Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Lor, P. ; Wiles, B. ; Britz, J.: Re-thinking information ethics : truth, conspiracy theories, and librarians in the COVID-19 era.
In: Libri. 71(2021) no.1, S.1-14.
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is an international public health crisis without precedent in the last century. The novelty and rapid spread of the virus have added a new urgency to the availability and distribution of reliable information to help curb its fatal potential. As seasoned and trusted purveyors of reliable public information, librarians have attempted to respond to the "infodemic" of fake news, disinformation, and propaganda with a variety of strategies, but the COVID-19 pandemic presents a unique challenge because of the deadly stakes involved. The seriousness of the current situation requires that librarians and associated professionals re-evaluate the ethical basis of their approach to information provision to counter the growing prominence of conspiracy theories in the public sphere and official decision making. This paper analyzes the conspiracy mindset and specific COVID-19 conspiracy theories in discussing how libraries might address the problems of truth and untruth in ethically sound ways. As a contribution to the re-evaluation we propose, the paper presents an ethical framework based on alethic rights-or rights to truth-as conceived by Italian philosopher Franca D'Agostini and how these might inform professional approaches that support personal safety, open knowledge, and social justice.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/libri-2020-0158/html.
2Lor, P.J. ; Britz, J.J.: ¬An ethical perspective on political-economic issues in the long-term preservation of digital heritage.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 63(2012) no.11, S.2153-2164.
Abstract: The article provides an overview of the main ethical and associated political-economic aspects of the preservation of born-digital content and the digitization of analogue content for purposes of preservation. The term "heritage" is used broadly to include scientific and scholarly publications and data. Although the preservation of heritage is generally seen as inherently "good," this activity implies the exercise of difficult moral choices. The ethical complexity of the preservation of digital heritage is illustrated by means of two hypothetical cases. The first deals with the harvesting and preservation in a wealthy country of political websites originating in a less affluent country. The second deals with a project initiated by a wealthy country to digitize the cultural heritage of a less affluent country. The ethical reflection that follows is structured within the framework of social justice and a set of information rights that are identified as corollaries of generally recognized human rights. The main moral agents, that is, the parties that have an interest, and may be entitled to exercise rights, in relation to digital preservation, are identified. The responsibilities that those who preserve digital content have toward these parties, and the political-economic considerations that arise, are then analyzed.
3Britz, J.J.: Making the global information society good : A social justice perspective on the ethical dimensions of the global information society.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 59(2008) no.7, S.1171-1183.
Abstract: This article discusses social justice as a moral norm that can be used to address the ethical challenges facing us in the global Information Society. The global Information Society is seen as a continuation of relationships which have been altered by the use of modern information and communication technologies (ICTs). Four interrelated characteristics of the global Information Society also are identified. After a brief overview of the main socioethical issues facing the global Information Society, the article discusses the application of social justice as a moral tool that has universal moral validity and which can be used to address these ethical challenges. It is illustrated that the scope of justice is no longer limited to domestic issues. Three core principles of justice are furthermore distinguished, and based on these three principles, seven categories of justice are introduced. It is illustrated how these categories of justice can be applied to address the main ethical challenges of the Information Society.
Anmerkung: Beitrag innerhalb eines Themenschwerpunkts: Perspectives on global information ethics
4Lor, P.J. ; Britz, J.J.: Challenges of the approaching knowledge society : major international issues facing LIS professionals.
In: Libri. 57(2007) no.3, S.111-122.
Abstract: In the context of the follow-up work arising from the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), this paper attempts to answer the questions: Why should librarians and information workers be involved in international advocacy? And what are the international issues with which librarians should concern themselves? Special attention is paid to the role of IFLA, as the main international body representing the interests of librarians, and to the eleven WSIS "action lines" set out in the 2003 Geneva Plan of action, along which much of the current follow-up work is aligned. The concept of the Knowledge Society, and more specifically four criteria for a Knowledge Society - ICT infrastructure, information content, human intellectual capacity, and physical delivery infrastructure - are used as a framework for the answers we give to these questions. A brief discussion of these areas and some comments on the WSIS process precede a broad outline of the international issues facing library and information professionals.
Inhalt: Vgl.: DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/LIBR.2007.111.
Wissenschaftsfach: Bibliothekswesen ; Informationswissenschaft