Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Lee, J. ; Oh, S. ; Dong, H. ; Wang, F. ; Burnett, G.: Motivations for self-archiving on an academic social networking site : a study on researchgate.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 70(2019) no.6, S.563-574.
Abstract: This study investigates motivations for self-archiving research items on academic social networking sites (ASNSs). A model of these motivations was developed based on two existing motivation models: motivation for self-archiving in academia and motivations for information sharing in social media. The proposed model is composed of 18 factors drawn from personal, social, professional, and external contexts, including enjoyment, personal/professional gain, reputation, learning, self-efficacy, altruism, reciprocity, trust, community interest, social engagement, publicity, accessibility, self-archiving culture, influence of external actors, credibility, system stability, copyright concerns, additional time, and effort. Two hundred and twenty-six ResearchGate users participated in the survey. Accessibility was the most highly rated factor, followed by altruism, reciprocity, trust, self-efficacy, reputation, publicity, and others. Personal, social, and professional factors were also highly rated, while external factors were rated relatively low. Motivations were correlated with one another, demonstrating that RG motivations for self-archiving could increase or decrease based on several factors in combination with motivations from the personal, social, professional, and external contexts. We believe the findings from this study can increase our understanding of users' motivations in sharing their research and provide useful implications for the development and improvement of ASNS services, thereby attracting more active users.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24138.
2Allen, D. ; Given, L.M. ; Burnett, G. ; Karanasios, S.: Information behavior and information practices.Guest editorial.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 70(2019) no.12, S.1299-1301.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://asistdl.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24303.
Anmerkung: Guest editorial to a special issue for research on people's engagement with technology.
3Stvilia, B. ; Hinnant, C.C. ; Wu, S. ; Worrall, A. ; Lee, D.J. ; Burnett, K. ; Burnett, G. ; Kazmer, M.M. ; Marty, P.F.: Research project tasks, data, and perceptions of data quality in a condensed matter physics community.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.2, S.246-263.
Abstract: To be effective and at the same time sustainable, a community data curation model needs to be aligned with the community's current data practices, including research project activities, data types, and perceptions of data quality. Based on a survey of members of the condensed matter physics (CMP) community gathered around the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, a large national laboratory, this article defines a model of CMP research project tasks consisting of 10 task constructs. In addition, the study develops a model of data quality perceptions by CMP scientists consisting of four data quality constructs. The paper also discusses relationships among the data quality perceptions, project roles, and demographic characteristics of CMP scientists. The findings of the study can inform the design of a CMP data curation model that is aligned and harmonized with the community's research work structure and data practices.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23177/abstract.
4Kazmer, M.M. ; Lustria, M.L.A. ; Cortese, J. ; Burnett, G ; Kim, .J.-H. ; Ma, J. ; Frost, J.: Distributed knowledge in an online patient support community : authority and discovery.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 65(2014) no.7, S.1319-1334.
Abstract: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressively debilitating neurodegenerative condition that occurs in adulthood and targets the motor neurons. Social support is crucial to the well-being and quality of life of people with unpredictable and incurable diseases such as ALS. Members of the PatientsLikeMe (PLM) ALS online support community share social support but also exchange and build distributed knowledge within their discussion forum. This qualitative analysis of 1,000 posts from the PLM ALS online discussion examines the social support within the PLM ALS online community and explores ways community members share and build knowledge. The analysis responds to 3 research questions: RQ1: How and why is knowledge shared among the distributed participants in the PLM-ALS threaded discussion forum?; RQ2: How do the participants in the PLM-ALS threaded discussion forum work together to discover knowledge about treatments and to keep knowledge discovered over time?; and RQ3: How do participants in the PLM-ALS forum co-create and treat authoritative knowledge from multiple sources including the medical literature, healthcare professionals, lived experiences of patients and "other" sources of information such as lay literature and alternative health providers? The findings have implications for supporting knowledge sharing and discovery in addition to social support for patients.
5Stvilia, B. ; Hinnant, C.C. ; Schindler, K. ; Worrall, A. ; Burnett, G. ; Burnett, K. ; Kazmer, M.M. ; Marty, P.F.: Composition of scientific teams and publication productivity at a national science lab.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 62(2011) no.2, S.270-283.
Abstract: The production of scientific knowledge has evolved from a process of inquiry largely based on the activities of individual scientists to one grounded in the collaborative efforts of specialized research teams. This shift brings to light a new question: how the composition of scientific teams affects their production of knowledge. This study employs data from 1,415 experiments conducted at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) between 2005 and 2008 to identify and select a sample of 89 teams and examine whether team diversity and network characteristics affect productivity. The study examines how the diversity of science teams along several variables affects overall team productivity. Results indicate several diversity measures associated with network position and team productivity. Teams with mixed institutional associations were more central to the overall network compared with teams that primarily comprised NHMFL's own scientists. Team cohesion was positively related to productivity. The study indicates that high productivity in teams is associated with high disciplinary diversity and low seniority diversity of team membership. Finally, an increase in the share of senior members negatively affects productivity, and teams with members in central structural positions perform better than other teams.
6Burnett, G. ; Besant, M. ; Chatman, E.A.: Small worlds : normative behavior in virtual communities and feminist bookselling.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and technology. 52(2001) no.7, S.536-547.
Abstract: Commonness and routine characterize the everyday reality of those of us who share a communal cultural space. The small worlds of our lives lack sweeping surprises, and we often conduct the business of living in such an uneventful way that few aspects of our lives appear to us to merit important discussion. Most occurrences in any small world are predictable, and much of the information that holds it together is perceived by members of that world as appropriate, legitimate, and as having a rightful place in the general scheme of things. Within such a small world, even the activity of information seeking can be viewed as normative. That is, one looks at the world, with its everyday reality, as defined by the horizons of the small world, with some degree of interest, and seeks (or avoids) information within the specific context of the small world within which one lives or works. Understanding the ways in which people deal with information in the contexts of their small worlds requires a theoretical frame capable of explaining many different types of information-related activities, including both information seeking and information avoidance, as well as all the possible activities in between these two extremes. This essay proposes such a theory - the theory of normative behavior - and presents general discussions of two communities that can be used as test cases for that theory. Much of the previous work of Chatman (1996, 1999; Pendleton & Chatman, 1998) has focused on the "ordinary life" information activities of communities defined not only by specific socioeconomic and cultural factors, but also by their geographic specificity. This essay examines two small worlds that are not only geographically dispersed, but are further defined by very different socioeconomic and cultural characteristics: the online world of virtual communities, and the world of feminist booksellers associated with the Women in Print Movement