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1Zumer, M. ; Clavel, G.: Extending the multilingual capacity of The European Liibrary : resuls & findings.
Abstract: Develop the European library network's localisation and multilingual capabilities, improving access for end-users through multi language interfaces and advanced search mechanisms in a standardised way
Inhalt: Vortrag "One more step towards the European digital library: International Conference, Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, Frankfurt am Main 31 January - 1 February 2008.
Themenfeld: Multilinguale Probleme
2Zumer, M. ; Clavel, G.: EDLproject : one more step towards the European digtial library.
Inhalt: Vortrag anläasslich des Workshops: "Extending the multilingual capacity of The European Library in the EDL project Stockholm, Swedish National Library, 22-23 November 2007".
3Clavel, G. ; Dale, P. ; Heiner-Freiling, M. ; Kunz, M. ; Landry, P. ; MacEwan, A. ; Naudi, M. ; Oddy, P. ; Saget, A.: CoBRA+ working group on multilingual subject access : final report.
London : CENL, 1999. 40 S.
Abstract: This final report defines the problem of multilingual subject access, summarises the work carried out by the CoBRA+ working group on multilingual subject access from autumn 1997 until February 1999 and its results, identifies and discusses issues to be resolved, and presents a proposal for a prototype to the directors of the institutions concerned. For a summary of results, and the proposal, see 'CoBRA+ working group on multilingual subject access: proposals for discussion, March 18th 1999. This report will be distributed to members of the CENL and posted on the GABRIEL website. Genevieve Clavel has compiled it on the basis of the group's reports, discussions within the group and comments provided by the partners.
Inhalt: Backgrund to the study: The question of multilingual access to bibliographic databases affects not only searchers in countries in which several languages are spoken such as Switzerland, but also all those who search material in databases containing material in more than one language, which is the case in the majority of scientific or research databases. he growth of networks means that we can easily access catalogues outside our own immediate circle - in another town, another country, another continent. In doing so we encounter problems concerning not only search interfaces, but also concerning subject access or even author access in another language. In France for example, each document, independently of the language in which it has been written, is indexed using a French-language subject heading language. Thus, in order to search by subject headings for documents written in English or German, held in the Bibliothèque nationale de France, the researcher from abroad has to master the French language. In theory, the indexer should be able to analyse a document and assign headings in his/her native language, while the user should be able to search in his/her native language. The language of the document itself should have no influence on the language of the subject heading language used for indexing nor on the language used for searching. (Practically speaking of course, there are restrictions, since there is a limit to the number of languages in which subject headings languages could be maintained and thus in which the user may search.) In the example below, we are concerned with three languages: German, French and English. If we can imagine a system in which there are equivalents among subject headings in these three languages, the following scenario may be envisaged: a German-speaking indexer will use German-language subject headings to index all the documents received, regardless of the language in which they are written. The user may search for these documents by entering subject headings in German, but also in French or in English, thanks to the equivalents that have been established, in French or in English without the necessity to know the other languages or the structure of the other SHLs. Ideally, this approach should not be confined to one database, but would allow the different databases to be brought together in virtual system: an English-speaking user in London should be able to search the database of the Deutsche Bibliothek in Frankfurt using English-language headings, and retrieving documents which have been indexed using the German subject headings' list.
Anmerkung: Vgl. auch: http://www.bl.uk/information/finrap3.html
Themenfeld: Multilinguale Probleme
4Clavel, G. ; Walther, F. ; Walther, J.: Indexation automatique de fonds bibliotheconomiques.
In: ARBIDO-R. 8(1993) no.1, S.13-19.
Abstract: A discussion of developments to date in the field of computerized indexing, based on presentations given at a seminar held at the Institute of Policy Studies in Paris in Nov 91. The methods tested so far, based on a linguistic approach, whether using natural language or special thesauri, encounter the same central problem - they are only successful when applied to collections of similar types of documents covering very specific subject areas. Despite this, the search for some sort of universal indexing metalanguage continues. In the end, computerized indexing works best when used in conjunction with manual indexing - ideally in the hands of a trained library science professional, who can extract the maximum value from a collection of documents for a particular user population
Themenfeld: Automatisches Indexieren