Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Radford, M.L. ; Kitzie, V. ; Mikitish, S. ; Floegel, D. ; Radford, G.P. ; Connaway, L.S.: "People are reading your work," : scholarly identity and social networking sites.
In: Journal of documentation. 76(2020) no.6, S.1233-1260.
Abstract: Scholarly identity refers to endeavors by scholars to promote their reputation, work and networks using online platforms such as ResearchGate, Academia.edu and Twitter. This exploratory research investigates benefits and drawbacks of scholarly identity efforts and avenues for potential library support. Design/methodology/approach Data from 30 semi-structured phone interviews with faculty, doctoral students and academic librarians were qualitatively analyzed using the constant comparisons method (Charmaz, 2014) and Goffman's (1959, 1967) theoretical concept of impression management. Findings Results reveal that use of online platforms enables academics to connect with others and disseminate their research. scholarly identity platforms have benefits, opportunities and offer possibilities for developing academic library support. They are also fraught with drawbacks/concerns, especially related to confusion, for-profit models and reputational risk. Research limitations/implications This exploratory study involves analysis of a small number of interviews (30) with self-selected social scientists from one discipline (communication) and librarians. It lacks gender, race/ethnicity and geographical diversity and focuses exclusively on individuals who use social networking sites for their scholarly identity practices. Social implications Results highlight benefits and risks of scholarly identity work and the potential for adopting practices that consider ethical dilemmas inherent in maintaining an online social media presence. They suggest continuing to develop library support that provides strategic guidance and information on legal responsibilities regarding copyright. Originality/value This research aims to understand the benefits and drawbacks of Scholarly Identity platforms and explore what support academic libraries might offer. It is among the first to investigate these topics comparing perspectives of faculty, doctoral students and librarians.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-04-2019-0074.
Objekt: ResearchGate ; Academia.edu ; Twitter
2Radford, M.L. ; Connaway, L.S. ; Mikitish, S. ; Alpert, M. ; Shah, C. ; Cooke, N.A.: Shared values, new vision : collaboration and communities of practice in virtual reference and SQA.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 68(2017) no.2, S.438-449.
Abstract: This investigation of new approaches to improving collaboration, user/librarian experiences, and sustainability for virtual reference services (VRS) reports findings from a grant project titled "Cyber Synergy: Seeking Sustainability between Virtual Reference and Social Q&A Sites" (Radford, Connaway, & Shah, 2011-2014). In-depth telephone interviews with 50 VRS librarians included questions on collaboration, referral practices, and attitudes toward Social Question and Answer (SQA) services using the Critical Incident Technique (Flanagan, 1954). The Community of Practice (CoP) (Wenger, 1998; Davies, 2005) framework was found to be a useful conceptualization for understanding VRS professionals' approaches to their work. Findings indicate that participants usually refer questions from outside of their area of expertise to other librarians, but occasionally refer them to nonlibrarian experts. These referrals are made possible because participants believe that other VRS librarians are qualified and willing collaborators. Barriers to collaboration include not knowing appropriate librarians/experts for referral, inability to verify credentials, and perceived unwillingness to collaborate. Facilitators to collaboration include knowledge of appropriate collaborators who are qualified and willingness to refer. Answers from SQA services were perceived as less objective and authoritative, but participants were open to collaborating with nonlibrarian experts with confirmation of professional expertise or extensive knowledge.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23668/full.
3Wakeling, S. ; Clough, P. ; Connaway, L.S. ; Sen, B. ; Tomás, D.: Users and uses of a global union catalog : a mixed-methods study of WorldCat.org.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 68(2017) no.9, S.2166-2181.
Abstract: This paper presents the first large-scale investigation of the users and uses of WorldCat.org, the world's largest bibliographic database and global union catalog. Using a mixed-methods approach involving focus group interviews with 120 participants, an online survey with 2,918 responses, and an analysis of transaction logs of approximately 15 million sessions from WorldCat.org, the study provides a new understanding of the context for global union catalog use. We find that WorldCat.org is accessed by a diverse population, with the three primary user groups being librarians, students, and academics. Use of the system is found to fall within three broad types of work-task (professional, academic, and leisure), and we also present an emergent taxonomy of search tasks that encompass known-item, unknown-item, and institutional information searches. Our results support the notion that union catalogs are primarily used for known-item searches, although the volume of traffic to WorldCat.org means that unknown-item searches nonetheless represent an estimated 250,000 sessions per month. Search engine referrals account for almost half of all traffic, but although WorldCat.org effectively connects users referred from institutional library catalogs to other libraries holding a sought item, users arriving from a search engine are less likely to connect to a library.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23708/full. Der Beitrag ist frei verfügbar.
Themenfeld: Formalerschließung ; Katalogfragen allgemein
4O'Neill, E.T. ; Connaway, L.S. ; Dickey, T.J.: Estimating the audience level for library resources.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 59(2008) no.13, S.2042-2050.
Abstract: WorldCat, OCLC's bibliographic database, identifies books and the libraries that hold them. The holdings provide detailed information about the type and number of libraries that have acquired the material. Using this information, it is possible to infer the type of audience for which the material is intended. A quantitative measure, the audience level, is derived from the types of libraries that have selected the resource. The audience level can be used to refine discovery, analyze collections, advise readers, and enhance reference services.
5Prabha, C. ; Connaway, L.S. ; Olszewski, L. ; Jenkins, L.R.: What is enough? : satisficing information needs.
In: Journal of documentation. 63(2007) no.1, S.74-89.
Abstract: Purpose - This paper seeks to understand how users know when to stop searching for more information when the information space is so saturated that there is no certainty that the relevant information has been identified. Design/methodology/approach - Faculty, undergraduate and graduate students participated in focus group interviews to investigate what leads them to satisfice their information needs. Findings - Academic library users describe both qualitative and quantitative criteria, which lead them to make rational choices determining when "enough" information satisfices their need. The situational context of both the participants' specific information need and their role in academic society affects every stage of their search - from the selection of the first resource, to ongoing search strategies, to decisions on how much information is enough. Originality/value - These findings broaden the scope of earlier user research, which tends to focus on the more static views of habitual information-seeking and -searching behavior, by applying theoretical frameworks for a richer understanding of the users' experiences.
Anmerkung: Beitrag in einem Themenheft "Human information behavior"
6Lavoie, B.F. ; Connaway, L.S. ; O'Neill, E.T.: Mapping WorldCat's digital landscape.
In: Library resources and technical services. 51(2007) no.2, S.106-115.
Abstract: Digital materials are reshaping library collections and, by extension, traditional library practice for collecting, organizing, and preserving information. This paper uses OCLC's WorldCat bibliographic database as a data source for examining questions relating to digital materials in library collections, including criteria for identifying digital materials algorithmically in MARC21 records; the quantity, types, characteristics, and holdings patterns of digital materials cataloged in WorldCat; and trends in WorldCat cataloging activity for digital materials over time. Issues pertaining to cataloging practice for digital materials and perspectives on digital holdings at the work level also are discussed. Analysis of the aggregate collection represented by the combined digital holdings in WorldCat affords a high-level perspective on historical patterns, suggests future trends, and supplies useful intelligence with which to inform decision making in a variety of areas.
7Lavoie, B. ; Connaway, L.S. ; Dempsey, L.: Anatomy of aggregate collections : the example of Google print for libraries.
In: D-Lib magazine. 11(2005) no.9, x S.
Abstract: Google's December 2004 announcement of its intention to collaborate with five major research libraries - Harvard University, the University of Michigan, Stanford University, the University of Oxford, and the New York Public Library - to digitize and surface their print book collections in the Google searching universe has, predictably, stirred conflicting opinion, with some viewing the project as a welcome opportunity to enhance the visibility of library collections in new environments, and others wary of Google's prospective role as gateway to these collections. The project has been vigorously debated on discussion lists and blogs, with the participating libraries commonly referred to as "the Google 5". One point most observers seem to concede is that the questions raised by this initiative are both timely and significant. The Google Print Library Project (GPLP) has galvanized a long overdue, multi-faceted discussion about library print book collections. The print book is core to library identity and practice, but in an era of zero-sum budgeting, it is almost inevitable that print book budgets will decline as budgets for serials, digital resources, and other materials expand. As libraries re-allocate resources to accommodate changing patterns of user needs, print book budgets may be adversely impacted. Of course, the degree of impact will depend on a library's perceived mission. A public library may expect books to justify their shelf-space, with de-accession the consequence of minimal use. A national library, on the other hand, has a responsibility to the scholarly and cultural record and may seek to collect comprehensively within particular areas, with the attendant obligation to secure the long-term retention of its print book collections. The combination of limited budgets, changing user needs, and differences in library collection strategies underscores the need to think about a collective, or system-wide, print book collection - in particular, how can an inter-institutional system be organized to achieve goals that would be difficult, and/or prohibitively expensive, for any one library to undertake individually ? Mass digitization programs like GPLP cast new light on these and other issues surrounding the future of library print book collections, but at this early stage, it is light that illuminates only dimly. It will be some time before GPLP's implications for libraries and library print book collections can be fully appreciated and evaluated. But the strong interest and lively debate generated by this initiative suggest that some preliminary analysis - premature though it may be - would be useful, if only to undertake a rough mapping of the terrain over which GPLP potentially will extend. At the least, some early perspective helps shape interesting questions for the future, when the boundaries of GPLP become settled, workflows for producing and managing the digitized materials become systematized, and usage patterns within the GPLP framework begin to emerge. ; This article offers some perspectives on GPLP in light of what is known about library print book collections in general, and those of the Google 5 in particular, from information in OCLC's WorldCat bibliographic database and holdings file. Questions addressed include: * Coverage: What proportion of the system-wide print book collection will GPLP potentially cover? What is the degree of holdings overlap across the print book collections of the five participating libraries? * Language: What is the distribution of languages associated with the print books held by the GPLP libraries? Which languages are predominant? * Copyright: What proportion of the GPLP libraries' print book holdings are out of copyright? * Works: How many distinct works are represented in the holdings of the GPLP libraries? How does a focus on works impact coverage and holdings overlap? * Convergence: What are the effects on coverage of using a different set of five libraries? What are the effects of adding the holdings of additional libraries to those of the GPLP libraries, and how do these effects vary by library type? These questions certainly do not exhaust the analytical possibilities presented by GPLP. More in-depth analysis might look at Google 5 coverage in particular subject areas; it also would be interesting to see how many books covered by the GPLP have already been digitized in other contexts. However, these questions are left to future studies. The purpose here is to explore a few basic questions raised by GPLP, and in doing so, provide an empirical context for the debate that is sure to continue for some time to come. A secondary objective is to lay some groundwork for a general set of questions that could be used to explore the implications of any mass digitization initiative. A suggested list of questions is provided in the conclusion of the article.
Anmerkung: Vgl.: http://dlib.ukoln.ac.uk/dlib/september05/lavoie/09lavoie.html.
Objekt: Google book search
8Connaway, L.S. ; Johnson, D.W. ; Searing, S.E.: Online catalogs from the users' perspective : the use of focus group interviews.
In: College and research libraries. 58(1997) no.5, S.403-420.
Abstract: Reports results of a study to elicit information from the users of the Wisconsin University at Madison online catalogue (Network Library System (NLS)). The General Library System (GLS) conducted focus group interviews with undergraduate students, graduate students, and faculty. Undergraduate students tend to utilize subject searching capabilities. Graduate students and faculty utilize subject searching only as a last resort; they typically search by known author or title. A significant number of the participants reported experience with library online catalogues other than NLS, although the majority of faculty reported very little experience with other online catalogues. All the focus group participants, but particularly the undergraduate students, evidenced confusion between keyword searching and searching controlled vocabulary. Inclusion of circulation status in the bibliographic records was identified as an important feature of the catalogue
Themenfeld: OPAC ; Benutzerstudien
9Connaway, L.S.: ¬A model curriculum for cataloging education : the library and information services program ath the University of Denver.
In: Technical services quarterly. 15(1997) nos.1/2, S.27-41.
Abstract: The theory versus practice issue in library and information science education in general and in cataloguing education in particular has long been debated. Decreasing budgets, dependence on technology, the availability of bibliographic utilities, and the outsourcing of cataloguing may contribute to the debate and concern associated with cataloguing education. A new library and information services programme at University College of the University of Denver was designed to incorporate the research and scholarly thought and the practice of the library and information science discipline with other related disciplines. The cataloguing component developed for the programme utilizes active learning techniques supplemented by a theoretical core
Themenfeld: Ausbildung ; Formalerschließung
10Connaway, L.S. ; Sievert, M.C.: Comparison of three classification systems for information on health insurance.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 23(1996) no.2, S.89-104.
Abstract: Reports results of a comparative study of 3 classification schemes: LCC, DDC and NLM Classification to determine their effectiveness in classifying materials on health insurance. Examined 2 hypotheses: that there would be no differences in the scatter of the 3 classification schemes; and that there would be overlap between all 3 schemes but no difference in the classes into which the subject was placed. There was subject scatter in all 3 classification schemes and litlle overlap between the 3 systems
Themenfeld: Klassifikationstheorie: Elemente / Struktur
Objekt: LCC ; DDC ; NLM Classification
11Connaway, L.S. ; Budd, J.M. ; Kochtanek, T.R.: ¬An investigation of the use of an online catalogue : user characteristics and transaction log analysis.
In: Library resources and technical services. 39(1995) no.2, S.142-152.
Abstract: Reports an examination of the results of 114 sessions on the online catalogue, at the Ellis Library, Missouri University at Columbia, to determine what types of searches were conducted and what search modes and fields (title, author) were used. Examination of tranaction logs revealed that title and author searches predominated and that the opportunity to construct Boolean searches was rarely taken advantage of. The searchers themselves reported that they were, on the whole, experienced at using the system; most searched the catalogue at least once a week. This is reflected in the relatively low instance of error and in the fact that most searches produced at least some hits. The majority of errors that were made in the process of searching were typographical
Themenfeld: OPAC ; Benutzerstudien
12Connaway, L.S. ; Kochtanek, T.R. ; Adams, D.: MARC bibliographic records : considerations and conversion procedures for microcomputer database programs.
In: Microcomputers for information management. 11(1994) no.2, S.69-88.
Abstract: Describes a procedural set of software routines which allow the conversion of MARC records retrieved from one cataloguing source to be converted for use in a microcomputer environment. Shows how BASIC and dBASE programs have been developed to retrieve and store MARC records from cataloguing sources in pure ASCII format. The developed software programs enable libraries to process, store and retrieve MARC records created by other cataloguing sources for local use, in an inexpensive way. Appendices present the program listings
Themenfeld: Bibliographische Software