Document (#43179)

Author
Ma, L.
Title
¬The steering effects of citations and metrics
Source
Journal of documentation. 77(2021) no.2, S.420-431
Year
2021
Abstract
Purpose This paper aims to understand the nature of citations and metrics in the larger system of knowledge production involving universities, funding agencies, publishers, and indexing and data analytic services. Design/methodology/approach First, the normative and social constructivist views of citations are reviewed to be understood as co-existing conditions. Second, metrics are examined through the processes of commensuration by tracing the meanings of metrics embedded in various kinds of documents and contexts. Third, the steering effects of citations and metrics on knowledge production are discussed. Finally, the conclusion addresses questions pertaining to the validity and legitimacy of citations as data and their implications for knowledge production and the conception of information. Findings The normative view of citations is understood as an ideal speech situation; the social constructivist view of citation is recognised in the system of knowledge production where citing motivations are influenced by epistemic, social and political factors. When organisational performances are prioritised and generate system imperatives, motives of competition become dominant in shaping citing behaviour, which can deviate from the norms and values in the academic lifeworld. As a result, citations and metrics become a non-linguistic steering medium rather than evidence of research quality and impact. Originality/value This paper contributes to the understanding of the nature of citations and metrics and their implications for the conception of information and knowledge production.
Content
Vgl.: https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-06-2020-0093.
Theme
Informetrie

Similar documents (content)

  1. Haustein, S.; Sugimoto, C.; Larivière, V.: Social media in scholarly communication : Guest editorial (2015) 0.13
    0.13167836 = sum of:
      0.13167836 = product of:
        0.47027987 = sum of:
          0.019049326 = weight(abstract_txt:effects in 5274) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019049326 = score(doc=5274,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10854855 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4392562 = boost
                5.6157217 = idf(docFreq=427, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.1754913 = fieldWeight in 5274, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6157217 = idf(docFreq=427, maxDocs=43254)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=5274)
          0.024877608 = weight(abstract_txt:social in 5274) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024877608 = score(doc=5274,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.093523435 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6361833 = boost
                4.256064 = idf(docFreq=1666, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.266004 = fieldWeight in 5274, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.256064 = idf(docFreq=1666, maxDocs=43254)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=5274)
          0.045997456 = weight(abstract_txt:citing in 5274) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.045997456 = score(doc=5274,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15506609 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.720222 = boost
                6.7120004 = idf(docFreq=142, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.2966313 = fieldWeight in 5274, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.7120004 = idf(docFreq=142, maxDocs=43254)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=5274)
          0.012333565 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 5274) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012333565 = score(doc=5274,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11025798 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2935126 = boost
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.111860976 = fieldWeight in 5274, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=5274)
          0.051209018 = weight(abstract_txt:production in 5274) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.051209018 = score(doc=5274,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2848275 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6862693 = boost
                5.753267 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.17978959 = fieldWeight in 5274, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.753267 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=43254)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=5274)
          0.09329413 = weight(abstract_txt:citations in 5274) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09329413 = score(doc=5274,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.39441234 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.486954 = boost
                5.3522797 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.23653957 = fieldWeight in 5274, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.3522797 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=43254)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=5274)
          0.22351879 = weight(abstract_txt:metrics in 5274) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22351879 = score(doc=5274,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.53610474 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.9839087 = boost
                6.670899 = idf(docFreq=148, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.41693118 = fieldWeight in 5274, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.670899 = idf(docFreq=148, maxDocs=43254)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=5274)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Lee, C.J.; Sugimoto, C.R.; Zhang, G.; Cronin, B.: Bias in peer review (2013) 0.12
    0.11967762 = sum of:
      0.11967762 = product of:
        0.42742005 = sum of:
          0.05284479 = weight(abstract_txt:epistemic in 1990) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05284479 = score(doc=1990,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10715417 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0111501 = boost
                7.8906555 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.49316597 = fieldWeight in 1990, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.8906555 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1990)
          0.07754872 = weight(abstract_txt:legitimacy in 1990) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07754872 = score(doc=1990,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13837492 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1490523 = boost
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.5604247 = fieldWeight in 1990, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1990)
          0.019665178 = weight(abstract_txt:implications in 1990) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019665178 = score(doc=1990,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.069847286 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1545184 = boost
                4.5047255 = idf(docFreq=1299, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.28154534 = fieldWeight in 1990, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.5047255 = idf(docFreq=1299, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1990)
          0.03518225 = weight(abstract_txt:social in 1990) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03518225 = score(doc=1990,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.093523435 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6361833 = boost
                4.256064 = idf(docFreq=1666, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.37618646 = fieldWeight in 1990, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.256064 = idf(docFreq=1666, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1990)
          0.07733797 = weight(abstract_txt:conception in 1990) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07733797 = score(doc=1990,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17402546 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.822353 = boost
                7.110497 = idf(docFreq=95, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.44440606 = fieldWeight in 1990, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.110497 = idf(docFreq=95, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1990)
          0.140174 = weight(abstract_txt:normative in 1990) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.140174 = score(doc=1990,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20533009 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9794858 = boost
                7.7236013 = idf(docFreq=51, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.6826764 = fieldWeight in 1990, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.7236013 = idf(docFreq=51, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1990)
          0.02466713 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 1990) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02466713 = score(doc=1990,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11025798 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2935126 = boost
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.22372195 = fieldWeight in 1990, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5795512 = idf(docFreq=3278, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1990)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Shah, T.A.; Gul, S.; Gaur, R.C.: Authors self-citation behaviour in the field of Library and Information Science (2015) 0.12
    0.115628205 = sum of:
      0.115628205 = product of:
        0.4817842 = sum of:
          0.048883706 = weight(abstract_txt:tracing in 4062) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.048883706 = score(doc=4062,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.110455416 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0266079 = boost
                8.011283 = idf(docFreq=38, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.44256505 = fieldWeight in 4062, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.011283 = idf(docFreq=38, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=4062)
          0.012290737 = weight(abstract_txt:implications in 4062) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012290737 = score(doc=4062,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.069847286 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1545184 = boost
                4.5047255 = idf(docFreq=1299, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.17596585 = fieldWeight in 4062, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.5047255 = idf(docFreq=1299, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=4062)
          0.015271689 = weight(abstract_txt:nature in 4062) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015271689 = score(doc=4062,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08072765 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2411871 = boost
                4.842891 = idf(docFreq=926, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.18917544 = fieldWeight in 4062, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.842891 = idf(docFreq=926, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=4062)
          0.015548504 = weight(abstract_txt:social in 4062) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015548504 = score(doc=4062,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.093523435 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6361833 = boost
                4.256064 = idf(docFreq=1666, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.1662525 = fieldWeight in 4062, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.256064 = idf(docFreq=1666, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=4062)
          0.07041894 = weight(abstract_txt:citing in 4062) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07041894 = score(doc=4062,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.15506609 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.720222 = boost
                6.7120004 = idf(docFreq=142, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.4541221 = fieldWeight in 4062, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.7120004 = idf(docFreq=142, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=4062)
          0.31937063 = weight(abstract_txt:citations in 4062) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.31937063 = score(doc=4062,freq=15.0), product of:
              0.39441234 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.486954 = boost
                5.3522797 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.8097379 = fieldWeight in 4062, product of:
                3.8729835 = tf(freq=15.0), with freq of:
                  15.0 = termFreq=15.0
                5.3522797 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=4062)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Katsaros, D.; Akritidis, L.; Bozanis, P.: ¬The f index : quantifying the impact of coterminal citations on scientists' ranking (2009) 0.11
    0.114824995 = sum of:
      0.114824995 = product of:
        0.71765625 = sum of:
          0.024581473 = weight(abstract_txt:implications in 4806) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024581473 = score(doc=4806,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.069847286 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1545184 = boost
                4.5047255 = idf(docFreq=1299, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.3519317 = fieldWeight in 4806, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.5047255 = idf(docFreq=1299, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4806)
          0.12802255 = weight(abstract_txt:production in 4806) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12802255 = score(doc=4806,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2848275 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6862693 = boost
                5.753267 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.44947398 = fieldWeight in 4806, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.753267 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4806)
          0.28565374 = weight(abstract_txt:citations in 4806) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.28565374 = score(doc=4806,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.39441234 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.486954 = boost
                5.3522797 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.72425157 = fieldWeight in 4806, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.3522797 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4806)
          0.2793985 = weight(abstract_txt:metrics in 4806) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2793985 = score(doc=4806,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.53610474 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.9839087 = boost
                6.670899 = idf(docFreq=148, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.521164 = fieldWeight in 4806, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.670899 = idf(docFreq=148, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4806)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  5. Costas, R.; Zahedi, Z.; Wouters, P.: ¬The thematic orientation of publications mentioned on social media : large-scale disciplinary comparison of social media metrics with citations (2015) 0.11
    0.10772374 = sum of:
      0.10772374 = product of:
        0.6732734 = sum of:
          0.019665178 = weight(abstract_txt:implications in 4063) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019665178 = score(doc=4063,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.069847286 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1545184 = boost
                4.5047255 = idf(docFreq=1299, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.28154534 = fieldWeight in 4063, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.5047255 = idf(docFreq=1299, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4063)
          0.07463282 = weight(abstract_txt:social in 4063) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07463282 = score(doc=4063,freq=9.0), product of:
              0.093523435 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6361833 = boost
                4.256064 = idf(docFreq=1666, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.798012 = fieldWeight in 4063, product of:
                3.0 = tf(freq=9.0), with freq of:
                  9.0 = termFreq=9.0
                4.256064 = idf(docFreq=1666, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4063)
          0.13193782 = weight(abstract_txt:citations in 4063) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13193782 = score(doc=4063,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.39441234 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.486954 = boost
                5.3522797 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.33451748 = fieldWeight in 4063, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.3522797 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4063)
          0.44703758 = weight(abstract_txt:metrics in 4063) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.44703758 = score(doc=4063,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.53610474 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.9839087 = boost
                6.670899 = idf(docFreq=148, maxDocs=43254)
                0.013430134 = queryNorm
              0.83386236 = fieldWeight in 4063, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.670899 = idf(docFreq=148, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4063)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)