Document (#41384)

Author
Greve, J.
Title
Kommunikation und Bedeutung : Grice-Programm, Sprechakttheorie und radikale Interpretation
Imprint
Würzburg : Königshausen & Neumann
Year
2003
Pages
192 S
Isbn
3-8260-2597-0
Series
Epistemata : Reihe Philosophie ; 350
Abstract
In der Studie werden drei pragmatisch orientierte Bedeutungstheorien untersucht. Dem von Grice ausgehenden Ansatz nach lässt sich Bedeutung aus Sprecherabsichten ableiten. Die Sprechakttheorie in der von Searle und Habermas vorgetragenen Form geht davon aus, Bedeutung und Handlung seien über konstitutive Regeln verbunden. Davidson entwickelt die Bedeutungstheorie als eine Wahrheitstheorie, welche den Erfordernissen an eine Bedeutungstheorie angepasst wird. Da diese für Davidson die Gestalt einer Interpretationstheorie annimmt, müssen in einer Theorie der Bedeutung die Überzeugungen und Absichten der Sprechenden berücksichtigt werden. Gleichwohl ist es ihm zufolge nicht möglich, die Bedeutungen aus den Sprecherabsichten abzuleiten, wie im Grice-Programm behauptet, oder im Sinne der Sprechakttheorie auf konstitutive Regeln zurückzuführen. Vielmehr sind für Davidson Bedeutungen und Handlungen partiell voneinander unabhängig (Prinzip der Autonomie der Bedeutung) und beide können daher nicht über ein Set von Regeln miteinander verbunden werden. Kommunikation und Bedeutung plädiert für die Davidsonianische Perspektive, auch wenn man gezwungen ist, Davidsons Argumente zu ergänzen und zum Teil zu revidieren. Insbesondere sein Argument gegen den Konventionalismus in der Bedeutungstheorie muss schwächer gefasst werden, da Regelmäßigkeiten in der Sprachverwendung durchaus als notwendige Bedingungen der Interpretation verstanden werden können.
Footnote
Zugl.: Erfurt, Univ., Diss., 2001.
Theme
Information
Field
Sprachwissenschaft
Philosophie
LCSH
Speech acts (Linguistics)
RSWK
Davidson, Donald / Bedeutung / Handlung / Sprechakttheorie / Handlungstheoretische Semantik / Habermas, Jürgen
BK
08.34 Sprachphilosophie
DDC
306.44
LCC
P95.55.G67 2003
RVK
CC 4800
ER 965
ER 990

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