Document (#6694)

Author
Hixson, C.R.
Title
CD-ROM and the undergraduate : reference and instruction at risk
Source
Reference services review. 21(1993) no.3, S.31-34
Year
1993
Abstract
CD-ROMs generate increased questions that require individual instruction, staff training and bibliographic instruction. Many libraries are moving away from CD-ROMs towards locally mounted databases and access to remote databases, but the variety and sheer number of CD-ROMs may guarantee their survival, especially in larger university libraries or special libraries. With increasing services and collections offered, quality reference service may decay. Discusses undergraduates and the learning process and improvements to service instruction and the reference service
Theme
Informationsmittel

Similar documents (content)

  1. Tumlin, M.D.: Point-of-use instruction on CD-ROM : how much is too much? (1993) 0.20
    0.19768813 = sum of:
      0.19768813 = product of:
        0.82370055 = sum of:
          0.05865626 = weight(abstract_txt:databases in 792) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05865626 = score(doc=792,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12057207 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5635567 = boost
                4.4031415 = idf(docFreq=1438, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.48648298 = fieldWeight in 792, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.4031415 = idf(docFreq=1438, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=792)
          0.03930876 = weight(abstract_txt:libraries in 792) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03930876 = score(doc=792,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1331692 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0125089 = boost
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.29517907 = fieldWeight in 792, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=792)
          0.09096302 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 792) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09096302 = score(doc=792,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.18491726 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3715081 = boost
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.491912 = fieldWeight in 792, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=792)
          0.098151475 = weight(abstract_txt:service in 792) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.098151475 = score(doc=792,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.19453546 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4324017 = boost
                4.566601 = idf(docFreq=1221, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.5045428 = fieldWeight in 792, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.566601 = idf(docFreq=1221, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=792)
          0.19898789 = weight(abstract_txt:roms in 792) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19898789 = score(doc=792,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.39261058 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4555476 = boost
                6.487459 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.5068327 = fieldWeight in 792, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.487459 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=792)
          0.33763316 = weight(abstract_txt:instruction in 792) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.33763316 = score(doc=792,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.48791465 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.4481273 = boost
                6.263199 = idf(docFreq=223, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.6919923 = fieldWeight in 792, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.263199 = idf(docFreq=223, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=792)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  2. Crellin, J.: Implications of CD-ROMs for reference services in university libraries (1992) 0.19
    0.19409238 = sum of:
      0.19409238 = product of:
        0.97046185 = sum of:
          0.05503227 = weight(abstract_txt:libraries in 3115) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05503227 = score(doc=3115,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1331692 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0125089 = boost
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.4132507 = fieldWeight in 3115, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3115)
          0.0900488 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 3115) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0900488 = score(doc=3115,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18491726 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3715081 = boost
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.48696804 = fieldWeight in 3115, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3115)
          0.09716501 = weight(abstract_txt:service in 3115) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09716501 = score(doc=3115,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19453546 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4324017 = boost
                4.566601 = idf(docFreq=1221, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.49947196 = fieldWeight in 3115, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.566601 = idf(docFreq=1221, maxDocs=43254)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3115)
          0.39397597 = weight(abstract_txt:roms in 3115) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.39397597 = score(doc=3115,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.39261058 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4555476 = boost
                6.487459 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              1.0034777 = fieldWeight in 3115, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.487459 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43254)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3115)
          0.33423978 = weight(abstract_txt:instruction in 3115) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.33423978 = score(doc=3115,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.48791465 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.4481273 = boost
                6.263199 = idf(docFreq=223, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.6850374 = fieldWeight in 3115, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.263199 = idf(docFreq=223, maxDocs=43254)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3115)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  3. Hewett, S.: ¬The future for mediated online search services in an academic institution : a case study (1997) 0.19
    0.18675038 = sum of:
      0.18675038 = product of:
        0.66696566 = sum of:
          0.061380934 = weight(abstract_txt:towards in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.061380934 = score(doc=2626,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09863918 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.632212 = idf(docFreq=420, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.6222774 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.632212 = idf(docFreq=420, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.08547609 = weight(abstract_txt:away in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08547609 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15497687 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2534549 = boost
                7.0597243 = idf(docFreq=100, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.551541 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.0597243 = idf(docFreq=100, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.08850866 = weight(abstract_txt:locally in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08850866 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1586211 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2681066 = boost
                7.1422453 = idf(docFreq=92, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.5579879 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.1422453 = idf(docFreq=92, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.04147624 = weight(abstract_txt:databases in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04147624 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12057207 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5635567 = boost
                4.4031415 = idf(docFreq=1438, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.34399542 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.4031415 = idf(docFreq=1438, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.03930876 = weight(abstract_txt:libraries in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03930876 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1331692 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0125089 = boost
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.29517907 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.06940358 = weight(abstract_txt:service in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06940358 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19453546 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4324017 = boost
                4.566601 = idf(docFreq=1221, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.3567657 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.566601 = idf(docFreq=1221, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.28141138 = weight(abstract_txt:roms in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.28141138 = score(doc=2626,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.39261058 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4555476 = boost
                6.487459 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.71676975 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.487459 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  4. Tenopir, C.; Ennis, L.: ¬The digital reference work of academic libraries (1998) 0.17
    0.17300837 = sum of:
      0.17300837 = product of:
        0.617887 = sum of:
          0.05208345 = weight(abstract_txt:towards in 171) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05208345 = score(doc=171,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09863918 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.632212 = idf(docFreq=420, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.5280199 = fieldWeight in 171, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.632212 = idf(docFreq=420, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=171)
          0.08526157 = weight(abstract_txt:remote in 171) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08526157 = score(doc=171,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13700986 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1785586 = boost
                6.6378922 = idf(docFreq=153, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.6223024 = fieldWeight in 171, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6378922 = idf(docFreq=153, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=171)
          0.14505774 = weight(abstract_txt:away in 171) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14505774 = score(doc=171,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15497687 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2534549 = boost
                7.0597243 = idf(docFreq=100, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.935996 = fieldWeight in 171, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.0597243 = idf(docFreq=100, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=171)
          0.10621039 = weight(abstract_txt:locally in 171) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10621039 = score(doc=171,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1586211 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2681066 = boost
                7.1422453 = idf(docFreq=92, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.66958547 = fieldWeight in 171, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.1422453 = idf(docFreq=92, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=171)
          0.07038751 = weight(abstract_txt:databases in 171) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07038751 = score(doc=171,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12057207 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5635567 = boost
                4.4031415 = idf(docFreq=1438, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.5837796 = fieldWeight in 171, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.4031415 = idf(docFreq=1438, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=171)
          0.081701726 = weight(abstract_txt:libraries in 171) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.081701726 = score(doc=171,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.1331692 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0125089 = boost
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.6135182 = fieldWeight in 171, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=171)
          0.07718468 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 171) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07718468 = score(doc=171,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18491726 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3715081 = boost
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.41740116 = fieldWeight in 171, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=171)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  5. Ford, B.J.; Jacobs, S.J.: Academic libraries (1997) 0.14
    0.14052959 = sum of:
      0.14052959 = product of:
        0.58553994 = sum of:
          0.063404284 = weight(abstract_txt:increased in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.063404284 = score(doc=381,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10079513 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0108694 = boost
                5.693431 = idf(docFreq=395, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.6290412 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.693431 = idf(docFreq=395, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.0710513 = weight(abstract_txt:remote in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0710513 = score(doc=381,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13700986 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1785586 = boost
                6.6378922 = idf(docFreq=153, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.5185853 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6378922 = idf(docFreq=153, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.07861752 = weight(abstract_txt:libraries in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07861752 = score(doc=381,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.1331692 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0125089 = boost
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.59035814 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.064320564 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.064320564 = score(doc=381,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18491726 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3715081 = boost
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.3478343 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.06940358 = weight(abstract_txt:service in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06940358 = score(doc=381,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19453546 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4324017 = boost
                4.566601 = idf(docFreq=1221, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.3567657 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.566601 = idf(docFreq=1221, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.2387427 = weight(abstract_txt:instruction in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2387427 = score(doc=381,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.48791465 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.4481273 = boost
                6.263199 = idf(docFreq=223, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0175134 = queryNorm
              0.4893124 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.263199 = idf(docFreq=223, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)