Document (#42194)

Author
Pasquinelli, M.
Title
Die Regierung des digitalen Mehrwerts : Von der Netz-Gesellschaft zur Gesellschaft der Metadaten
Source
http://matteopasquinelli.com/docs/Pasquinelli_Digitaler_Mehrwert.pdf
Year
2010
Abstract
In einer Zukunftsvision der kalifornischen Technokultur wird die Singularitätmärchenhaft als der Moment verklärt, in dem die Fortschritte der Vernetzung und Rechenleistung darin gipfeln werden, dass Computer "Bewusstsein" und Unabhängigkeit vom Menschen erlangen.2 Der Mythos, dass die Maschinen eines Tages die Kontrolle über genau jene Menschheit übernehmen werden, der sie ihre Existenz verdanken, ist nach einem Jahrhundert Science-Fiction, von Samuel Butlers Roman Erewhon aus dem Jahr 1872 (der unter anderem Gilles Deleuze und Felix Guattari zu ihrem Begriff der Maschine angeregt hat) bis zum Film Matrix von 1999, zum Volks-Aberglauben geworden. Derartige dystopische und eindeutig reaktionäre Visionen bilden nicht nur den gegenwärtigen Konflikt zwischen kollektivem Körper und maschineller Ausbeutung ab, sondern stützen sich auch unverkennbar auf die techno-deterministische Annahme einer Autonomie der Maschinen von der politischen Macht des Sozialen. Am Begriff der Singularität lässt sich beispielhaft zeigen, wo das Netz seine Grenzen findet, wo Momente des Bruchs auftreten, und wo Transformationen zu neuen technologischen und sozialen Konfiguration stattfinden. Die Geschichte der Medien ist eine Geschichte der kontinuierlichen Akkumulation von Energie, eine Geschichte von Paradigmen-Brüchen und von Übergängen durch Momente der Singularität. Dabei reproduziert sich ein und dieselbe Ökonomie über alle Abfolgen von Krisen und Brüchen hinweg, von einer Produktionsform zur anderen, so dass man beinahe den Moment der Singularität selbst als das bestimmende Modell der Ökonomie betrachten könnte, die sich ja aus den Effekten der Akkumulation und der Verwandlung von einfachem Geld in Finanzkapital speist.
Content
Vgl. auch: https://www.academia.edu/37260104/Die_Gesellschaft_der_Metadaten (A. Lobe).
Theme
Internet
Field
Kommunikationswissenschaften

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