Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
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1Anderson, J.D. ; Pérez-Carballo, J.: Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH).
In: Encyclopedia of library and information sciences. 3rd ed. Ed.: M.J. Bates. London : Taylor & Francis, 2009. S.3392-3405.
Abstract: Library of Congress Subject Headings (LSCH), which celebrated its 100th birthday in 1998, is the largest cataloging and indexing language in the world for the indication of the topics and formats of books and similar publications. It consists of a controlled list of main headings, many with subdivisions, with a rich system of cross references. It is supported by the U.S. government, and undergoes systematic revision. In recent decades its managers have begun to confront challenges such as biased terminology, complicated syntax (how terms are put together to form headings), and effective displays in electronic media. Many suggestions have been made for its improvement, including moving to a fully faceted system.
Inhalt: Digital unter: http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/E-ELIS3-120043717. Vgl.: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/book/10.1081/E-ELIS3.
Themenfeld: Verbale Doksprachen für präkombinierte Einträge ; Verbale Doksprachen im Online-Retrieval
2Anderson, J.D. ; Hofmann, M.A.: ¬A fully faceted syntax for Library of Congress Subject Headings.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 43(2006) no.1, S.7-38.
Abstract: Moving to a fully faceted syntax would resolve three problems facing Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH): 1. Inconsistent syntax rules; 2. Inability to create headings that are coextensive with the topic of a work; and 3. Lack of effective displays for long lists of subdivisions under a single subject heading in OPACs and similar electronic displays. The authors advocate a fully faceted syntax using the facets of a modern faceted library classification (The Bliss Bibliographic Classification, 2d ed.). They demonstrate how this might be accomplished so as to integrate the new syntax with existing headings.
Inhalt: Vgl. auch: http://catalogingandclassificationquarterly.com/
Themenfeld: Verbale Doksprachen für präkombinierte Einträge
3Anderson, J.D. ; Perez-Carballo, J.: Information retrieval design : principles and options for information description, organization, display, and access in information retrieval databases, digital libraries, catalogs, and indexes.
St. Petersburg, FL : Ometeca Institute, 2005. 617 S.
Inhalt: Inhalt: Chapters 2 to 5: Scopes, Domains, and Display Media (pp. 47-102) Chapters 6 to 8: Documents, Analysis, and Indexing (pp. 103-176) Chapters 9 to 10: Exhaustivity and Specificity (pp. 177-196) Chapters 11 to 13: Displayed/Nondisplayed Indexes, Syntax, and Vocabulary Management (pp. 197-364) Chapters 14 to 16: Surrogation, Locators, and Surrogate Displays (pp. 365-390) Chapters 17 and 18: Arrangement and Size of Displayed Indexes (pp. 391-446) Chapters 19 to 21: Search Interface, Record Format, and Full-Text Display (pp. 447-536) Chapter 22: Implementation and Evaluation (pp. 537-541)
Anmerkung: Rez. in JASIST 57(2006) no.10, S.1412-1413 (R. W. White): "Information Retrieval Design is a textbook that aims to foster the intelligent user-centered design of databases for Information Retrieval (IR). The book outlines a comprehensive set of 20 factors. chosen based on prior research and the authors' experiences. that need to he considered during the design process. The authors provide designers with information on those factors to help optimize decision making. The book does not cover user-needs assessment, implementation of IR databases, or retries al systems, testing. or evaluation. Most textbooks in IR do not offer a substantive walkthrough of the design factors that need to be considered Mien des eloping IR databases. Instead. they focus on issues such as the implementation of data structures, the explanation of search algorithms, and the role of human-machine interaction in the search process. The book touches on all three, but its focus is on designing databases that can be searched effectively. not the tools to search them. This is an important distinction: despite its title. this book does not describe how to build retrieval systems. Professor Anderson utilizes his wealth of experience in cataloging and classification to bring a unique perspective on IR database design that may be useful for novices. for developers seeking to make sense of the design process, and for students as a text to supplement classroom tuition. The foreword and preface. by Jessica Milstead and James Anderson. respectively, are engaging and worthwhile reading. It is astounding that it has taken some 20 years for anyone to continue the stork of Milstead and write as extensively as Anderson does about such an important issue as IR database design. The remainder of the book is divided into two parts: Introduction and Background Issues and Design Decisions. Part 1 is a reasonable introduction and includes a glossary of the terminology that authors use in the book. It is very helpful to have these definitions early on. but the subject descriptors in the right margin are distracting and do not serve their purpose as access points to the text. The terminology is useful to have. as the authors definitions of concepts do not lit exactly with what is traditionally accepted in IR. For example. they use the term 'message' to icier to what would normally be called .'document" or "information object." and do not do a good job at distinguishing between "messages" and "documentary units". Part 2 describes components and attributes of 1R databases to help designers make design choices. The book provides them with information about the potential ramifications of their decisions and advocates a user-oriented approach to making them. Chapters are arranged in a seemingly sensible order based around these factors. and the authors remind us of the importance of integrating them. The authors are skilled at selecting the important factors in the development of seemingly complex entities, such as IR databases: how es er. the integration of these factors. or the interaction between them. is not handled as well as perhaps should be. Factors are presented in the order in which the authors feel then should be addressed. but there is no chapter describing how the factors interact. The authors miss an opportunity at the beginning of Part 2 where they could illustrate using a figure the interactions between the 20 factors they list in a way that is not possible with the linear structure of the book. ; . . . Those interested in using the book to design IR databases can work through the chapters in the order provided and end up with a set of requirements for database design. The steps outlined in this book can be rearranged in numerous orders depending on the particular circumstances. This book would benefit from a discussion of what orders are appropriate for different circumstances and bow the requirements outlined interact. I come away from Information Retrieval Design with mixed, although mainly positive feelings. Even though the aims of this book are made clear from the outset, it was still a disappointment to see issues such as implementation and evaluation covered in only a cursory manner. The book is very well structured. well written, and operates in a part of the space that bas been neglected for too long. The authors whet my appetite with discussion of design, and I would have liked to have heard a bit more about what happens in requirements' elicitation before the design issues base been identified and to impIementation after they have been addressed. Overall, the book is a comprehensive review of previous research supplemented by the authors' views on IR design. This book focuses on breadth of coverage rather than depth of coverage and is therefore potentially of more use to novices in the field. The writing style is clear, and the authors knowledge of the subject area is undoubted. I wouId recommend this book to anyone who wants to learn about IR database design and take advantage of the experience and insights of Anderson, one of tile visionaries it the field."
LCSH: Information retrieval ; Information storage and retrieval systems / Design. ; Machine / readable bibliographic data ; Information organization
LCC: Z699.A65 2005
6Anderson, J.D. ; Pérez-Carballo, J.: ¬The nature of indexing: how humans and machines analyze messages and texts for retrieval : Part II: Machine indexing, and the allocation of human versus machine effort.
In: Information processing and management. 37(2001) no.2, S.255-277.
Themenfeld: Automatisches Indexieren
7Anderson, J.D.: Guidelines for indexes and related information retrieval devices.
Bethesda, Maryland : NISO, 1997. 53 S.
(NISO technical report; 2)(NISO-TR02-1997)
Abstract: This technical report provides guidelines for the content, organization, and presentation of indexes used for the retrieval of documents and parts of documents. It deals with the principles of indexing, regardless of the type of material indexed, the indexing method used (intellectual analysis, machine algorithm, or both), the medium of the index, or the method of presentation for searching. It emphasizes 4 processes essential for all indexes: comprehensive design, vocabulary management, and the provision of systax. It includes definitions of indexes and of their parts, attributes, and aspects; a uniform vocabulary; treatment of the nature and variety of indexes; and recommendations regarding the design, organization, and presentation of indexes. It does not suggest guidelines for every detail or technique of indexing. These can be determined for each index on the basis of factors covered in the technical report
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Knowledge organization 25(1998) no.3, S.118-119 (R. Fugmann)
8Anderson, J.D.: Standards for indexing : revising the American National Standard guidelines Z39.4.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 45(1994) no.8, S.628-636.
Abstract: This article discusses the nature of standards as tools to promote compatibiliy and improve practice, the role of research versus expert opinion in the creation of standards, the changing scope of standards for indexes in the face of the changing indexing environment, with the increasing use of automatic indexing, electronic displays, and electronic searching of non-displayed indexes. it describes the current draft of the NISO American Standards Guidelines for Indexes in Information Retrieval (Z39.4) in terms of three fundamental requirements: syntax, vocabulary management, and comprehensive planning and design. The article concludes with comments about the nebulous concept of good and accurate indexing and whether and how standards can be used advantageously
9Anderson, J.D.: Indexing standards : Are they possible? What good are they? Why bother?.
In: Indexing, providing access to information: looking back, looking ahead. Proceedings of the 25th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Indexers. Ed.: N.C. Mulvany. Port Aransas, TX : American Society of Indexers, 1993. S.61-77.
Abstract: Discusses the nature of standards as tools to promote compatibility and improve practice, the role of research versus expert opinion in the creation of standards, the changing scope of standards for indexes in the face of the changing indexing environment, with the increasing use of automatic indexing, electronic displays, and electronic searching of non-displayed indexes. Describes the current draft of the NISO American Standard Guidelines for indexes in information retrieval (Z39.4) in terms of 3 fundamental requirements: syntax, vocabulary management and comprehensive planning and design. Concludes with comments about the nebulous concept of good and accurate indexing and whether and how standards can be used advantageously
10Anderson, J.D.: Indexing and classification : file organization and display for information retrieval.
In: Indexing: the state of our knowledge and the state of our ignorance. Proc. of the 20th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Indexers, New York, 13.5.1988. Ed.: B.H. Weinberg. Medford, NJ : Learned Informations Inc., 1989. S.71-83.
Themenfeld: Klassifikationssysteme im Online-Retrieval ; Verbale Doksprachen im Online-Retrieval
11Anderson, J.D. ; Radford, G.: Back-of-the-book indexing with the nested phrase indexing system (NEPHIS).
In: Indexer. 16(1988) no.2, S.79-84.
Abstract: NEPHIS, Craven's Nested Phrase Indexing System, transfers one more indexing procedure, the creation of individual index entries, to computer algorithm, permitting the human indexer to concentrate on the intellectual task of analyzing text and naming its important features. Experience at Rutgers University has shown that novice indexers can learn NEPHIS quite quickly and can use it to produce acceptable indexes
13Anderson, J.D.: Catalog file display principles and the new filing rules.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 1(1981) no.4, S.3-23.
Abstract: File display-the way in which catalog records are arranged for display-is a principal determinant of access to printed library catalogs, whether they be on cards, on microform, or in book form. In 1980, both the American Library Association and the Library of Congress published new sets of filing rules which represent significant departures from traditional library catalog arrangement in North America. These new rules are analyzed and compared with each other and with their predecessors, the 1956 LC and the 1968 ALA filing rules, on the basis of fundamental attributes of files and filing: (1) the symbols considered in arranging records together with the filing values assigned to them, and (2) the underlying basis of filing-symbols or concepts. Numerous examples of the very different sequences which result in the application of these codes are provided and discussed. The purpose of this paper is to help clarify filing options and thereby to help librarians make more informed choices for the display of their own catalog files.
Themenfeld: Katalogfragen allgemein