Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Oliveira Machado, L.M. ; Barcellos Almeida, M. ; Souza, R.R.: What researchers are currently saying about ontologies : a review of recent Web of Science articles.
In: Knowledge organization. 47(2020) no.3, S.199-219.
Abstract: Traditionally connected to philosophy, the term ontology is increasingly related to information systems areas. Some researchers consider the approaches of the two disciplinary contexts to be completely different. Others consider that, although different, they should talk to each other, as both seek to answer similar questions. With the extensive literature on this topic, we intend to contribute to the understanding of the use of the term ontology in current research and which references support this use. An exploratory study was developed with a mixed methodology and a sample collected from the Web of Science of articles publishe in 2018. The results show the current prevalence of computer science in studies related to ontology and also of Gruber's view suggesting ontology as kind of conceptualization, a dominant view in that field. Some researchers, particularly in the field of biomedicine, do not adhere to this dominant view but to another one that seems closer to ontological study in the philosophical context. The term ontology, in the context of information systems, appears to be consolidating with a meaning different from the original, presenting traces of the process of "metaphorization" in the transfer of the term between the two fields of study.
2Simões, M. da Graça ; Machado, L.M. ; Souza, R.R. ; Barcellos Almeida, M. ; Tavares Lopes, A.: Automatic indexing and ontologies : the consistency of research chronology and authoring in the context of Information Science.
In: Challenges and opportunities for knowledge organization in the digital age: proceedings of the Fifteenth International ISKO Conference, 9-11 July 2018, Porto, Portugal / organized by: International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO), ISKO Spain and Portugal Chapter, University of Porto - Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Research Centre in Communication, Information and Digital Culture (CIC.digital) - Porto. Eds.: F. Ribeiro u. M.E. Cerveira. Baden-Baden : Ergon Verlag, 2018. S.86-94.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.16)
Anmerkung: U.d.T. 'Indexação automática e ontologias: identificação dos contributos convergentes na ciência da informação' in: Ciência da Informação 46(2017) no.1, S.152-162.
Themenfeld: Automatisches Indexieren ; Wissensrepräsentation
3Barcellos Almeida, M. ; Farinelli, F.: Ontologies for the representation of electronic medical records : the obstetric and neonatal ontology.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 68(2017) no.11, S.2529-2542.
Abstract: Ontology is an interdisciplinary field that involves both the use of philosophical principles and the development of computational artifacts. As artifacts, ontologies can have diverse applications in knowledge management, information retrieval, and information systems, to mention a few. They have been largely applied to organize information in complex fields like Biomedicine. In this article, we present the OntoNeo Ontology, an initiative to build a formal ontology in the obstetrics and neonatal domain. OntoNeo is a resource that has been designed to serve as a comprehensive infrastructure providing scientific research and healthcare professionals with access to relevant information. The goal of OntoNeo is twofold: (a) to organize specialized medical knowledge, and (b) to provide a potential consensual representation of the medical information found in electronic health records and medical information systems. To describe our initiative, we first provide background information about distinct theories underlying ontology, top-level computational ontologies and their applications in Biomedicine. Then, we present the methodology employed in the development of OntoNeo and the results obtained to date. Finally, we discuss the applicability of OntoNeo by presenting a proof of concept that illustrates its potential usefulness in the realm of healthcare information systems.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23900/full.
Anmerkung: Beitrag in einem Special issue on biomedical information retrieval.
Wissenschaftsfach: Biochemie ; Medizin
4Barcellos Almeida, M. ; Souza, R.R. ; Porto, R.B.: Looking for the identity of information science in the age of big data, computing clouds and social networks.
In: Re:inventing information science in the networked society: Proceeding of the 14th International Symposium on Information Science (ISI 2015), Zadar, Croatia, 19th-21st May 2015. Hrsg.: Franjo Pehar, Christian Schlögl u. Christian Wolff. Glückstadt : Verlag Werner Hülsbusch, 2015. S.55-65.
(Schriften zur Informationswissenschaft, Nr. 66)
Abstract: In this paper we discuss, under a critical point of view, the current Information Science landscape and some future prospects regarding contemporary information phenomena. We present thoughts about the process of thematic deflation of Information Science, through the analysis of the research objects currently under development in this field. In addition to this, we look at the process of absorption of these and other relevant objects in distinguished knowledge fields. We seek to challenge the emphasis and the volume of interdisciplinary research within the field, and present some comments about what might be the results of such processes for the future of Information Science. Subsequently, we analyze the impact in the Information Science field due to phenomena like information boom, the consolidation of the social networks as interactive spaces, cloud computing, as well as other key elements.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://mba.eci.ufmg.br/downloads/Paper_Croacia_v8_MBA_RRS_RBP.pdf.
5Barcellos Almeida, M.: Revisiting ontologies : a necessary clarification.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 64(2013) no.8, S.1682-1693.
Abstract: Looking for ontology in a search engine, one can find so many different approaches that it can be difficult to understand which field of research the subject belongs to and how it can be useful. The term ontology is employed within philosophy, computer science, and information science with different meanings. To take advantage of what ontology theories have to offer, one should understand what they address and where they come from. In information science, except for a few papers, there is no initiative toward clarifying what ontology really is and the connections that it fosters among different research fields. This article provides such a clarification. We begin by revisiting the meaning of the term in its original field, philosophy, to reach its current use in other research fields. We advocate that ontology is a genuine and relevant subject of research in information science. Finally, we conclude by offering our view of the opportunities for interdisciplinary research.
6Souza, R.R. ; Tudhope, D. ; Barcellos Almeida, M.: Towards a taxonomy of KOS.
In: Knowledge organization. 39(2012) no.3, S.179-192.
Abstract: This paper analyzes previous work on the classification of Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS), discusses strengths and weaknesses, and proposes a new and integrative framework. It argues that current analyses of the KOS tend to be idiosyncratic and incomplete, relying on a limited number of dimensions of analysis. The paper discusses why and how KOS should be classified on a new basis. Based on the available literature and previous work, the authors propose a wider set of dimensions for the analysis of KOS. These are represented in a taxonomy of KOS. Issues arising are discussed.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/downloads/ko_39_2012_3_c.pdf.
7Souza, R.R. ; Tudhope, D. ; Barcellos Almeida, M.: ¬The KOS spectra : a tentative typology of knowledge organization systems.
In: Paradigms and conceptual systems in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the Eleventh International ISKO Conference, 23-26 February 2010 Rome, Italy. Edited by Claudio Gnoli and Fulvio Mazzocchi. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2010. S.122-128.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.12)
Abstract: This work tries to propose a set of evaluation dimensions for the analysis of the knowledge organization systems (KOS), building over previous research and the available literature on the subject. It presents a compiled taxonomy of KOSs, a set of tentative characteristics proposed in the literature and the authors' spectra proposal. The full details of the typology are not covered in the scope of the article, but will be available as an ontology in the near future.
8Barcellos Almeida, M. ; Barbosa, R.R.: Ontologies in knowledge management support : a case study.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 60(2009) no.10, S.2032-2047.
Abstract: Information and knowledge are true assets in modern organizations. In order to cope with the need to manage these assets, corporations have invested in a set of practices that are conventionally called knowledge management. This article presents a case study on the development and the evaluation of ontologies that was conducted within the scope of a knowledge management project undertaken by the second largest Brazilian energy utility. Ontologies have different applications and can be used in knowledge management, in information retrieval, and in information systems, to mention but a few. Within the information systems realm, ontologies are generally used as system models, but their usage has not been restricted to software development. We advocate that, once assessed as to its content, an ontology may provide benefits to corporate communication and, therefore, provide support to knowledge management initiatives. We expect to further contribute by describing possibilities for the application of ontologies within organizational environments.