Document (#43404)

Author
Lor, P.
Wiles, B.
Britz, J.
Title
Re-thinking information ethics : truth, conspiracy theories, and librarians in the COVID-19 era
Source
Libri. 71(2021) no.1, S.1-14
Year
2021
Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic is an international public health crisis without precedent in the last century. The novelty and rapid spread of the virus have added a new urgency to the availability and distribution of reliable information to help curb its fatal potential. As seasoned and trusted purveyors of reliable public information, librarians have attempted to respond to the "infodemic" of fake news, disinformation, and propaganda with a variety of strategies, but the COVID-19 pandemic presents a unique challenge because of the deadly stakes involved. The seriousness of the current situation requires that librarians and associated professionals re-evaluate the ethical basis of their approach to information provision to counter the growing prominence of conspiracy theories in the public sphere and official decision making. This paper analyzes the conspiracy mindset and specific COVID-19 conspiracy theories in discussing how libraries might address the problems of truth and untruth in ethically sound ways. As a contribution to the re-evaluation we propose, the paper presents an ethical framework based on alethic rights-or rights to truth-as conceived by Italian philosopher Franca D'Agostini and how these might inform professional approaches that support personal safety, open knowledge, and social justice.
Content
Vgl.: https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/libri-2020-0158/html.
Footnote
Vgl. auch: Froehlich, T.: Some thoughts evoked by Peter Lor, Bradley Wiles, and Johannes Britz, "Re-thinking information ethics: truth, conspiracy theories, and librarians in the COVID-19 era in: Libri. 71(2021) no.3, S.219-225.
Theme
Informationsethik
Object
COVID-19

Similar documents (content)

  1. Thelwall, M.; Thelwall, S.: ¬A thematic analysis of highly retweeted early COVID-19 tweets : consensus, information, dissent and lockdown life (2020) 0.16
    0.15587151 = sum of:
      0.15587151 = product of:
        0.974197 = sum of:
          0.06785178 = weight(abstract_txt:safety in 2465) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06785178 = score(doc=2465,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1282805 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0339184 = boost
                8.462927 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.5289329 = fieldWeight in 2465, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.462927 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2465)
          0.009033216 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2465) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.009033216 = score(doc=2465,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.0421397 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1851727 = boost
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.21436356 = fieldWeight in 2465, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2465)
          0.06617979 = weight(abstract_txt:public in 2465) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06617979 = score(doc=2465,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.11462795 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6928239 = boost
                4.6187544 = idf(docFreq=1167, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.5773443 = fieldWeight in 2465, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.6187544 = idf(docFreq=1167, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2465)
          0.8311322 = weight(abstract_txt:covid in 2465) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.8311322 = score(doc=2465,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.5954831 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.455235 = boost
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              1.3957275 = fieldWeight in 2465, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2465)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  2. Wang, X.; Zhang, M.; Fan, W.; Zhao, K.: Understanding the spread of COVID-19 misinformation on social media : the effects of topics and a political leader's nudge (2022) 0.15
    0.15345336 = sum of:
      0.15345336 = product of:
        0.95908356 = sum of:
          0.01129152 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2836) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.01129152 = score(doc=2836,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.0421397 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1851727 = boost
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.26795444 = fieldWeight in 2836, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2836)
          0.07724551 = weight(abstract_txt:theories in 2836) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07724551 = score(doc=2836,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17383441 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.084656 = boost
                5.6878414 = idf(docFreq=400, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.4443626 = fieldWeight in 2836, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6878414 = idf(docFreq=400, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2836)
          0.2707286 = weight(abstract_txt:pandemic in 2836) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2707286 = score(doc=2836,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3503853 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4165392 = boost
                9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.77265966 = fieldWeight in 2836, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2836)
          0.59981793 = weight(abstract_txt:covid in 2836) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.59981793 = score(doc=2836,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.5954831 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.455235 = boost
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              1.0072795 = fieldWeight in 2836, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2836)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  3. Oliphant, T.: Emerging (information) realities and epistemic injustice (2021) 0.14
    0.13578816 = sum of:
      0.13578816 = product of:
        0.6789408 = sum of:
          0.017827582 = weight(abstract_txt:presents in 2645) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017827582 = score(doc=2645,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06630172 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.051195 = boost
                4.3021708 = idf(docFreq=1602, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.26888567 = fieldWeight in 2645, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3021708 = idf(docFreq=1602, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2645)
          0.08957607 = weight(abstract_txt:disinformation in 2645) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08957607 = score(doc=2645,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15437649 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1342179 = boost
                9.283908 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.58024424 = fieldWeight in 2645, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.283908 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2645)
          0.01564599 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2645) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.01564599 = score(doc=2645,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.0421397 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1851727 = boost
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.3712886 = fieldWeight in 2645, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2645)
          0.21658286 = weight(abstract_txt:pandemic in 2645) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21658286 = score(doc=2645,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3503853 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4165392 = boost
                9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.6181277 = fieldWeight in 2645, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2645)
          0.3393083 = weight(abstract_txt:covid in 2645) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3393083 = score(doc=2645,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5954831 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.455235 = boost
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.56980336 = fieldWeight in 2645, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2645)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Paris, B.; Reynolds, R.; McGowan, C.: Sins of omission : critical informatics perspectives on privacy in e-learning systems in higher education (2022) 0.11
    0.11118376 = sum of:
      0.11118376 = product of:
        0.9265314 = sum of:
          0.09269462 = weight(abstract_txt:theories in 2835) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09269462 = score(doc=2835,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17383441 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.084656 = boost
                5.6878414 = idf(docFreq=400, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.53323513 = fieldWeight in 2835, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6878414 = idf(docFreq=400, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2835)
          0.3248743 = weight(abstract_txt:pandemic in 2835) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3248743 = score(doc=2835,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3503853 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4165392 = boost
                9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.92719156 = fieldWeight in 2835, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2835)
          0.50896245 = weight(abstract_txt:covid in 2835) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.50896245 = score(doc=2835,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5954831 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.455235 = boost
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.85470504 = fieldWeight in 2835, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2835)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)
    
  5. Baines, D.; Elliott, R.J.: Defining misinformation, disinformation and malinformation : an urgent need for clarity during the COVID-19 infodemic (2020) 0.10
    0.09960526 = sum of:
      0.09960526 = product of:
        0.83004385 = sum of:
          0.0142827695 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2139) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0142827695 = score(doc=2139,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.0421397 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1851727 = boost
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.33893856 = fieldWeight in 2139, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.425247 = idf(docFreq=10472, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2139)
          0.13714452 = weight(abstract_txt:truth in 2139) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13714452 = score(doc=2139,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2957644 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7191894 = boost
                7.4191227 = idf(docFreq=70, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              0.46369517 = fieldWeight in 2139, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.4191227 = idf(docFreq=70, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2139)
          0.6786166 = weight(abstract_txt:covid in 2139) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.6786166 = score(doc=2139,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.5954831 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.455235 = boost
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.014660671 = queryNorm
              1.1396067 = fieldWeight in 2139, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                9.116854 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2139)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)