(abstract_txt:medizinischen in 3950) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.28056893 = score(doc=3950,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.38333854 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5870528 = boost
                8.280605 = idf(docFreq=29, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017894316 = queryNorm
              0.73190904 = fieldWeight in 3950, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.280605 = idf(docFreq=29, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3950)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)