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1Saif, H. ; He, Y. ; Fernandez, M. ; Alani, H.: Contextual semantics for sentiment analysis of Twitter.
In: Information processing and management. 52(2016) no.1, S.5-19.
Abstract: Sentiment analysis on Twitter has attracted much attention recently due to its wide applications in both, commercial and public sectors. In this paper we present SentiCircles, a lexicon-based approach for sentiment analysis on Twitter. Different from typical lexicon-based approaches, which offer a fixed and static prior sentiment polarities of words regardless of their context, SentiCircles takes into account the co-occurrence patterns of words in different contexts in tweets to capture their semantics and update their pre-assigned strength and polarity in sentiment lexicons accordingly. Our approach allows for the detection of sentiment at both entity-level and tweet-level. We evaluate our proposed approach on three Twitter datasets using three different sentiment lexicons to derive word prior sentiments. Results show that our approach significantly outperforms the baselines in accuracy and F-measure for entity-level subjectivity (neutral vs. polar) and polarity (positive vs. negative) detections. For tweet-level sentiment detection, our approach performs better than the state-of-the-art SentiStrength by 4-5% in accuracy in two datasets, but falls marginally behind by 1% in F-measure in the third dataset.
Inhalt: Vgl.: doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2015.01.005.
Anmerkung: Beitrag in einem Themenheft "Emotion and sentiment in social and expressive media"
2Tudhope, D. ; Alani, H. ; Jones, C.: Augmenting thesaurus relationships : possibilities for retrieval.
In: Journal of digital information. 1(2001) no.8.
Abstract: This paper discusses issues concerning the augmentation of thesaurus relationships, in light of new application possibilities for retrieval. We first discuss a case study that explored the retrieval potential of an augmented set of thesaurus relationships by specialising standard relationships into richer subtypes, in particular hierarchical geographical containment and the associative relationship. We then locate this work in a broader context by reviewing various attempts to build taxonomies of thesaurus relationships, and conclude by discussing the feasibility of hierarchically augmenting the core set of thesaurus relationships, particularly the associative relationship. We discuss the possibility of enriching the specification and semantics of Related Term (RT relationships), while maintaining compatibility with traditional thesauri via a limited hierarchical extension of the associative (and hierarchical) relationships. This would be facilitated by distinguishing the type of term from the (sub)type of relationship and explicitly specifying semantic categories for terms following a faceted approach. We first illustrate how hierarchical spatial relationships can be used to provide more flexible retrieval for queries incorporating place names in applications employing online gazetteers and geographical thesauri. We then employ a set of experimental scenarios to investigate key issues affecting use of the associative (RT) thesaurus relationships in semantic distance measures. Previous work has noted the potential of RTs in thesaurus search aids but also the problem of uncontrolled expansion of query term sets. Results presented in this paper suggest the potential for taking account of the hierarchical context of an RT link and specialisations of the RT relationship
Anmerkung: Vgl.: http://journals.tdl.org/jodi/index.php/jodi/article/view/181. Vgl. auch: http://journals.tdl.org/jodi/index.php/jodi/article/viewArticle/181/160. Vgl. auch: http://oro.open.ac.uk/20065/1/Tudhope_JoDI.pdf.
Themenfeld: Semantisches Umfeld in Indexierung u. Retrieval ; Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus ; Theorie verbaler Dokumentationssprachen