Document (#43207)

Author
Bogner, A.
Title
¬Die Epistemisierung des Politischen : wie die Macht des Wissens die Demokratie gefährdet
Imprint
Ditzingen : Reclam
Year
2021
Pages
132 S
Isbn
978-3-15-014083-3
Series
Reclams Universal-Bibliothek ; Nr. 14083) (Was bedeutet das alles?
Abstract
Ob Impfdebatte, Corona- oder Klimakrise - viele politische Streitfragen werden heute als Wissenskonflikte verhandelt. Man beschäftigt sich immer weniger mit normativen Aspekten und individuellen Handlungsoptionen, sondern streitet um die überlegenen Erkenntnisse: Wer am genauesten mit den Ergebnissen der Wissenschaft übereinstimmt, so die implizite Annahme, der verfügt damit auch über Lösungen, die dann alternativlos sind. Alexander Bogner untersucht diese Fixierung auf Wissensfragen und ihre Folgen. Dabei wird deutlich, dass diese »Epistemisierung des Politischen« gefährlicher für unsere Demokratie ist als das leicht durchschaubare Spiel mit Fake News und Twitter-Lügen. Die Hochkonjunktur von Verschwörungsideologien und alternativen Fakten, über die alles gesagt zu sein scheint, erscheint unter diesen Vorzeichen in völlig neuem Licht.
Verändert sich die Demokratie in der Wissensgesellschaft in eine "Epistemokratie", fragt der österreichische Soziologe in seinem belesenen, anspruchsvollen Essay, also in eine Politikform, in der Interessenskonflikte und Wertekontroversen zu Wissensdingen umgewandelt und (vermeintlich) als alternativlos entschieden werden, wie sich überall beobachten lässt. Solche Wissen(schaft)sabhängigkeit beschwöre zwangsläufig Populismus, Faktenleugnung und Verschwörungstheorien bei zentralen Problemen wie dem Klimawandel, der Energiewende, der Pandemiebekämpfung u.a. herauf und motiviere Protest und Widerstand bei Minderheiten. Eine Lösung für dieses strukturelle Dilemma oder auch nur einen schmalen Ausweg bietet der Autor allerdings nicht - allenfalls jene: dass sich Politik und Wissenschaft nicht weiter miteinander vermischen dürfen und jeder Sektor seine Aufgaben separat und transparent wahrnehmen soll: die Politik die Regulation von Interessen und die Suche von Kompromissen, die Wissenschaft rationale Erkenntnis und logischen Fortschritt. Eine kluge Gegenwartsanalyse zur nachdenklichen Lektüre. (ekz)
Content
Vgl.: Bogner, Alexander: Zwischen Virologie und Verschwörungstheorie: Expertise in der Coronakrise. Unter: https://coronasoziologie.blog.wzb.eu/tag/alexander-bogner/. [Am 7. Oktober 2020 hielt Alexander Bogner einen Vortrag mit dem Titel: "Zwischen Virologie und Verschwörungstheorie: Expertise in der Coronakrise". Grundthese ist, dass in der Wissensgesellschaft viele Konflikte als Auseinandersetzungen um das richtige Wissen ausgetragen getragen werden. In diesen Wissenskonflikten, so Bogner, unterstütze der Primat der Wissenschaft eine Politik der Alternativlosigkeit. Politischer Protest artikuliere sich daher oft als anti-rationalistisches Ressentiment. Alternative Fakten stehen alternativloser Politik gegenüber.]. Vgl. dazu auch: Caspar Hirschi im Gespräch mit Michael Köhler. Unter: https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/wissenschaft-und-pandemie-politik-kann-keine-reine.911.de.html?dram:article_id=495048. Simanowski, Roberto: Komplizen der Digitalisierung: Pandemie und digitale Kollateralschäden. Unter: https://ondemand-mp3.dradio.de/file/dradio/2021/04/05/komplizen_der_digitalisierung_pandemie_und_digitale_dlf_20210405_093. [Die Pandemie war das Beste, was den digitalen Medien geschehen konnte. Dies ist der Bericht, wie das Digitale selbst jene Zeit erinnert. Plötzlich ging nichts mehr ohne sie. Sie garantierten, worauf es in einer Pandemie ankommt: kommunikative Nähe bei körperlicher Distanz. Digital ist das neue normal, hieß es bald. Denn es war klar: Das Virus wird eines Tages besiegt sein, das Digitale wird bleiben. Und dabei war die Gesellschaft schon jetzt von seinen Kollateralschäden völlig überfordert].
Field
Philosophie
RSWK
Epistemokratie
Wissenschaftsgläubigkeit
Wissenschaft / Vertrauen
Philosophie / Demokratie
Wahrheit / Demokratie
Wissenskonflikt / Demokratie
Wahrheit / Gesellschaft
Wahrheitstheorie / Gesellschaft
Epistemologie / Demokratie
DDC
100
RVK
ME 3150

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