Document (#41384)

Author
Zimmer, D.E.
Title
Mr. Searle im Chinesischen Zimmer : über Computer, Gehirne und Geist
Source
Zimmer, D.E.: Die Elektrifizierung der Sprache
Imprint
Zürich : Haffmans
Year
1990
Pages
S.203-237
Abstract
EINE PROVOKATION feiert Geburtstag. Vor nunmehr zehn Jahren löste sie eine kontroverse Debatte aus, die anders als die meisten wissenschaftlichen Debatten nach dem Austausch der Argumente und Daten nicht im Nu erledigt war. Sie zieht sich bis heute hin und macht keinerlei Anstalten, sich zu legen. Vordergründig geht es um Chinesische Zimmer und Chinesische Turnhallen, um Schnellrestaurants, um sprechende Maschinen, um Computer und wieviel Intelligenz sie eines Tages ihr eigen nennen könnten - und in Wahrheit bei alledem um die Letzten Dinge, jene, die Leidenschaften wekken: Was ist der menschliche Geist? Kann es eines Tages eine Maschine geben, die Geist hat? Was die Kontroverse in Gang setzte, war eine Herausforderung an die junge Disziplin der Künstlichen Intelligenz. Das menschliche Geistorgan, so lautete sie, funktioniere nicht wie ein Computer, und folglich könne ein Computer es auch nie und nimmer duplizieren.
Content
Als Taschenbuch München: Heyne, 1997, S.211-248.

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