Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Bringsjord, S. ; Clark, M. ; Taylor, J.: Sophisticated knowledge representation and reasoning requires philosophy.
In: Philosophy, computing and information science. Eds.: R. Hagengruber u. U.V. Riss. London : Pickering & Chatto, 2014. S.99-119.
(History and philosophy of technoscience; 3)
Abstract: What is knowledge representation and reasoning (KR&R)? Alas, a thorough account would require a book, or at least a dedicated, full-length paper, but here we shall have to make do with something simpler. Since most readers are likely to have an intuitive grasp of the essence of KR&R, our simple account should suffice. The interesting thing is that this simple account itself makes reference to some of the foundational distinctions in the field of philosophy. These distinctions also play a central role in artificial intelligence (AI) and computer science. To begin with, the first distinction in KR&R is that we identify knowledge with knowledge that such-and-such holds (possibly to a degree), rather than knowing how. If you ask an expert tennis player how he manages to serve a ball at 130 miles per hour on his first serve, and then serve a safer, topspin serve on his second should the first be out, you may well receive a confession that, if truth be told, this athlete can't really tell you. He just does it; he does something he has been doing since his youth. Yet, there is no denying that he knows how to serve. In contrast, the knowledge in KR&R must be expressible in declarative statements. For example, our tennis player knows that if his first serve lands outside the service box, it's not in play. He thus knows a proposition, conditional in form.
2Clark, M. ; Kim, Y. ; Kruschwitz, U. ; Song, D. ; Albakour, D. ; Dignum, S. ; Beresi, U.C. ; Fasli, M. ; Roeck, A De: Automatically structuring domain knowledge from text : an overview of current research.
In: Information processing and management. 48(2012) no.3, S.552-568.
Abstract: This paper presents an overview of automatic methods for building domain knowledge structures (domain models) from text collections. Applications of domain models have a long history within knowledge engineering and artificial intelligence. In the last couple of decades they have surfaced noticeably as a useful tool within natural language processing, information retrieval and semantic web technology. Inspired by the ubiquitous propagation of domain model structures that are emerging in several research disciplines, we give an overview of the current research landscape and some techniques and approaches. We will also discuss trade-offs between different approaches and point to some recent trends.
Inhalt: Beitrag in einem Themenheft "Soft Approaches to IA on the Web". Vgl.: doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2011.07.002.
Themenfeld: Wissensrepräsentation ; Computerlinguistik
3Clark, M.: Structural defects : form and content in electronic publishing.
In: Information design journal. 8(1996) no.2, S.153-162.
Abstract: Examines the development of structured document formatting systems, in particular TeX/LaTeX. Discusses the view that authors simply write, while the formatting software does the work of rendering the structured text into a suitable visual form. Cites examples which contest the view that form and content can be separated completely
Themenfeld: Elektronisches Publizieren
Objekt: TeX ; LaTeX
4Clark, M.: ¬The Texas State Electronic Library.
In: Texas libraries. 55(1994) no.1, S.3-8.
Abstract: Describes the activities of the Texas State Library in bringing the Internet and its resources to the public libraries of Texas and the development of the Texas State Electronic Library, which brings a wide range of library services free of charge to anyone with access to the Internet. Gives a step by step guide to logging on to the Texas State Electronic Library via the Internet and accessing the service available
5Clark, M.M. ; Esman, M.D. ; Weston, C.V.: Cataloging challenges : providing bibliographic access to Florida's full-text electronic state documents.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 18(1994) nos.3/4, S.97-119.
Abstract: Researchers at the Florida University, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences have produced a series of full text CD-ROM databases, entitled FAIRS (Florida Agricultural Information Retrieval System), containing many of the state government publications used by agricultural extension agents whenassisting the public. FAIRS contain full text information, decision making aids, a database, colour graphics, and line drawings. Discs are issued sequentially with later discs superseding earlier ones. They were developed to resolve some of the difficulties of maintaining and controlling print publications faced by agricultural extension agents. Discusses the development of the FAIRS CD-ROM databases, cataloguing issues raised by this use of full text on a disc, and 2 proposed electronic solutions to the problem of cataloguing documents more easily on this CD-ROM product