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1Macdonald, S. ; Birdi, B.: ¬The concept of neutrality : a new approach.
In: Journal of documentation. 76(2020) no.1, S.333-353.
Abstract: Purpose Neutrality is a much debated value in library and information science (LIS). The "neutrality debate" is characterised by opinionated discussions in contrasting contexts. The purpose of this paper is to fill a gap in the literature by bringing these conceptions together holistically, with potential to deepen understanding of LIS neutrality. Design/methodology/approach First, a literature review identified conceptions of neutrality reported in the LIS literature. Second, seven phenomenographic interviews with LIS professionals were conducted across three professional sectors. To maximise variation, each sector comprised at least one interview with a professional of five or fewer years' experience and one with ten or more years' experience. Third, conceptions from the literature and interviews were compared for similarities and disparities. Findings In four conceptions, each were found in the literature and interviews. In the literature, these were labelled: "favourable", "tacit value", "social institutions" and "value-laden profession", whilst in interviews they were labelled: "core value", "subservient", "ambivalent", and "hidden values". The study's main finding notes the "ambivalent" conception in interviews is not captured by a largely polarised literature, which oversimplifies neutrality's complexity. To accommodate this complexity, it is suggested that future research should look to reconcile perceptions from either side of the "neutral non-neutral divide" through an inclusive normative framework. Originality/value This study's value lies in its descriptive methodology, which brings LIS neutrality together in a holistic framework. This framework brings a contextual awareness to LIS neutrality lacking in previous research. This awareness has the potential to change the tone of the LIS neutrality debate.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-05-2019-0102.
2Birdi, B. ; Ford, N.: Towards a new sociological model of fiction reading.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 69(2018) no.11, S.1291-1303.
Abstract: Although much previous research has considered how we read, less attention has been paid to why we read, and the influence not only of individual or text-related factors on a reader's intention to read, but also of broader societal factors. This article presents a novel, empirically-based model of fiction reading in a public library context, taking into account the characteristics differentiating the readers of individual fiction genres. It begins with a literature review of factors motivating a reading choice or habit, and of the effects of reading different fiction genres, before introducing three previous studies by the first author into readers' attitudes towards, and engagement with, fiction and selected fiction genres. The methodologies are then summarized both for the three previous studies and the present study. The authors present a combined analysis that integrates the findings of the previous studies in order to generate a new, evidence-based model for the reading of fiction genres. Incorporating both demographic and motivational aspects, this model illustrates how the broad themes of the fiction reader profile interrelate, giving them a new causal ordering. Finally, there is a discussion of the implications of this work for library and information science research and practitioner communities.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24053.
Themenfeld: Schöne Literatur
3Birdi, B.: Investigating fiction reader characteristics using personal construct theory.
In: Aslib proceedings. 63(2011) nos.2/3, S.275-294.
Abstract: Purpose - Using the public library context, this paper seeks to present research identifying perceived characteristics of fiction readers and their associated genres, with a particular emphasis on the reader of Black British and Asian fiction in the English language. Design/methodology/approach - The paper applies personal construct theory and the associated repertory grid to a mixed method study involving 15 repertory grid interviews, conducted with librarianship Master's students at a UK university. Findings - The findings regarding the perceived profile of the reader were similar to those reported in previous sociological research, but new constructs emerged regarding certain perceived characteristics of both readers and genres. Research limitations/implications - The method and findings provide a starting-point for future research in materials portraying, and originating from, minority ethnic communities. With more repeated constructs and a larger sample size, future research could statistically investigate the significance of potential trends and apparent relationships between data. Practical implications - The paper provides new data regarding the nature and readership of minority ethnic fiction, informing the improvement of its provision and promotion by public libraries. Social implications - It is hoped that longer-term effects will be to increase both public and professional understanding of fiction written by members of minority ethnic communities, and of its potential contribution to the wider body of literature in the English language. Originality/value - The paper applies personal construct theory and the associated repertory grid technique to a new area of research and practice, with new data having been generated concerning the perceived characteristics of fiction genres, and of their readers.
Themenfeld: Schöne Literatur
Anwendungsfeld: Öffentliche Bibliotheken