Document (#41219)

Author
Rötzer, F.
Title
KI-Programm besser als Menschen im Verständnis natürlicher Sprache
Issue
[16. Januar 2018].
Source
https://www.heise.de/tp/features/KI-Programm-besser-als-Menschen-im-Verstaendnis-natuerlicher-Sprache-3941786.html?view=print
Year
2018
Series
Telepolis
Abstract
Jetzt scheint es allmählich ans Eingemachte zu gehen. Ein von der chinesischen Alibaba-Gruppe entwickelte KI-Programm konnte erstmals Menschen in der Beantwortung von Fragen und dem Verständnis von Text schlagen. Die chinesische Regierung will das Land führend in der Entwicklung von Künstlicher Intelligenz machen und hat dafür eine nationale Strategie aufgestellt. Dazu ernannte das Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Technik die Internetkonzerne Baidu, Alibaba und Tencent sowie iFlyTek zum ersten nationalen Team für die Entwicklung der KI-Technik der nächsten Generation. Baidu ist zuständig für die Entwicklung autonomer Fahrzeuge, Alibaba für die Entwicklung von Clouds für "city brains" (Smart Cities sollen sich an ihre Einwohner und ihre Umgebung anpassen), Tencent für die Enwicklung von Computervision für medizinische Anwendungen und iFlyTec für "Stimmenintelligenz". Die vier Konzerne sollen offene Plattformen herstellen, die auch andere Firmen und Start-ups verwenden können. Überdies wird bei Peking für eine Milliarde US-Dollar ein Technologiepark für die Entwicklung von KI gebaut. Dabei geht es selbstverständlich nicht nur um zivile Anwendungen, sondern auch militärische. Noch gibt es in den USA mehr KI-Firmen, aber China liegt bereits an zweiter Stelle. Das Pentagon ist beunruhigt. Offenbar kommt China rasch vorwärts. Ende 2017 stellte die KI-Firma iFlyTek, die zunächst auf Stimmerkennung und digitale Assistenten spezialisiert war, einen Roboter vor, der den schriftlichen Test der nationalen Medizinprüfung erfolgreich bestanden hatte. Der Roboter war nicht nur mit immensem Wissen aus 53 medizinischen Lehrbüchern, 2 Millionen medizinischen Aufzeichnungen und 400.000 medizinischen Texten und Berichten gefüttert worden, er soll von Medizinexperten klinische Erfahrungen und Falldiagnosen übernommen haben. Eingesetzt werden soll er, in China herrscht vor allem auf dem Land, Ärztemangel, als Helfer, der mit der automatischen Auswertung von Patientendaten eine erste Diagnose erstellt und ansonsten Ärzten mit Vorschlägen zur Seite stehen.
Content
Vgl.: http://www.heise.de/-3941786.
Theme
Computerlinguistik
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft
Informatik

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