Document (#42455)

Author
Lu, W.
Li, X.
Liu, Z.
Cheng, Q.
Title
How do author-selected keywords function semantically in scientific manuscripts?
Source
Knowledge organization. 46(2019) no.6, S.403-418
Year
2019
Abstract
Author-selected keywords have been widely utilized for indexing, information retrieval, bibliometrics and knowledge organization in previous studies. However, few studies exist con-cerning how author-selected keywords function semantically in scientific manuscripts. In this paper, we investigated this problem from the perspective of term function (TF) by devising indica-tors of the diversity and symmetry of keyword term functions in papers, as well as the intensity of individual term functions in papers. The data obtained from the whole Journal of Informetrics(JOI) were manually processed by an annotation scheme of key-word term functions, including "research topic," "research method," "research object," "research area," "data" and "others," based on empirical work in content analysis. The results show, quantitatively, that the diversity of keyword term function de-creases, and the irregularity increases with the number of author-selected keywords in a paper. Moreover, the distribution of the intensity of individual keyword term function indicated that no significant difference exists between the ranking of the five term functions with the increase of the number of author-selected keywords (i.e., "research topic" > "research method" > "research object" > "research area" > "data"). The findings indicate that precise keyword related research must take into account the dis-tinct types of author-selected keywords.
Content
DOI:10.5771/0943-7444-2019-6-403.

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